Subido por Frank Escobar

Chapter 4

4.4.3. Data Collection Instruments
The instruments to be used during the development of this Action Research will be
observation guides (Appendix 3), checklists (Appendix 4), oral interviews (Appendix 5) and
questionnaires. All these instruments will be part of an entire Plan of Action to be developed
during the action of the studied, consequently, it will be built based on the indicators included
in the operationalization of the variables. The Plan of Action will be set in a matrix in which
the different phases of the action will be included. Therefore, in such matrix, each action to
be performed, the date, the instruments and resources to be used, the persons in charge of
each action, and comments or observations will be established. Nevertheless, before
beginning the implementation of the Plan of Action, the researchers should get together with
the students, and everybody together will reflect on each of its parts so that everybody agrees
on the way each strategy will be developed and if it is according to their likes. All the
instruments will be helpful to measure whether the strategies (indicators) are fulfilling the
objectives of the study. If they are not, the strategies will be changed by means of reflection.
As a matter of fact, other instruments will be designed.
4.4.4. Validation of Data Collection Instruments
The indispensable validation process of the data collection instruments previously
mentioned will be done within the target population included in this study; no other person’s
insights will be asked or included as the target population is the one that will agree or disagree
on each of the items to be included in the instruments. The target population will get together
and will conduct reflection about how meaningful and accurate the instruments are. If the
instruments need any enhancement, they will integrate such enhancement right after having
checked them.
4.4.5. Validity and Reliability
To assure the proficiency of the instruments previously mentioned, the research team
and the students will enforce three types of validity: Baseline Validity, Interpretative
Hermeneutics Validity, and Triangulation Validity. The first type – Baseline Validity - will
serve to reassure that every element within the instruments is steady and coherent; the
Baseline of this study is the basis for all the steps to be followed during the research process.
Consequently, the researchers will execute Interpretative Hermeneutics Validity through
every reflection which has been carried out up to this point, and every reflection process that
will be carried out with students during the whole development of the Action. This type of
validity is a prominent way to decode all the qualitative data. Moreover, Triangulation
Validity will be used to compare the results gotten from the different tools that will be
administered and to compare all the different perspectives about the action taken. Reliability
will be comforted by means of the validity of the research; that is, in this type of research,
reliability will depend on validity; in other words, if the process is valid, it will also be