UNIVERSIDAD MARIANO GALVEZ FACULTAD DE HUMANIDADES ESCUELA DE IDIOMAS LICENCIATURA EN INGLES CON ÉNFASIS EN TECNOLOGÍA EDUCATIVA ENFOQUES ALTERNATIVOS PARA LA EVALUACION DE PROGRAMAS CODIGO:076.114 LESSON 4 Historical Background of Program Evaluation Proceed to investigate in Internet and UMG Library the following initiatives related with Program Evaluation in teaching English. 1. PENNSYLVANIA PROJECT – 1972: a two year experiment conducted from 1965 to 1967, with two year follow up study from 1967 to 1969. This project attempted to deal with “unwanted variability in teacher behavior” by: 1) utilizing large numbers of teachers 2) teacher testing 3) employment of teachers with certain experience parameters 4) teacher orientation and training 5) frequent observation of classroom behavior 2. GUME PROJECT (GöTEBORG ENGLISH TEACHING METHOD): represents a series of comparative experiments designed to “assess the relative merits of different approaches to teaching grammatical structures in English as a foreign language”. 3. TALOS (TARGET LANGUAGE OBSERVATION SCHEME): developed by Ullman and Geva in 1982. They investigated the implementation of the curriculum through classroom observation using this method. 4. JIJOE (JET IN, JET OUT EXPERT): con ducted in Brazil in 1992, formulate a participatory model of program evaluation that included people from all levels of the program in the active planning and execution of the evaluation. 5. REST (READING ENGLISH FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PROJECT): conducted during 1985 to 1987 this program was designated to teach reading skills to chemical engineering undergraduate students of the chemical sciences faculty at the University of Guadalajara.