TASK 1: The line graph demonstrates how the number of carbon dioxide emitted by one person in 4 different countries have changed over the 40 year period, measured in metric tonnes. From an overall perspective, the fact worth noticing in the chart is that United Kingdom as well as Sweden, which accounted for the highest average carbon dioxide emission in 1967, witnessed a moderate decline from 1967 to 2007. On the contrary, both Italy and Portugal experienced a similar upward trend over the same period. In 1967, United Kingdom started off with the highest amount of carbon emission with approximately 11 metric tonnes and gradually depleted to 9 metric tonnes in 2007. Even though the emission in UK carried on dwindling steadily by 2 metric tonnes, it still ranked as the country with the highest CO2 rate. Likewise, Sweden, by 1967, with 9 metric tonnes showed a sudden surge and reached its peak at 10 metric tonnes in 1977, then it witnessed a substantial diminished in carbon emission and fell by 4 metric tonnes at the end of the period, which turned Sweden from the second highest emission rate country to one of the lowest emission rate. Nevertheless, at the beginning of the period, the amount of carbon in Italy was about 4 metric tonnes in 1967 and doubled its amount to 8 metric tonnes in 2007. Portugal also experienced a similar upward trend, in which it went from 1 to 6 metric tonnes over the whole period. TASK 2: Human beings have always had detrimental impacts toward the environment ever since we realized our ability to utilize and make use of the resources in nature. As the demand for consumer goods worldwide is indeed increasing, people began to exploit more natural resources in order to manufacture and produce more goods to satisfy their customer requirements, which leads the shortage and scarcity of resources and the emission of greenhouse gases, etc. Furthermore, I will outline several resolutions should be taken in action so that we could improve our surrounding environment and gain a more sustainable world. First and foremost, natural resources are being exploited on accounted of the demand for consumer goods of is too high. More precisely, thousands of tree, which is the natural habitat for the vast majority of living beings on Earth, is being cut down for woods and papers manufacture every year. Furthermore, water is also being contaminated by all the toxic waste from factories. These actions lead to the destruction of habitat of both marine and terrestrial animals, which results in animals extinction and lost our biodiversity. To tackle this problem, governments need to amend strict and rigid law in order to prohibited people from exploiting the woods, more specifically is to punish strictly and increase fine. Secondly, as the Industrial Revolution happen, people and factories began to took advantages of fossil fuels to run their machine and enhance human productivity. The act of burning those fuels produces greenhouse gases, for instance, carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide, etc which rise into the atmosphere and create global warming. One of the most dramatic impacts of global warming is the melting of glaciers and ice sheets, consequently some animals living in those areas will end up losing their habitat and the rising of sea water level leads to the destruction of coastal area and also shoreline erosion. For the sake of the people, the answer for this issue is, using and improving the alternative or renewable source of energy such as solar, wind or tidal energy which is sustainable and eco-friendly. To conclude, the development of consumer goods is inevitable since that is the way our society develop more and more. Therefore, we need governments and companies or agencies to cooperate and also raise awareness among citizens to alleviate the negative effects on our environment.