Subido por Ny Yu


The line graph demonstrates how the number of carbon dioxide emitted by one person in
4 different countries have changed over the 40 year period, measured in metric tonnes.
From an overall perspective, the fact worth noticing in the chart is that United Kingdom
as well as Sweden, which accounted for the highest average carbon dioxide emission in
1967, witnessed a moderate decline from 1967 to 2007. On the contrary, both Italy and
Portugal experienced a similar upward trend over the same period.
In 1967, United Kingdom started off with the highest amount of carbon emission with
approximately 11 metric tonnes and gradually depleted to 9 metric tonnes in 2007. Even
though the emission in UK carried on dwindling steadily by 2 metric tonnes, it still
ranked as the country with the highest CO2 rate. Likewise, Sweden, by 1967, with 9
metric tonnes showed a sudden surge and reached its peak at 10 metric tonnes in 1977,
then it witnessed a substantial diminished in carbon emission and fell by 4 metric tonnes
at the end of the period, which turned Sweden from the second highest emission rate
country to one of the lowest emission rate.
Nevertheless, at the beginning of the period, the amount of carbon in Italy was about 4
metric tonnes in 1967 and doubled its amount to 8 metric tonnes in 2007. Portugal also
experienced a similar upward trend, in which it went from 1 to 6 metric tonnes over the
whole period.
Human beings have always had detrimental impacts toward the environment ever
since we realized our ability to utilize and make use of the resources in nature. As the
demand for consumer goods worldwide is indeed increasing, people began to exploit
more natural resources in order to manufacture and produce more goods to satisfy their
customer requirements, which leads the shortage and scarcity of resources and the
emission of greenhouse gases, etc. Furthermore, I will outline several resolutions should
be taken in action so that we could improve our surrounding environment and gain a
more sustainable world.
First and foremost, natural resources are being exploited on accounted of the
demand for consumer goods of is too high. More precisely, thousands of tree, which is
the natural habitat for the vast majority of living beings on Earth, is being cut down for
woods and papers manufacture every year. Furthermore, water is also being contaminated
by all the toxic waste from factories. These actions lead to the destruction of habitat of
both marine and terrestrial animals, which results in animals extinction and lost our
biodiversity. To tackle this problem, governments need to amend strict and rigid law in
order to prohibited people from exploiting the woods, more specifically is to punish
strictly and increase fine.
Secondly, as the Industrial Revolution happen, people and factories began to took
advantages of fossil fuels to run their machine and enhance human productivity. The act
of burning those fuels produces greenhouse gases, for instance, carbon dioxide, sulphur
dioxide, etc which rise into the atmosphere and create global warming. One of the most
dramatic impacts of global warming is the melting of glaciers and ice sheets,
consequently some animals living in those areas will end up losing their habitat and the
rising of sea water level leads to the destruction of coastal area and also shoreline erosion.
For the sake of the people, the answer for this issue is, using and improving the
alternative or renewable source of energy such as solar, wind or tidal energy which is
sustainable and eco-friendly.
To conclude, the development of consumer goods is inevitable since that is the
way our society develop more and more. Therefore, we need governments and companies
or agencies to cooperate and also raise awareness among citizens to alleviate the negative
effects on our environment.