The Industrial Revolution in England Pamuk and Van Zanden (2010). The Industrial Revolution is one of the events that produced the greatest consequences for the living standards of the people. This event started in the United Kingdom and then expanded throughout Europe. This fact led to great economic growth within the countries of Europe and an increase in the standard of living of Europeans to the present. However, it produced an increase of the poor in the urban conglomerates, a reduction of income for the craftsmen, a great inequality of income and wealth, feeding the social movements that arise as a result of the industrialization that tried to resist or modify these changes. This chapter focuses mostly on the impact of the industrial revolution. The industrialization had a lot to do with the redistribution of income, it happened that very few benefited quickly, and many had to wait all their lives for their returns to arrive. But to this must be added that not industrialization, of course was not an alternative and also that the patterns of increasing inequality within Britain and throughout Europe began to reverse after 1870. This chapter will focus mostly on the impact of the industrial revolution only for those parts of the continent that began to industrialize before 1870 but also for those parts that were influenced by it more indirectly, mainly through trade. The reading deepens into just two topics, the consequences of industrialization for living standards and the inequality between income and wealth. The undetermined description of the evidence has encouraged the search for new measures and evidence, complementing information on the development of real wages and GDP per capita. A quarter of a century later, it is clear that improvements in living standards were limited until 1870, compared to the following decades. This chapter will attempt to collect, analyze and show evidence related to the standard of living, with data on heights, literacy and life expectancy. - especially for those parts of Europe for which evidence has been less available until lately. A debate clearly related to the level of living is related to what happened with the inequality of income and wealth during the period 1700-1870. The impact in England is the main focus, but they also analyze the levels and trends in the inequality of income and wealth in the rest of the continent. Economic growth became more noticeable during 1700-1870, first in northwestern Europe and then to other countries in Europe. It began to happen that real wages tended to stay behind and that real improvements in other indicators of living standards were often even more delayed. The benefits of the Industrial Revolution expanded very unevenly across the continent in spatial terms and in socioeconomic conditions. Likewise, social inequality broke out, which added to an already growing disparity in the distribution of income and wealth that were the result of economic expansion and urbanization in the centuries before 1700. In this way, it was created a class of salaried workers on one side and a group of rich merchants on the other. Industrialization in Western Europe, therefore, occurred in a highly unequal income environment that tended to become even more acute. In the wake of the Atlantic Revolution and, of course, the French Revolution, new concepts of citizenship were developed that, at least in theory, gave an increase in the political rights of the citizens of Western Europe; a change that was not really undone by the conservative movement that dominated national and international politics in the decades after 1815. At this time the traditional ways of organizing the manifestations of the interests of one sector through guilds, cities and other corporations were suppressed However, it is reiterated that the tortuous transformation of the political systems that took place in the period of 1776-1848 laid the foundations for the progress that was made during the second half of the 19th century. Many of the patterns of increasing inequality within and between countries throughout the continent during the period up to 1870 began to reverse between 1870 and 1914.