HOW IS AGRICULTURE DONE IN PERU? Competencia: Gestiona Responsablemente el Espacio y el Ambiente. Propósito de la clase: Explicar los factores que permiten el desarrollo de la agricultura en las diferentes regiones del Perú. There are three factors that let the agriculture to be developed: the soil, water and climate. THE SOILS Sandy soils: They are loose and don’t keep humidity so the water filters easily. Clayey soils: They keep humidity and don’t benefit the crops development. Organic soils: They are rich in humus and are the best for agriculture. THE WATER It is indispensable for the plants to absorb all the nourishments from the soil. According to the quantity of water the crops need they can be irrigation land crops, that need too much water to grow or dry land crops that need just rain water. THE CLIMATE It also has influence in the crops, not all the plants need the same conditions, like humidity, rain, sun etc. THE COAST AND TRADING AGRICULTURE In the coast the valleys are almost flat and very productive. The climate is temperate and the region counts with the best and modern machines, fertilizers and insecticides. It has an efficient irrigation system and the communication via facilitates the transport of products to the markets. Besides food crops, like potatoes, wheat, onion, pumpkins, mangoes, watermelon, also there are industrial crops like sugar cane and cotton. Most of the products are sent to the internal trading and exportation for this reason we say that coastal agriculture is for trading. THE SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE IN THE ANDES In the Andes the ground is rough and the soils little deep, it makes difficult the agriculture. They use traditional techniques to cultivate, tools like shovels, picks, chaquitaclla and oxen pulling plows. For this reason, its agriculture is less productive than in the coast and it is lead toward subsistence. The lacks of this region are: technology, communication via to distribute the products and an irrigation system for not to depend of the rain. THE AGRICULTURE IN THE RAIN FOREST The excessive rains that take out nourishments from the soil, floods and lack of communication via are the hardest problems for agriculture in the rain forest. In spite of it here are cultivated coffee, cacao, tea, fruits, yuca, rice, wheat and others.