DECISIVE BATTLES: THE TURNING POINTS OF HISTORY THE BATTLE OF HATTIN: MOVEMENTS OF OPPOSING FORCES THE BATTLE OF HATTIN A 20, 000 strong Crusader force set out to crush Saladin’s forces. The army had to change course to reach the Springs of Hattin, the closest source of water. Their path was blocked by Saladin’s forces. Thirsty and demoralized, the Crusader’s failed to break Saladin’s encirclement and finally surrendered. THE BATTLE OF HATTIN 1187 CE GUY OF LUSIGNAN SURRENDERING TO SALADIN THE BATTLE OF HATTIN 1. 2. Significance: It resulted in the destruction of Crusader forces in the Levant. It paved way for the Ayyubid re-capture of Jerusalem. THE BATTLE OF TRAFALGAR 1805 CE HORATIO LORD NELSON PIERRE-CHARLES VILLENEUVE THE BATTLE OF TRAFALGAR: OPPOSING COMMANDERS THE BATTLE OF TRAFALGAR THE BATTLE OF TRAFALGAR THE BATTLE OF TRAFALGAR The Royal Navy, attacked a combined French-Spanish fleet, off the coast of Spain. Nelson attacked in two columns to break the enemy line and to prevent them from escaping. The British won a resounding victory capturing 18 enemy vessels. THE BATTLE OF TRAFALGAR: CASUALTIES AND LOSSES The United Kingdom Casualties and losses: 458 dead The French Empire Casualties and losses: 23 ships lost 3,243 dead, NELSON’S DEATH ABOARD THE HMS VICTORY THE BATTLE OF TRAFALGAR Consequences: 1. 2. 3. The French Navy never again seriously challenged the Royal Navy. Napoleon had to abandon his plan of invading Britain. It paved way for British naval supremacy which lasted until the Second World War. THANK YOU!