Making words end with “-ing”

Making words end with “-ing”
In Spanish, making words end with “-ing” is easy!
For “-ar” verbs, simply drop the existing ending and add “-ando.”
For example, to make the word “speaking” you would take the verb
“hablar” and change it to “hablando.”
*Example: Yo estoy hablando con José. I am speaking with José.
For “-er” and “-ir” verbs, change the existing ending to “-iendo.”
For example, to make the word “eating” you would take the verb
“comer” and change it to “comiendo.”
To make the word “living” you would take the verb “vivir” and change it
to “viviendo.”
*Example: Yo estoy comiendo una manzana. I am eating an apple.
*Example: Yo estoy viviendo en Otsego. I am living in Otsego.
Add “-ing” in Spanish to the following verbs:
1.) cantar __________ 4.) salir ____________ 7.) llover _________
2.) beber __________ 5.) trabajar ___________ 8.) escribir ________
3.) subir __________ 6.) hacer ____________ 9.) nevar _________
Irregular “-ing” Words
Of course, just like everything else in Spanish, there are exceptions to
the rule when adding “-ing” to verbs. Here are some irregularities:
1.) The “-ing” form of “-er” and “-ir” verbs with stems ending in a
vowel is formed by adding “-yendo” instead of “iendo.”
caer (to fall)
creer (to believe)
leer (to read)
oír (to hear)
traer (to bring)
2.) Stem-changing “-ir” verbs change the stem vowel from (ei) and
also from (ou).
decir (to say, to tell)
dormir (to sleep)
morir (to die)
pedir (to ask for, to order)
sentir (to feel, to be sorry)
venir (to come)
3.) Two other verbs with irregular “-ing” forms are:
ir (to go)
poder (to be able to)
*These last two verbs are rarely used in the “-ing” form, since the
meaning of their present and past tense forms essentially eliminate the
need for their use in this special “-ing” form.
For example:
I am going to the party
I am able to swim.
I was going to the party.
I was able to swim.
Yo voy a la fiesta.
Yo puedo nadar.
Yo iba a la fiesta.
Yo podía nadar.
Using progressive tenses (Using “-ing” in Sentences)
Using words that end in “-ing” is pretty simple in Spanish.
It works in pretty much the same way as it does in English.
In Spanish, we typically use a form of the verb “estar” in front of any
word ending in “-ing.”
For example, in the present tense, we could say:
Estoy hablando con María.
Estás viviendo en Rogers.
José está abriendo la puerta.
Estamos comiendo pupusas.
Estáis cantando muy bien.
Están trabajando mucho.
I am speaking with María.
You are living in Rogers.
José is opening the door.
We are eating pupusas.
You guys are singing very well.
They are working a lot.
Since we use a form of estar in front of “-ing” words, this would be a
good time to review the present tense forms of the verb “estar.”
*Remember that the verb “estar” is irregular, and has accents in every
form except for “yo” and “nosotros.” Also, the “yo” form is “estoy.”
¡Practicamos! – Try writing the following sentences in Spanish:
1.) I am studying Spanish.
2.) They are drinking water.
3.) We are listening to music. _____________________________
¡Practicamos con los progresivos (estar +“-ing”)!
Write the following sentences in Spanish, replacing the underlined words with
the correct form of the verb “estar” in the present tense and the “-ing” form of
the second verb.
I am eating an enchilada.
We are living in Dayton.
Estoy comiendo una enchilada.
Estamos viviendo en Dayton.
1.) They are working today.
2.) We are learning a lot.
3.) You are writing a letter to José.
4.) Are you drawing a flower?
5.) Marcos is living in Anoka.
6.) I am selling shoes.
7.) Rosa is shouting a lot.
8.) We are singing with the choir.
9.) The teacher is explaining the test.
10.) I am listening to rock music.
11.) My dad is paying the bill.
12.) We are receiving many gifts.
13.) They are answering the question.
14.) I am watching the television.
15.) Are you buying new shoes?
to work trabajar
to learn aprender
to write escribir
to draw dibujar
to live vivir
to sell vender
to shout gritar
to sing cantar
to explain explicar
to listen escuchar
to pay for pagar
to receive recibir
to answer contestar
to watch mirar
to watch mirar
to buy comprar
a letter una carta
a flower una flor
the choir el coro
the test el examen
the bill la cuenta
gifts regalos
the question la pregunta
the television el televisor