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Activity Guide
D81242GC11
Edition 1.1| June 2015 | D91555
Learn more from Oracle University at oracle.com/education/
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Oracle Database 12c: ASM
Administration
Disclaimer
This document contains proprietary information and is protected by copyright and other intellectual property laws. You may copy and
print this document solely for your own use in an Oracle training course. The document may not be modified or altered in any way.
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report them in writing to: Oracle University, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, California 94065 USA. This document is not
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Restricted Rights Notice
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Trademark Notice
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owners.
Author
James Womack
Technical Contributors and Reviewers
Harald Van Breederode, Jerry Lee, Joel Goodman, Jim Williams, Allan Graves, Gerlinde
Frenzen, Harald Van Breederode, Joel Goodman, Jim Williams, Ranbir Singh, Andy Fortunak,
Al Flournoy, Markus Michalewicz
This book was published using:
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Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Course Practice Environment: Security Credentials ....................................................................................i-1
Practices for Lesson 1: ASM Overview ..........................................................................................................1-1
Practices for Lesson 1....................................................................................................................................1-2
Practices for Lesson 2: Administering ASM Instances ................................................................................2-1
Practices for Lesson 2: Overview ...................................................................................................................2-2
Practice 2-1: Administering ASM Instances ...................................................................................................2-3
Practices for Lesson 3: Flex ASM ...................................................................................................................3-1
Practices for Lesson 3: Overview ...................................................................................................................3-2
Practice 3-1: Client Database Failover with Flex ASM ...................................................................................3-3
Practices for Lesson 4: Administering ASM Diskgroups Part I ...................................................................4-1
Practices for Lesson 4: Overview ...................................................................................................................4-2
Practice 4-1: Administering ASM Disk Groups ...............................................................................................4-3
Practice 4-2: Renaming the ASM Disk Groups ..............................................................................................4-9
Practices for Lesson 5: Administering ASM Diskgroups Part II ..................................................................5-1
Practices for Lesson 5: Overview ...................................................................................................................5-2
Practice 5-1: ASM Disk Group Space Management ......................................................................................5-3
Practice 5-2: Miscellaneous Administration Activities.....................................................................................5-18
Practices for Lesson 6: Administering ASM Files, Directories, and Templates .........................................6-1
Practices for Lesson 6: Overview ...................................................................................................................6-2
Practice 6-1: Administering ASM Files, Directories, and Templates ..............................................................6-3
Practice 6-2: ASM Aliasing .............................................................................................................................6-17
Practices for Lesson 7: Administering Oracle CloudFS ...............................................................................7-1
Practices for Lesson 7: Overview ...................................................................................................................7-2
Practice 7-1: Managing ACFS ........................................................................................................................7-3
Practices for Appendix A ................................................................................................................................8-1
Practices for Appendix A: Overview ...............................................................................................................8-2
Practice A-1: Configuring and Using HANFS .................................................................................................8-3
Practice A-2: Configuring and Using ASM Filter Driver ..................................................................................8-15
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Oracle Database 12c: ASM Administration Table of Contents
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Table of Contents
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For operating system (Linux) usernames and passwords, see the following:
• If you are attending a classroom-based or live virtual class, ask your instructor or LVC
producer for OS credential information.
• If you are using a self-study format, refer to the communication that you received from
Oracle University for this course.
For product-specific credentials used in this course, see the following table:
Product-Specific Credentials
Product/Application
Username
Password
Database (orcl)
SYS
oracle_4U
Database (orcl)
SYSTEM
oracle_4U
Grid
SYSASM
oracle_4U
Operating system
grid
oracle
Operating system
root
oracle
Operating system
oracle
oracle
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Course Practice Environment: Security Credentials
Chapter i - Page 1
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Course Practice Environment: Security Credentials
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Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Course Practice Environment: Security Credentials
Chapter i - Page 2
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Chapter 1
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Practices for Lesson 1: ASM Overview
Chapter 1 - Page 1
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Practices for Lesson 1: ASM
Overview
There are no practices for this lesson.
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Practices for Lesson 1
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Practices for Lesson 1: ASM Overview
Chapter 1 - Page 2
Chapter 2
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Practices for Lesson 2: Administering ASM Instances
Chapter 2 - Page 1
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Practices for Lesson 2:
Administering ASM Instances
Practices Overview
In these practices, you adjust ASM initialization parameters, stop and start instances, and
monitor the status of instances.
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Practices for Lesson 2: Overview
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Practices for Lesson 2: Administering ASM Instances
Chapter 2 - Page 2
Overview
In this practice, you adjust initialization parameters in the SPFILE, and stop and start the ASM
instances on local and remote nodes.
1.
Disk groups are reconfigured occasionally to move older data to slower disks. Even though
these operations occur at scheduled maintenance times in off-peak hours, the rebalance
operations do not complete before regular operations resume. There is some performance
impact to the regular operations. The setting for the ASM_POWER_LIMIT initialization
parameter determines the speed of the rebalance operation. Determine the current setting
and increase the speed by 2.
Log in to your assigned classroom PC as the vncuser user with the provided password.
SSH to host01 as the grid user by using the –X option. Set the environment to use the
+ASM1 instance. Connect to the +ASM1 instance as SYS with the SYSASM privilege. What
is the setting for ASM_POWER_LIMIT?
[[email protected]_pc ~]$ ssh -X [email protected]
The authenticity of host 'host01 (192.0.2.101)' can't be
established.
RSA key fingerprint is
e8:aa:00:2c:2e:5c:e4:d8:fe:fd:9b:3f:8c:8b:d4:0b.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
[email protected]'s password: ****
[[email protected] ~]$ . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [grid] ? +ASM1
The Oracle base has been set to /u01/app/grid
[[email protected] ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm
SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Mon Mar 16 09:48:14
2015
Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle. All rights reserved.
Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage
Management options
SQL> show parameter ASM_POWER_LIMIT
NAME
TYPE
VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- --------------asm_power_limit
integer
1
SQL>
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Practices for Lesson 2: Administering ASM Instances
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Practice 2-1: Administering ASM Instances
This installation uses an SPFILE. Use the ALTER SYSTEM command to change the
ASM_POWER_LIMIT for all nodes.
SQL> show parameter SPFILE
NAME
TYPE
VALUE
-------------------- ----------- --------------spfile
string
+DATA/cluster01/ASMPARAMETERFI
LE/registry.253.821741859
SQL> ALTER SYSTEM set ASM_POWER_LIMIT=3 SCOPE=BOTH SID='*';
System altered.
SQL> show parameter ASM_POWER_LIMIT
NAME
TYPE
VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- --------------asm_power_limit
integer
3
SQL>
3.
You have decided that due to other maintenance operations, you want the +ASM1 instance
to handle the bulk of the rebalance operation; so you set the ASM_POWER_LIMIT to 1 on
instances +ASM2 and +ASM3, and to 5 on instance +ASM1. Exit SQL*Plus when you have
finished.
SQL> ALTER SYSTEM set ASM_POWER_LIMIT=1 SCOPE=BOTH SID='+ASM2';
System altered.
SQL> ALTER SYSTEM set ASM_POWER_LIMIT=1 SCOPE=BOTH SID='+ASM3';
System altered.
SQL> ALTER SYSTEM set ASM_POWER_LIMIT=5 SCOPE=BOTH SID='+ASM1';
System altered.
SQL>
SQL>
SQL>
2
column NAME format A16
column VALUE format A16
select inst_id, name, value from GV$PARAMETER
where name like 'asm_power_limit';
INST_ID
---------1
2
3
NAME
---------------asm_power_limit
asm_power_limit
asm_power_limit
VALUE
---------------5
1
1
SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release
12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
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Practices for Lesson 2: Administering ASM Instances
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2.
4.
Use srvctl to view which database instances are running on each host.
[[email protected] ~]$ srvctl status database -db orcl
Instance orcl_1 is running on node host02
Instance orcl_2 is running on node host03
Instance orcl_3 is running on node host01
[[email protected] ~]$
5.
Use the srvctl stop instance command to stop the ASM instance on host01.
[[email protected] ~]$ srvctl stop asm -n host01
PRCR-1014 : Failed to stop resource ora.asm
PRCR-1065 : Failed to stop resource ora.asm
CRS-2529: Unable to act on 'ora.asm' because that would require
stopping or relocating 'ora.DATA.dg', but the force option was
not specified
6.
Re-run the srvctl stop asm command by using the –f option. Use the crsctl stat
res command to check the state of the ASM and the disk group resources on host01.
Note that the database instance is up on host01.
[[email protected] ~]$ srvctl stop asm -n host01 -f
[[email protected] ~]$ crsctl stat res -t
---------------------------------------------------------------Name
Target State
Server
State details
---------------------------------------------------------------Local Resources
---------------------------------------------------------------ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.ASMNET2LSNR_ASM.lsnr
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.DATA.dg
OFFLINE OFFLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.FRA.dg
OFFLINE OFFLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
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With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage
Management options
[[email protected] ~]$
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Practices for Lesson 2: Administering ASM Instances
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ora.LISTENER.lsnr
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.LISTENER_LEAF.lsnr
OFFLINE OFFLINE
host04
STABLE
OFFLINE OFFLINE
host05
STABLE
ora.net1.network
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.ons
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
---------------------------------------------------------------Cluster Resources
---------------------------------------------------------------ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN2.lsnr
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN3.lsnr
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ora.MGMTLSNR
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host02 169.254.40.192 192.1
STABLE
ora.asm
1
OFFLINE OFFLINE
INSTANCE SHUTDOWN,STABLE
2
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
3
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ora.cvu
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ora.gns
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ora.gns.vip
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ora.host01.vip
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ora.host02.vip
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ora.host03.vip
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.mgmtdb
1
OFFLINE OFFLINE
STABLE
ora.oc4j
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ora.orcl.db
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
Open,STABLE
2
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
Open,STABLE
3
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
Open,STABLE
ora.scan1.vip
7.
Restart the ASM instance on host01.
[[email protected] ~]$ srvctl start asm -n host01
[[email protected] ~]$
8
Execute asmca from the grid terminal. Click the ASM Instances tab. The ASM instance
should be up on host01. Note the ASM instances that are running on the cluster nodes.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmca
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1
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ora.scan2.vip
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.scan3.vip
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
---------------------------------------------------------------[[email protected] ~]$
Right-click host01 and select View Connected Databases. Note that there are no
connected database instances for host01 (+ASM1 in this example). Click Close.
10. Next, right-click host02 and select View Connected Databases. Repeat this for host03.
You should see the orcl client connections from host01 reconnected to the ASM instance
on one of these nodes. (In this example, the database instance clients on host01 (orcl_3)
are reconnected to the ASM instance on host02. Your environment may be different). Exit
ASMCA when you have finished.
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9.
[[email protected] ~]$ ssh host02
[[email protected] ~]$ . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [grid] ? +ASM3
The Oracle base has been set to /u01/app/grid
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsct data
DB_Name
+ASM
orcl
orcl
Status
Software_Version Compatible_version Instance_Name
CONNECTED
12.1.0.2.0
12.1.0.2.0
+ASM3
CONNECTED
12.1.0.2.0
12.1.0.2.0
orcl_1
CONNECTED
12.1.0.2.0
12.1.0.2.0
orcl_3
Disk_Group
DATA
DATA
DATA
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsct fra
DB_Name
Status
Software_Version Compatible_version Instance_Name Disk_Group
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11. In this example, the database connections were failed over to the ASM instance on
host02. SSH to that host and relocate the database instance connections. Run the
asmcmd lsct command to view the client connections for the DATA and FRA disk groups
that are connected to the ASM instance on host02.
Because Flex ASM will not relocate clients after an ASM instance is restarted, use
SQL*Plus to relocate the orcl_3 client connections back to host01. This statement closes
the connection between the database instance and the Flex ASM instance, triggering a
reconnection to another Flex ASM instance. Refer to step 4 for original instance-to-host
relationships. Exit SQL*Plus when you have finished.
Note: When relocating an ASM client, the relocation command must be run on the node
that is hosting the ASM instance to which the client is connected.
CONNECTED
CONNECTED
12.1.0.2.0
12.1.0.2.0
12.1.0.2.0
12.1.0.2.0
orcl_1
orcl_3
FRA
FRA
[[email protected] ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm
SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Tue Mar 17 11:23:58
2015
Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.
All rights reserved.
Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage
Management options
SQL> alter system relocate client 'orcl_3:orcl';
System altered.
SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release
12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage
Management options
[[email protected] ~]$ exit
logout
Connection to host02 closed.
[[email protected] ~]$
12. Run the asmcmd lsct command to verify that the database client connections for the
DATA and FRA disk groups have been relocated back to +ASM1 on host01.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsct data
DB_Name Status
Software_Version Compatible_version Instance_Name Disk_Group
orcl
CONNECTED
12.1.0.2.0
12.1.0.2.0
orcl_3
DATA
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsct fra
DB_Name Status
Software_Version Compatible_version Instance_Name Disk_Group
orcl
CONNECTED
12.1.0.2.0
12.1.0.2.0
orcl_3
FRA
[[email protected] ~]$
13. Close all the terminal windows that were opened for this practice.
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orcl
orcl
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Chapter 3
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Practices for Lesson 3: Flex ASM
Chapter 3 - Page 1
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Practices for Lesson 3: Flex
ASM
Practices Overview
In this practice, you crash an ASM instance and examine how the client database transparently
fails over to another Flex ASM instance.
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Practices for Lesson 3: Overview
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Practices for Lesson 3: Flex ASM
Chapter 3 - Page 2
Overview
In this practice, you crash an ASM instance and examine how the client database transparently
fails over to another Flex ASM instance.
1.
Establish a terminal session connected to host01 by using the grid OS user. Configure
the environment by using the oraenv script. Enter +ASM1 when you are prompted for an
ORACLE_SID value.
[[email protected]_pc ~]$ ssh [email protected]
[email protected]'s password: ****
Last login: Fri Aug 16 15:31:06 2013 from 192.0.2.1
[[email protected] ~]$ . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [grid] ? +ASM1
The Oracle base has been set to /u01/app/grid
[[email protected] ~]$
2.
Change to the directory that contains the scripts associated with this practice and examine
the contents of asm_clients.sql. This query shows the clients connected to all the Flex
ASM instances in the cluster.
[[email protected] ~]$ cd /stage/ASM/labs/less_03
[[email protected] less_03]$ cat asm_clients.sql
col client_instance_name format a21
col host_name format a9
col status format a9
select distinct i.host_name, i.instance_name asm_instance_name,
c.instance_name client_instance_name, c.db_name, c.status
from gv$instance i, gv$asm_client c
where i.inst_id=c.inst_id;
exit
[[email protected] less_03]$
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Practices for Lesson 3: Flex ASM
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Practice 3-1: Client Database Failover with Flex ASM
Examine the clients connected to each of the Flex ASM instances. Take note of the
connection mappings in your environment because they may differ. In particular, take note
of the database instance and the ASM instance on host02. In the following example, the
+ASM3 instance is running on host02 and the orcl_1 database instance is connected to
it. However, this may vary in your environment.
[[email protected] less_03]$ sqlplus / as sysasm @asm_clients
SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Thu Mar 19 05:21:42
2015
Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.
All rights reserved.
Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage
Management options
HOST_NAME
--------host01
host01
host02
host03
host03
ASM_INSTANCE_NAM
---------------+ASM1
+ASM1
+ASM3
+ASM2
+ASM2
CLIENT_INSTANCE_NAME
--------------------+ASM1
orcl_3
orcl_1
+ASM2
orcl_2
DB_NAME
-------+ASM
orcl
orcl
+ASM
orcl
STATUS
--------CONNECTED
CONNECTED
CONNECTED
CONNECTED
CONNECTED
Disconnected from Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release
12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage
Management options
[[email protected] less_03]$
4.
Establish another terminal session as the oracle OS user by connecting to host02. Set
the oracle environment by using the instance name identified in the previous steps.
[[email protected]_pc ~]$ ssh [email protected]
[email protected]'s password: ****
Last login: Thu Aug 15 20:35:17 2013 from 192.0.2.1
[[email protected] ~]$ . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [oracle] ? orcl
The Oracle base has been set to /u01/app/oracle
[[email protected] ~]$ export ORACLE_SID=orcl_1
[[email protected] ~]$
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3.
Change to the directory that contains the scripts associated with this practice.
[[email protected] ~]$ cd /stage/ASM/labs/less_03
[[email protected] less_03]$
6.
Connect to the RAC database instance as follows. Confirm that you are connected to the
database instance, which is a client of +ASM3 (located on host02).
[[email protected] less_03]$ sqlplus system/**password**
SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Tue Mar 24 06:41:43
2015
Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.
All rights reserved.
Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage
Management options
SQL> select instance_name from v$instance;
INSTANCE_NAME
---------------orcl_1
SQL>
7.
Start a workload by using the workload.sql script that is located in
/stage/ASM/labs/less_03. The script executes a series of transactions that flush the
buffer cache, query data, and update data.
SQL> @workload
System altered.
SYSTIMESTAMP
---------------------------------------------------------------20-AUG-13 01.45.01.990433 PM +00:00
COUNT(*) AVG(AMOUNT_SOLD)
---------- ---------------875231
109.178546
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Practices for Lesson 3: Flex ASM
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5.
Back in your grid terminal session, abort the Flex ASM instance on host02 (+ASM3).
[[email protected] less_03]$ srvctl stop asm -node host02 -stopoption
ABORT -force
[[email protected] less_03]$
9.
Confirm that no ASM instance is running on host02.
[[email protected] less_03]$ crsctl status resource ora.asm -t
---------------------------------------------------------------Name
Target State
Server
State details
---------------------------------------------------------------Cluster Resources
---------------------------------------------------------------ora.asm
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
Started,STABLE
2
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
Started,STABLE
3
OFFLINE OFFLINE
STABLE
---------------------------------------------------------------[[email protected] less_03]$
10. Back in your oracle terminal session, confirm that the workload is still running. This
demonstrates how Flex ASM improves availability by transparently failing over client
database instances if a Flex ASM instance fails.
...
SYSTIMESTAMP
---------------------------------------------------------------20-AUG-13 01.47.52.159764 PM +00:00
COUNT(*) AVG(AMOUNT_SOLD)
---------- ---------------759469
109.492706
99999 rows updated.
Commit complete.
System altered.
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8.
11. Return to your grid terminal session and re-examine the Flex ASM client connections by
using the asm_clients.sql script. Notice that the orcl_1 instance that was connected
to +ASM3 has been relocated. In the following example, the instance that was previously
connected to +ASM3 on is now connected to +ASM1 (on host01).
[[email protected] less_03]$ sqlplus / as sysasm @asm_clients
SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Tue Mar 24 06:41:43
2015
Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.
All rights reserved.
Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage
Management options
HOST_NAME
--------host01
host01
host01
host03
host03
ASM_INSTANCE_NAM
---------------+ASM1
+ASM1
+ASM1
+ASM2
+ASM2
CLIENT_INSTANCE_NAME
--------------------+ASM1
orcl_1
orcl_3
+ASM2
orcl_2
DB_NAME
-------+ASM
orcl
orcl
+ASM
orcl
STATUS
--------CONNECTED
CONNECTED
CONNECTED
CONNECTED
CONNECTED
Disconnected from Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release
12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage
Management options
[[email protected] less_03]$
12. Return to your oracle terminal session. If the workload is still running, type <Control>-C
to stop the workload. Exit the database session after stopping the workload.
SYSTIMESTAMP
---------------------------------------------------------------20-AUG-13 01.54.49.057202 PM +00:00
COUNT(*) AVG(AMOUNT_SOLD)
---------- ---------------Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Practices for Lesson 3: Flex ASM
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SYSTIMESTAMP
---------------------------------------------------------------20-AUG-13 01.49.17.850055 PM +00:00
...
378.622356
^C
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01013: user requested cancel of current operation
SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release
12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage
Management options
[[email protected] less_03]$
13. Return to your grid terminal session and restart the Flex ASM instance that you stopped
earlier in this practice.
[[email protected] less_03]$ srvctl start asm -node host02
[[email protected] less_03]$
14. Confirm that Flex ASM is again running on host02.
[[email protected] less_03]$ srvctl status asm
ASM is running on host01,host02,host03
[[email protected] less_03]$
15. Re-examine the Flex ASM client connections. Notice that no orcl database instances are
connected to the newly started Flex ASM instance +ASM3. This is because Flex ASM does
not redistribute clients when an ASM instance is added.
[[email protected] less_03]$ sqlplus / as sysasm @asm_clients
SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Tue Mar 24 06:41:43
2015
Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.
All rights reserved.
Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage
Management options
HOST_NAME ASM_INSTANCE_NAM CLIENT_INSTANCE_NAME DB_NAME STATUS
--------- ---------------- --------------------- -------- --------host01
+ASM1
+ASM1
+ASM
CONNECTED
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20437
+ASM1
+ASM1
+ASM2
+ASM2
orcl_1
orcl_3
+ASM2
orcl_2
orcl
orcl
+ASM
orcl
CONNECTED
CONNECTED
CONNECTED
CONNECTED
Disconnected from Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release
12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage
Management options
[[email protected] less_03]$
16. Referring to the client connection output in step 15, you can see that there are two
database client connections to +ASM1 on host01: orcl_1 and orcl_3. From your
host01 grid terminal, relocate the reconnected database client connection back to the
original host.
Remember: When relocating an ASM client, the relocation command must be run on
the node that is hosting the ASM instance to which the client is connected.
[[email protected] less_03]$
[[email protected] less_03]$ sqlplus / as sysasm
SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Tue Mar 24 08:37:11
2015
Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.
All rights reserved.
Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage
Management options
SQL> alter system relocate client 'orcl_1:orcl';
System altered.
SQL>
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host01
host01
host03
host03
SQL> @asm_clients
HOST_NAME
--------host01
host01
host02
host03
host03
ASM_INSTANCE_NAM
---------------+ASM1
+ASM1
+ASM3
+ASM2
+ASM2
CLIENT_INSTANCE_NAME
--------------------+ASM1
orcl_3
orcl_1
+ASM2
orcl_2
DB_NAME
-------+ASM
orcl
orcl
+ASM
orcl
STATUS
--------CONNECTED
CONNECTED
CONNECTED
CONNECTED
CONNECTED
Disconnected from Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release
12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage
Management options
[[email protected] less_03]$
Congratulations! You have exercised client database failover with Flex ASM.
18. Close all terminal windows opened for this practice.
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17. Re-examine the Flex ASM client connections. Confirm that a proxy and a database client
connection exist for each ASM instance. We are not concerned with the ASM-to-ASM client
connection in this practice.
Chapter 4
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Practices for Lesson 4: Administering ASM Diskgroups Part I
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Practices for Lesson 4:
Administering ASM
Diskgroups Part I
Practices Overview
In these practices, you add, configure, and remove disk groups, manage rebalance operations,
and monitor disk and disk group I/O statistics.
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Practices for Lesson 4: Overview
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Practices for Lesson 4: Administering ASM Diskgroups Part I
Chapter 4 - Page 2
Overview
In this practice, you change the configuration of a disk group and control the resulting rebalance
operations. You determine the connected clients to the existing disk groups and perform disk
group checks.
Because the asmadmin group has only one member, grid, open a terminal window and
become the grid OS user for this practice.
1.
Open a terminal session from your desktop to host01 as the grid user and use oraenv
to set your environment. Use the asmcmd lsdg command to check the currently configured
disk groups.
[[email protected]_pc ~]$ ssh -X [email protected]
[email protected]'s password:
Last login: Tue Mar 17 12:48:32 2015 from 192.0.2.1
[[email protected] ~]$ . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [grid] ? +ASM1
The Oracle base has been set to /u01/app/grid
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsdg
State
Type
Rebal Sector Block
AU Total_MB
Free_MB Req_mir_free_MB Usable_file_MB Offline_disks
Voting_files Name
MOUNTED NORMAL N
512
4096 1048576
27000
8055
2700
2677
0
Y DATA/
MOUNTED EXTERN N
512
4096 1048576
8100
7619
0
7619
0
N FRA/
[[email protected] ~]$
2.
Use the asmcmd lsdsk command to view the disks that belong to the DATA disk group.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsdsk -k -G DATA
Total_MB Free_MB OS_MB Name
Failgroup Failgroup_Type
Library Label UDID Product Redund
Path
2700
790
2700 DATA_0000 DATA_0000 REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk1p1
2700
772
2700 DATA_0001 DATA_0001 REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk1p10
2700
782
2700 DATA_0002 DATA_0002 REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk1p11
2700
818
2700 DATA_0003 DATA_0003 REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk1p12
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Practice 4-1: Administering ASM Disk Groups
3.
2700
2700
2700
2700
2700
2700
DATA_0004 DATA_0004 REGULAR
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk1p2
DATA_0005 DATA_0005 REGULAR
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk1p3
DATA_0006 DATA_0006 REGULAR
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk1p4
DATA_0007 DATA_0007 REGULAR
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk1p5
DATA_0008 DATA_0008 REGULAR
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk1p6
DATA_0009 DATA_0009 REGULAR
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk1p7
Now drop DATA_0000. Use the chdg command with inline XML. Use a power level of 5.
Note that the command is typed without a return, all on one line.
chdg '<chdg name="DATA" power="5"><drop><fg name="DATA_0000">
</fg><dsk name="DATA_0000"/></drop></chdg>'
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd
ASMCMD> chdg '<chdg name="DATA" power="5"><drop><fg
name="DATA_0000"></fg><dsk name="DATA_0000"/></drop></chdg>'
Diskgroup altered.
ASMCMD> exit
[[email protected] ~]$
4.
Next, you add another disk to the DATA disk group. Perform a disk check to verify the disk
group metadata. Use the check disk group command chkdg.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd chkdg data
Diskgroup altered.
[[email protected] ~]$
5.
Add another disk (/dev/asmdisk2p2) to the DATA disk group and remove a disk
(DATA_0004: /dev/asmdisk1p2), but the rebalance operation must wait until a quiet
time, and then proceed as quickly as possible. As the grid user, use SQL*Plus to connect
to the ASM instance on host01 and perform the following operations:
[[email protected] ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm
SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.1.0 Production on Thu Aug 29 12:19:47
2013
...
SQL> ALTER DISKGROUP DATA ADD DISK '/dev/asmdisk2p2' REBALANCE
POWER 0;
Diskgroup altered.
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2700
821
System
2700
812
System
2700
811
System
2700
806
System
2700
820
System
2700
823
System
[[email protected] ~]$
Diskgroup altered.
SQL>
6.
Next, start the rebalance operations on the DATA disk group. Specify a power of 6. Query
the V$ASM_OPERATION view to monitor the rebalance.
SQL> alter diskgroup DATA rebalance power 6;
Diskgroup altered.
SQL> SELECT group_number, operation, state, power, est_minutes
FROM v$asm_operation;
GROUP_NUMBER
-----------1
1
1
OPERA
----REBAL
REBAL
REBAL
STAT
POWER EST_MINUTES
---- ---------- ----------DONE
6
0
RUN
6
11
WAIT
6
0
*******Wait a few moments********
SQL> SELECT group_number, operation, state, power, est_minutes
FROM v$asm_operation;
GROUP_NUMBER
-----------1
1
1
OPERA
----REBAL
REBAL
REBAL
STAT
POWER EST_MINUTES
---- ---------- ----------DONE
6
0
RUN
6
5
WAIT
6
0
SQL>
7.
Change the rebalance power to 1024. Again, query the V$ASM_OPERATION view to monitor
the rebalance.
SQL> alter diskgroup DATA rebalance power 1024;
Diskgroup altered.
SQL> SELECT group_number, operation, state, power, est_minutes
FROM v$asm_operation;
GROUP_NUMBER OPERA STAT
POWER EST_MINUTES
------------ ----- ---- ---------- ----------1 REBAL DONE
1024
0
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SQL> ALTER DISKGROUP DATA DROP DISK DATA_0004 REBALANCE POWER 0;
1024
1024
4
0
*******Wait a few minutes********
SQL> SELECT group_number, operation, state, power, est_minutes
FROM v$asm_operation;
GROUP_NUMBER
-----------1
1
1
OPERA
----REBAL
REBAL
REBAL
STAT
POWER EST_MINUTES
---- ---------- ----------DONE
1024
0
RUN
1024
2
WAIT
1024
0
*******Wait a few minutes********
SQL> SELECT group_number, operation, state, power, est_minutes
FROM v$asm_operation;
no rows selected
SQL> exit
[[email protected] ~]$
8.
Go to your grid terminal window and examine the disk I/O statistics by using the asmcmd
lsdsk --statistics command. Not surprisingly, the disks in the DATA disk group
show the most activity.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsdsk --statistics
Reads Write Read_Errs Write_Errs
Read_time Write_Time
Bytes_Read Bytes_Written Voting_File Path
13824
5887
0
0
252.44693 444.577599
484007424
509597184
Y /dev/asmdisk1p10
708
2802
0
0
93.605101
421.26729
324582912
491016704
Y /dev/asmdisk1p11
808
2044
0
0
93.07415 337.580047
292716544
466189824
Y /dev/asmdisk1p12
821
5295
0
0
93.831341 451.198044
280293376
498590720
N /dev/asmdisk1p3
1363
2626
0
0 110.744481
396.97132
309116928
477343744
N /dev/asmdisk1p4
1059
2397
0
0 118.289162 372.304751
365367808
507976192
N /dev/asmdisk1p5
11717
2310
0
0 164.735054
398.36373
429179904
431198720
N /dev/asmdisk1p6
671
5810
0
0
77.955839 468.742158
234721280
479870464
N /dev/asmdisk1p7
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1 REBAL RUN
1 REBAL WAIT
9.
0
5627904
0
.817466
26.992744
/dev/asmdisk1p8
0
.597165
5.451437
N /dev/asmdisk1p9
0
4.297708 124.916551
N /dev/asmdisk2p1
0
33.057136 675.414876
N /dev/asmdisk2p2
N
0
4783616
0
65451520
0
2188827136
~]$
Examine the disk statistics bytes and time for the DATA disk group with the asmcmd
iostat –t –G DATA command.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd iostat -t
Group_Name Dsk_Name
Reads
Write_Time
DATA
DATA_0001 485613056
444.806285
DATA
DATA_0002 324591104
421.26729
DATA
DATA_0003 292716544
337.584195
DATA
DATA_0005 280293376
451.198044
DATA
DATA_0006 309116928
397.19733
DATA
DATA_0007 365367808
372.304751
DATA
DATA_0008 430949376
398.36373
DATA
DATA_0009 234729472
468.963106
DATA
DATA_0010 18051072
675.423611
[[email protected] ~]$
-G DATA
Writes
Read_Time
510044160
252.918132
491016704
93.622349
466206208
93.07415
498590720
93.831341
477802496
110.744481
507976192
118.289162
431198720
164.983222
480312832
77.962452
2188831744
33.314866
10. In this practice, you dropped /dev/asmdisk1p1 (DATA_0000, Step 3) and
/dev/asmdisk1p2 (DATA_0004, Step 5). You also added /dev/asmdisk2p2. Execute
asmcmd lsdsk -G data –k to confirm the dropped disks and identify the disk name
assigned to /dev/asmdisk2p2.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsdsk -G data -k
Total_MB Free_MB OS_MB Name
Failgroup Failgroup_Type
Library Label UDID Product Redund
Path
2700
569
2700 DATA_0001 DATA_0001 REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk1p10
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22
698
91136
18
349
73728
199
3868
3371008
951
3304
16723968
[[email protected]
2700
2700
2700
2700
2700
2700
2700
2700
DATA_0002 DATA_0002 REGULAR
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk1p11
DATA_0003 DATA_0003 REGULAR
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk1p12
DATA_0005 DATA_0005 REGULAR
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk1p3
DATA_0006 DATA_0006 REGULAR
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk1p4
DATA_0007 DATA_0007 REGULAR
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk1p5
DATA_0008 DATA_0008 REGULAR
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk1p6
DATA_0009 DATA_0009 REGULAR
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk1p7
DATA_0010 DATA_0010 REGULAR
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p2
11. Run the following SQL*Plus commands to return the DATA and DATA disk groups to the
configuration at the beginning of the practice. (Use the disk name associated with
/dev/asmdisk2p2 in the DROP command. In this example, it is DISK_0010.)
[[email protected] ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm
SQL> alter diskgroup data drop disk DATA_0010 rebalance power
1024;
Diskgroup altered.
SQL> ALTER DISKGROUP DATA ADD DISK '/dev/asmdisk1p1' REBALANCE
POWER 1024;
Diskgroup altered.
SQL> ALTER DISKGROUP DATA ADD DISK '/dev/asmdisk1p2' REBALANCE
POWER 1024;
Diskgroup altered.
SQL> exit
[[email protected] ~]$
12. Close all the terminal windows that were opened for this practice.
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2700
573
System
2700
574
System
2700
607
System
2700
604
System
2700
605
System
2700
602
System
2700
609
System
2700
615
System
[[email protected] ~]$
Overview
In this practice, you create a new disk group, and then rename the new disk group.
1.
Open a terminal session from your desktop to host01 as the grid user and use oraenv
to set your environment. Use the asmcmd lsdg command to check the currently configured
disk groups.
Note: A rebal might still be active on the DATA disk group. You may disregard it if so.
[[email protected]_pc ~]$ ssh -X [email protected]
[email protected]'s password:
Last login: Tue Mar 17 12:48:32 2015 from 192.0.2.1
[[email protected] ~]$ . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [grid] ? +ASM1
The Oracle base has been set to /u01/app/grid
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsdg
State
Type
Rebal Sector Block
AU Total_MB
Free_MB Req_mir_free_MB Usable_file_MB Offline_disks
Voting_files Name
MOUNTED NORMAL N
512
4096 1048576
27000
9784
2700
3542
0
Y DATA/
MOUNTED EXTERN N
512
4096 1048576
8100
7619
0
7619
0
N FRA/
[[email protected] ~]$
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Practice 4-2: Renaming the ASM Disk Groups
Use asmca to create a disk group called DATA2 by using normal redundancy and the disks
shown as follows:
[[email protected] ~]$ asmca
3.
Use the asmcmd lsdg command again to check the currently configured disk groups.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsdg
State
Type
Rebal Sector Block
AU Total_MB
Free_MB Req_mir_free_MB Usable_file_MB Offline_disks
Voting_files Name
MOUNTED NORMAL N
512
4096 1048576
27000
9784
2700
3542
0
Y DATA/
MOUNTED NORMAL N
512
4096 1048576
1950
1536
650
443
0
N DATA2/
MOUNTED EXTERN N
512
4096 1048576
8100
7619
0
7619
0
N FRA/
[[email protected] ~]$
4.
Unmount the DATA2 disk group on all nodes.
[[email protected] ~]$ srvctl stop diskgroup -diskgroup DATA2
[[email protected] ~]$
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2.
Rename the DATA2 disk group to DG2 by using the renamedg command in two phases.
Start the first phase as follows. Be sure to specify a file name for the config parameter.
[[email protected] ~]$ renamedg phase=one dgname=DATA2 newdgname=DG2
confirm=true config=/tmp/renamedg verbose=true
asm_diskstring='/dev/asmdisk*'
Parsing parameters..
Parameters in effect:
Old DG name
: DATA2
New DG name
: DG2
Phases
:
Phase 1
Discovery str
: /dev/asmdisk*
Confirm
: TRUE
Clean
: TRUE
Raw only
: TRUE
renamedg operation: phase=one dgname=DATA2 newdgname=DG2
confirm=true config=/tmp/renamedg verbose=true
asm_diskstring=/dev/asmdisk*
Executing phase 1
Discovering the group
Performing discovery with string:/dev/asmdisk*
Identified disk UFS:/dev/asmdisk2p9 with disk number:3 and
timestamp (33018602 -1175277568)
Identified disk UFS:/dev/asmdisk2p10 with disk number:0 and
timestamp (33018602 -1175277568)
Identified disk UFS:/dev/asmdisk2p8 with disk number:2 and
timestamp (33018602 -1175277568)
Identified disk UFS:/dev/asmdisk2p11 with disk number:1 and
timestamp (33018602 -1175277568)
Checking for hearbeat...
Re-discovering the group
Performing discovery with string:/dev/asmdisk*
Identified disk UFS:/dev/asmdisk2p9 with disk number:3 and
timestamp (33018602 -1175277568)
Identified disk UFS:/dev/asmdisk2p10 with disk number:0 and
timestamp (33018602 -1175277568)
Identified disk UFS:/dev/asmdisk2p8 with disk number:2 and
timestamp (33018602 -1175277568)
Identified disk UFS:/dev/asmdisk2p11 with disk number:1 and
timestamp (33018602 -1175277568)
Checking if the diskgroup is mounted or used by CSS
Checking disk number:3
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5.
[[email protected] ~]$
6.
Take a look at the contents of the /tmp/renamedg file that was created in phase one by
the renamedg command.
[gri[email protected] ~]$ cat /tmp/renamedg
/dev/asmdisk2p9 DATA2 DG2
/dev/asmdisk2p10 DATA2 DG2
/dev/asmdisk2p8 DATA2 DG2
/dev/asmdisk2p11 DATA2 DG2
[[email protected] ~]$
7.
Use renamedg to start phase two by using the same configuration file. You can leave out
the asm_diskstring parameter.
[[email protected] ~]$ renamedg phase=two dgname=DATA2 newdgname=DG2
confirm=true config=/tmp/renamedg verbose=true
Parsing parameters..
Parameters in effect:
Old DG name
: DATA2
New DG name
: DG2
Phases
:
Phase 2
Discovery str
: (null)
Confirm
: TRUE
Clean
: TRUE
Raw only
: TRUE
renamedg operation: phase=two dgname=DATA2 newdgname=DG2
confirm=true config=/tmp/renamedg verbose=true
Executing phase 2
Looking for /dev/asmdisk2p9
Modifying the header
Looking for /dev/asmdisk2p10
Modifying the header
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Checking disk number:0
Checking disk number:2
Checking disk number:1
Generating configuration file..
Completed phase 1
Terminating kgfd context 0x7f506e45a0a0
[[email protected] ~]$
8.
Use the asmcmd lsdg command to list mounted disk groups.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsdg
State
Type
Rebal Sector Block
AU Total_MB
Free_MB Req_mir_free_MB Usable_file_MB Offline_disks
Voting_files Name
MOUNTED NORMAL N
512
4096 1048576
27000
9764
2700
3532
0
Y DATA/
MOUNTED EXTERN N
512
4096 1048576
8100
7619
0
7619
0
N FRA/
[[email protected] ~]$
Note that the newly renamed DG2 disk group is not mounted.
9.
Mount the newly renamed disk group, DG2, on all nodes. What do you observe? Note that
the renamedg command only renames the disk group. It does not create the disk group
resource. Check the resources with the crsctl command.
[[email protected] ~]$ srvctl start diskgroup -diskgroup DG2
PRCA-1000 : ASM Disk Group DG2 does not exist
PRCR-1001 : Resource ora.DG2.dg does not exist
[[email protected] ~]$ crsctl stat res -t|more
------------------------------------------------------------------Name
Target State
Server
State
details
------------------------------------------------------------------Local Resources
------------------------------------------------------------------ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.ASMNET2LSNR_ASM.lsnr
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
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Looking for /dev/asmdisk2p8
Modifying the header
Looking for /dev/asmdisk2p11
Modifying the header
Completed phase 2
Terminating kgfd context 0x7fa593fe10a0
ONLINE
ONLINE
host02
host03
STABLE
STABLE
ONLINE
ONLINE
ONLINE
ONLINE
ONLINE
ONLINE
host01
host02
host03
STABLE
STABLE
STABLE
host01
host02
host03
STABLE
STABLE
STABLE
ora.DATA.dg
ora.DATA2.dg
OFFLINE OFFLINE
OFFLINE OFFLINE
OFFLINE OFFLINE
...
[[email protected] ~]$
10. Use srvctl to remove the old DATA2 disk group resource.
[[email protected] ~]$ srvctl remove diskgroup -diskgroup DATA2
[[email protected] ~]$
11. Use the asmcmd mount command to mount the disk group on the local node. Use crsctl
to inspect the resources again. What do you see?
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd mount DG2
[[email protected] ~]$ crsctl stat res -t
------------------------------------------------------------------Name
Target State
Server
State
details
------------------------------------------------------------------Local Resources
------------------------------------------------------------------ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.ASMNET2LSNR_ASM.lsnr
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.DATA.dg
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.DG2.dg
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ONLINE
ONLINE
host01
host02
host03
STABLE
STABLE
STABLE
ONLINE
ONLINE
ONLINE
host01
host02
host03
STABLE
STABLE
STABLE
ora.FRA.dg
ONLINE
ONLINE
ONLINE
Mounting the DG2 disk group creates the renamed disk group resource. However, it is
mounted only on the first (local) node.
12. Now you can use the srvctl command to mount the DG2 disk group on all nodes.
[[email protected] ~]$ srvctl start diskgroup -diskgroup DG2
[[email protected] ~]$ crsctl stat res -t
---------------------------------------------------------------Name
Target State
Server
State
details
---------------------------------------------------------------Local Resources
---------------------------------------------------------------ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.ASMNET2LSNR_ASM.lsnr
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.DATA.dg
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.DG2.dg
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
...
[[email protected] ~]$
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ONLINE ONLINE
OFFLINE OFFLINE
OFFLINE OFFLINE
[[email protected] ~]$ srvctl stop diskgroup -diskgroup DG2
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd dropdg -r -f DG2
[[email protected] ~]$
14. Close all the terminals that were opened for this practice.
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13. Drop the DG2 disk group.
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Chapter 4 - Page 16
Chapter 5
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Practices for Lesson 5: Administering ASM Diskgroups Part II
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Practices for Lesson 5:
Administering ASM
Diskgroups Part II
Practices Overview
In these practices, you add, configure, and remove disk groups, manage rebalance operations,
and monitor disk and disk group I/O statistics.
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Practices for Lesson 5: Overview
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Practices for Lesson 5: Administering ASM Diskgroups Part II
Chapter 5 - Page 2
Overview
In this practice, you investigate ASM disk group space management.
1.
Open a terminal session from your desktop to host01 as the grid user and use oraenv
to set your environment. Use the asmcmd lsdg command to check the currently configured
disk groups.
[[email protected]_pc ~]$ ssh -X [email protected]
[email protected]'s password:
Last login: Fri Aug 16 15:30:44 2013 from 192.0.2.1
[[email protected] ~]$ . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [grid] ? +ASM1
The Oracle base has been set to /u01/app/grid
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd
ASMCMD> lsdg
State
Type
Rebal Sector Block
AU Total_MB
Free_MB Req_mir_free_MB Usable_file_MB Offline_disks
Voting_files Name
MOUNTED NORMAL N
512
4096 1048576
27270
13603
2745
5429
0
Y DATA/
MOUNTED EXTERN N
512
4096 1048576
8117
7636
0
7636
0
N FRA/
ASMCMD> exit
[[email protected] ~]$
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Practice 5-1: ASM Disk Group Space Management
Start ASMCA and create a disk group, called TEST, by using EXTERNAL redundancy,
using the six unused 650 Mb disks that are available: asmdisk2p10, asmdisk2p11, and
asmdisk2p3 to asmdisk2p6 (do not use asmdisk2p2). Exit ASMCA when you have
finished.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmca
3.
Use the asmcmd lsdg command to view the disk group space values for the TEST disk
group. What is the total disk space in the disk group? How much is actually available?
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsdg test
State
Type
Rebal Sector Block
AU Total_MB
Free_MB Req_mir_free_MB Usable_file_MB Offline_disks
Voting_files Name
MOUNTED EXTERN N
512
4096 1048576
3900
3747
0
3747
0
N TEST/
[[email protected] ~]$
The TOTAL_MB column shows that the size of the disk group is 3900 MB. The available
space, which is shown under the Usable_file_MB column, is actually 3747. In this
example, 153 MB is consumed by ASM metadata for the disk group.
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2.
Stop the TEST resource, and then drop the TEST disk group. Make sure that the disk group
resource has been removed.
[[email protected] ~]$ srvctl stop diskgroup -diskgroup TEST
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd dropdg -r -f TEST
[[email protected] ~]$ crsctl stat res ora.TEST.dg -t
CRS-2613: Could not find resource 'ora.TEST.dg'.
[[email protected] ~]$
5.
Next, create a disk group called TEST2 by using normal redundancy. Use the six 650 MB
disks that were used in step 2 (asmdisk2p10, asmdisk2p11, asmdisk2p3,
asmdisk2p4, asmdisk2p5, and asmdisk2p6). Name the failure groups FGRP1, FGRP2,
FGRP3, FGRP4, FGRP5, and FGRP6, respectively. Use ASMCA to create the disk group.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmca
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4.
Use the asmcmd lsdg command to view space information for the TEST2 disk group.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsdg test2
State
Type
Rebal Sector Block
AU Total_MB
Free_MB Req_mir_free_MB Usable_file_MB Offline_disks
Voting_files Name
MOUNTED NORMAL N
512
4096 1048576
3900
3741
650
1545
0
N TEST2/
[[email protected] ~]$
The TOTAL_MB column shows the sum of the total size of the member disks (3900 MB).
Free_MB shows how much disk space is unused (3741 MB). Because of disk group
redundancy, this is not the usable space that is available. That number is shown under the
Usable_file_MB column (1545 MB). The value of Req_mir_free_MB (650 MB)
represents the amount of free space that is required for ASM to restore redundancy in the
event of a failure.
7.
In the previous step, you determined that Req_mir_free_MB is equal to 650 MB. What is
significant about this value? Execute the following SQL command: select
failgroup,sum(total_mb) from v$asm_disk where failgroup like
'FGRP%' group by failgroup;
[[email protected] ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm
SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Mon Apr 6 12:41:37
2015
Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.
All rights reserved.
Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage
Management options
SQL> select failgroup,sum(total_mb) from v$asm_disk where
failgroup like 'FGRP%' group by failgroup;
FAILGROUP
SUM(TOTAL_MB)
------------------------------ ------------FGRP1
650
FGRP2
650
FGRP3
650
FGRP4
650
FGRP5
650
FGRP6
650
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6.
SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release
12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage
Management options
[[email protected] ~]$
From step 6, the value of Req_mir_free_MB is 650 MB, which is the size of a single
failure group (and a single disk in this example).
8.
Open a terminal to host01 as the oracle user. Set the oracle environment by using
oraenv.
[[email protected]_pc ~]$ ssh [email protected]
[email protected]'s password:
[[email protected] ~]$ . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [oracle] ? orcl
The Oracle base has been set to /u01/app/oracle
[[email protected] ~]$
9.
Start SQL*Plus and add a tablespace called TESTTB with an 800 MB data file in the
TEST2 disk group.
[[email protected] ~]$ sqlplus sys/[email protected] as sysdba
SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.1.0 Production on Wed Nov 20 22:11:53
2013
Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.
All rights reserved.
Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.1.0 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic
Storage Management, OLAP,
Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options
SQL> create tablespace TESTTB datafile '+TEST2' size 800m;
Tablespace created.
SQL>
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6 rows selected.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsdg test2
State
Type
Rebal Sector Block
AU Total_MB
Free_MB Req_mir_free_MB Usable_file_MB Offline_disks
Voting_files Name
MOUNTED NORMAL N
512
4096 1048576
3900
2133
650
741
0
N TEST2/
[[email protected] ~]$
The Usable_file_MB column shows that the available space has dropped to 741 MB.
11. Return to the oracle terminal and add another 800 MB datafile to the TESTTB tablespace.
What do you think will happen?
SQL> alter tablespace TESTTB add datafile '+TEST2' size 800m;
Tablespace altered.
SQL>
Even though Usable_file_MB is 741 MB, you were able to create the 800 MB datafile.
ASM only monitors Usable_file_MB and does not stop users from exhausting the usable
space.
12. Return to the grid terminal and use the asmcmd lsdg command to check space
information for the TEST2 disk group once again. What does it show?
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsdg test2
State
Type
Rebal Sector Block
AU Total_MB
Free_MB Req_mir_free_MB Usable_file_MB Offline_disks
Voting_files Name
MOUNTED NORMAL N
512
4096 1048576
3900
528
650
-61
0
N TEST2/
[[email protected] ~]$
The Usable_file_MB column now shows a negative value, -61 MB. If a failure were to
occur now, ASM would be unable to restore redundancy for the disk group. It is obviously
important to monitor Usable_file_MB for normal (or high) redundancy disk groups.
13. When Usable_file_MB becomes negative, you should either free up adequate space or
increase the size of the disk group. For this exercise, you drop the TESTTB tablespace in
the oracle terminal, and then re-check by using asmcmd lsdg from the grid terminal.
SQL> drop tablespace TESTTB;
Tablespace dropped.
SQL> exit
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10. Return to the grid terminal and use the asmcmd lsdg command to check space information
for the TEST2 disk group. How much usable space is left?
********SWITCH TERMINAL WINDOWS************
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsdg test2
State
Type
Rebal Sector Block
AU Total_MB
Free_MB Req_mir_free_MB Usable_file_MB Offline_disks
Voting_files Name
MOUNTED NORMAL N
512
4096 1048576
3900
3738
650
1544
0
N TEST2/
[[email protected] ~]$
Usable_file_MB now shows that the available space has increased to 1544 MB.
14. Switch to the oracle terminal window and use srvctl to remove dependencies between
the database resource and the TEST2 disk group.
Switch back to the grid terminal and drop the TEST2 disk group. Make sure that the TEST2
resource has been removed.
Create a disk group with ASMCA, called TEST3, by using normal redundancy and the
same six disks that were used to create TEST2. This time, however, configure three failure
groups (FGRP1, FGRP2, and FGRP3) with two disks each. Exit ASMCA when you have
finished.
[[email protected] ~]$ srvctl modify database -d orcl -a 'DATA,FRA'
********SWITCH TERMINAL WINDOWS************
[[email protected] ~]$ srvctl stop diskgroup -diskgroup TEST2
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd dropdg -r -f TEST2
[[email protected] ~]$ crsctl stat res ora.TEST2.dg -t
CRS-2613: Could not find resource 'ora.TEST2.dg'.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmca
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[[email protected] ~]$
[[email protected] ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm
SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Mon Apr 6 14:20:45
2015
Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.
All rights reserved.
Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage
Management options
SQL> select failgroup,sum(total_mb) from v$asm_disk where
failgroup like 'FGRP%' group by failgroup;
FAILGROUP
SUM(TOTAL_MB)
------------------------------ ------------Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
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15. Next, take a look at the size of the failure groups in the new disk group by using the
following query:
1300
1300
1300
SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release
12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage
Management options
[[email protected] ~]$
All three failure groups are 1300 MB.
16. Use the asmcmd lsdg command to check space information for the TEST3 disk group
once again. What does it show?
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsdg test3
State
Type
Rebal Sector Block
AU Total_MB
Free_MB Req_mir_free_MB Usable_file_MB Offline_disks
Voting_files Name
MOUNTED NORMAL N
512
4096 1048576
3900
3477
1300
1088
0
N TEST3/
[[email protected] ~]$
As expected, the Req_mir_free_MB value is 1300 MB, which is the same size as a disk
group. Usable_file_MB for the disk group TEST3 is 1088 MB.
17. Drop the TEST3 disk group. Make sure that the TEST3 resource has been removed.
Create a disk group with ASMCA, called TEST4, by using normal redundancy and the
same six disks that were used to create TEST3. This time, however, configure two failure
groups (FGRP1 and FGRP2) with three disks each. Exit ASMCA when you have finished.
[[email protected] ~]$ srvctl stop diskgroup -diskgroup TEST3
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd dropdg -r -f TEST3
[[email protected] ~]$ crsctl stat res ora.TEST3.dg -t
CRS-2613: Could not find resource 'ora.TEST3.dg'.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmca
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FGRP1
FGRP2
FGRP3
[[email protected] ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm
SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Mon Apr 6 14:45:17
2015
Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.
All rights reserved.
Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage
Management options
SQL> select failgroup,sum(total_mb) from v$asm_disk where
failgroup like 'FGRP%' group by failgroup;
FAILGROUP
SUM(TOTAL_MB)
------------------------------ ------------Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
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18. Again, take a look at the size of the failure groups in the new disk group by using the
following query.
1950
1950
SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release
12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage
Management options
[[email protected] ~]$
The two failure groups are 1950 MB.
19. Use the asmcmd lsdg command to check space information for the TEST4 disk group
once again. What does it show now?
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsdg test4
State
Type
Rebal Sector Block
AU Total_MB
Free_MB Req_mir_free_MB Usable_file_MB Offline_disks
Voting_files Name
MOUNTED NORMAL N
512
4096 1048576
3900
3612
650
1481
0
N TEST4/
[[email protected] ~]$
Req_mir_free_MB now is only 650 (the size of a single disk) instead of the size of one
failure group (1950 MB) as you might think. It appears that ASM anticipates the failure of
only a single disk and no longer anticipates the failure of a complete failure group. Why is
that? ASM implements mirroring by storing the same data in different failure groups. A
normal redundancy disk group requires at least two failure groups. How can ASM restore
redundancy in a normal redundancy disk group when there is only one failure group left? In
this case, this is not possible; so ASM anticipates the loss of only a single disk.
20. Next, you investigate space management in high redundancy disk groups. Drop the TEST4
disk group. Make sure that the TEST4 resource has been removed. Create a disk group
with ASMCA, called TEST5, by using high redundancy and the same six disks that were
used to create TEST4. Configure six failure groups (FGRP1, FGRP2, FGRP3, FGRP4,
FGRP5, and FGRP6) with one disk each. Exit ASMCA when you have finished.
[[email protected] ~]$ srvctl stop diskgroup -diskgroup TEST4
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd dropdg -r -f TEST4
[[email protected] ~]$ crsctl stat res ora.TEST4.dg -t
CRS-2613: Could not find resource 'ora.TEST4.dg'.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmca
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FGRP1
FGRP2
[[email protected] ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm
SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Tue Apr 7 06:15:40
2015
Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.
All rights reserved.
Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage
Management options
SQL> select failgroup,sum(total_mb) from v$asm_disk where
failgroup like 'FGRP%' group by failgroup;
FAILGROUP
SUM(TOTAL_MB)
------------------------------ ------------Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
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21. Next, take a look at the size of the failure groups in the new disk group by using the
following query:
650
650
650
650
650
650
6 rows selected.
SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release
12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage
Management options
[[email protected] ~]$
All six failure groups are 650 MB.
22. How do you suppose that the required free and usable disk space in our high redundancy
disk group will compare to a normal redundancy disk group with the same number of disks
and disk groups? Use the asmcmd lsdg command to check space information for the
TEST5 disk group. Compare these values with those returned in step 6 for the normal
redundancy disk group.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsdg test5
State
Type Rebal Sector Block
AU Total_MB Free_MB
Req_mir_free_MB Usable_file_MB Offline_disks Voting_files
Name
MOUNTED HIGH N
512
4096 1048576
3900
3477
1300
725
0
N TEST5/
[[email protected] ~]$
Note that Req_mir_free_MB is now 1300 MB (compared to 650 MB in the normal
redundancy disk group), which is the size of two failure groups. High redundancy disk
groups can lose two failure groups before data availability is adversely affected.
23. Stop the TEST5 disk group resource and drop the disk group. Make sure that the TEST5
resource has been removed. Finally, create a disk group with ASMCA, called TEST6, by
using high redundancy and all nine of the 650 MB disks. Configure three failure groups
(FGRP1, FGRP2, and FGRP3) with three disks each. Exit ASMCA when you have finished.
[[email protected] ~]$ srvctl stop diskgroup -diskgroup TEST5
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd dropdg -r -f TEST5
[[email protected] ~]$ crsctl stat res ora.TEST5.dg -t
CRS-2613: Could not find resource 'ora.TEST5.dg'.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmca
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FGRP1
FGRP2
FGRP3
FGRP4
FGRP5
FGRP6
[[email protected] ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm
SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Tue Apr 7 06:53:59
2015
Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.
All rights reserved.
Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage
Management options
SQL> select failgroup,sum(total_mb) from v$asm_disk where
failgroup like 'FGRP%' group by failgroup;
FAILGROUP
SUM(TOTAL_MB)
------------------------------ ------------Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
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24. Next, take a look at the size of the failure groups in the new disk group by using the
following query:
1950
1950
1950
SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release
12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage
Management options
[[email protected] ~]$
All three failure groups are 1950 MB.
25. Use the asmcmd lsdg command to check space information for the TEST6 disk group.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsdg test6
State
Type Rebal Sector Block
AU Total_MB Free_MB
Req_mir_free_MB Usable_file_MB Offline_disks Voting_files
Name
MOUNTED HIGH N
512
4096 1048576
5850
5418
1300
1372
0
N TEST6/
[[email protected] ~]$
Note that Req_mir_free_MB is now 1300 MB, which is the size of two disks (not the size
of a single failure group). The reason for this is similar as that for a normal redundancy disk
group with two failure groups, but this is a high redundancy disk group with only three
failure groups. If one or two failure groups are lost, ASM cannot restore redundancy
because that would require at least three working failure groups.
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FGRP1
FGRP2
FGRP3
Overview
In this practice, you perform various disk group administration and monitoring activities.
1.
Open a terminal session from your desktop to host01 as the grid user and use oraenv
to set your environment. Make sure that the TEST6 disk group is mounted by all three ASM
instances.
[[email protected]_pc ~]$ ssh -X [email protected]
[email protected]'s password:
Last login: Fri Aug 16 15:30:44 2013 from 192.0.2.1
[[email protected] ~]$ . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [grid] ? +ASM1
The Oracle base has been set to /u01/app/grid
[[email protected] ~]$ crsctl stat res ora.TEST6.dg
NAME=ora.TEST6.dg
TYPE=ora.diskgroup.type
TARGET=ONLINE
, ONLINE
, ONLINE
STATE=ONLINE on host01, ONLINE on host02, ONLINE on host03
[[email protected] ~]$
2.
Use srvctl to dismount the TEST6 disk group. Confirm that the disk group is dismounted
on all three nodes.
[[email protected] ~]$ srvctl stop diskgroup -diskgroup TEST6
[[email protected] ~]$
[[email protected] ~]$ crsctl stat res ora.TEST6.dg -t
---------------------------------------------------------------Name
Target State
Server
State details
---------------------------------------------------------------Local Resources
---------------------------------------------------------------ora.TEST6.dg
OFFLINE OFFLINE
host01
STABLE
OFFLINE OFFLINE
host02
STABLE
OFFLINE OFFLINE
host03
STABLE
---------------------------------------------------------------[[email protected] ~]$
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Practice 5-2: Miscellaneous Administration Activities
Use srvctl to start the TEST6 disk group resource. Confirm that the disk group resource
is started on all three nodes.
[[email protected] ~]$ srvctl start diskgroup -diskgroup TEST6
[[email protected] ~]$ crsctl stat res ora.TEST6.dg -t
---------------------------------------------------------------Name
Target State
Server
State details
---------------------------------------------------------------Local Resources
---------------------------------------------------------------ora.TEST6.dg
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
---------------------------------------------------------------[[email protected] ~]$
4.
List the disks in the TEST6 disk group by using the asmcmd lsdsk command. Attempt to
take the TEST6_0000 disk offline. What do you observe?
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsdsk -G TEST6 -k
Total_MB Free_MB OS_MB Name
Failgroup Failgroup_Type
Library Label UDID Product Redund
Path
650
604
650 TEST6_0000 FGRP1
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p10
650
599
650 TEST6_0001 FGRP1
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p11
650
603
650 TEST6_0002 FGRP1
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p3
650
604
650 TEST6_0003 FGRP2
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p4
650
600
650 TEST6_0004 FGRP2
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p5
650
602
650 TEST6_0005 FGRP2
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p6
650
602
650 TEST6_0006 FGRP3
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p7
650
601
650 TEST6_0007 FGRP3
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p8
650
603
650 TEST6_0008 FGRP3
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p9
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3.
[[email protected] ~]$
It appears that the COMPATIBLE.RDBMS value for the TEST6 disk group is lower than
11.1.0.0.0!
5.
Determine the current COMPATIBLE.RDBMS value for the TEST6 disk group. Change it to
12.1.0.0.0. Confirm the change.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsattr -G TEST6 -l compatible.rdbms
Name
Value
compatible.rdbms 10.1.0.0.0
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd setattr -G TEST6 compatible.rdbms
12.1.0.0.0
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsattr -G TEST6 -l compatible.rdbms
Name
Value
compatible.rdbms 12.1.0.0.0
[[email protected] ~]$
6.
Now, take the TEST6_0000 disk offline. Look at the operations in steps 4 and 5 that were
logged in alert_+ASM1.log (look near the end of the file). Check DISK_REPAIR_TIME
for TEST6. What will happen to the TEST6_0000 disk if no other action is taken?
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd offline -G TEST6 -D TEST6_0000
Diskgroup altered.
[[email protected] ~]$ vi
/u01/app/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/alert_+ASM1.log
Wed Apr 08 09:36:45 2015
SQL> /* ASMCMD */ALTER DISKGROUP TEST6 OFFLINE DISK TEST6_0000
Wed Apr 08 09:36:45 2015
ORA-15032: not all alterations performed
ORA-15283: ASM operation requires compatible.rdbms of 11.1.0.0.0
or higher
Wed Apr 08 09:36:45 2015
ERROR: /* ASMCMD */ALTER DISKGROUP TEST6 OFFLINE
TEST6_0000
Wed Apr 08 09:37:01 2015
Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Practices for Lesson 5: Administering ASM Diskgroups Part II
Chapter 5 - Page 20
DISK
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[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd offline -G TEST6 -D TEST6_0000
ORA-15032: not all alterations performed
ORA-15283: ASM operation requires compatible.rdbms of 11.1.0.0.0
or higher (DBD ERROR: OCIStmtExecute)
NOTE: process _user8120_+asm1 (8120) initiating offline of disk
0.3915918787 (TEST6_0000) with mask 0x7e in group 3 (TEST6)
without client assisting
NOTE: initiating PST update: grp 3 (TEST6), dsk = 0/0xe9682dc3,
mask = 0x6a, op = clear
Wed Apr 08 09:37:34 2015
GMON updating disk modes for group 3 at 506 for pid 32, osid
8120
NOTE: group TEST6: updated PST location: disk 0003 (PST copy 0)
NOTE: group TEST6: updated PST location: disk 0006 (PST copy 1)
NOTE: group TEST6: updated PST location: disk 0001 (PST copy 2)
Wed Apr 08 09:37:34 2015
NOTE: PST update grp = 3 completed successfully
NOTE: initiating PST update: grp 3 (TEST6), dsk = 0/0xe9682dc3,
mask = 0x7e, op = clear
Wed Apr 08 09:37:34 2015
GMON updating disk modes for group 3 at 507 for pid 32, osid
8120
NOTE: group TEST6: updated PST location: disk 0003 (PST copy 0)
NOTE: group TEST6: updated PST location: disk 0006 (PST copy 1)
NOTE: group TEST6: updated PST location: disk 0001 (PST copy 2)
Wed Apr 08 09:37:34 2015
NOTE: cache closing disk 0 of grp 3: TEST6_0000
Wed Apr 08 09:37:34 2015
NOTE: PST update grp = 3 completed successfully
NOTE: DRTimer CD Destroy: for diskgroup 3
Wed Apr 08 09:37:34 2015
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SQL> /* ASMCMD */ALTER DISKGROUP TEST6 SET ATTRIBUTE
'compatible.rdbms' = '12.1.0.0.0'
Wed Apr 08 09:37:05 2015
NOTE: Advancing RDBMS compatibility to 12.1.0.0.0 for grp 3
Wed Apr 08 09:37:05 2015
GMON querying group 3 at 505 for pid 32, osid 8120
Wed Apr 08 09:37:05 2015
SUCCESS: Advanced compatible.rdbms to 12.1.0.0.0 for grp 3
Wed Apr 08 09:37:05 2015
SUCCESS: /* ASMCMD */ALTER DISKGROUP TEST6 SET ATTRIBUTE
'compatible.rdbms' = '12.1.0.0.0'
Wed Apr 08 09:37:34 2015
SQL> /* ASMCMD */ALTER DISKGROUP TEST6 OFFLINE DISK TEST6_0000
Wed Apr 08 09:37:34 2015
NOTE: DRTimer CD Create: for disk group 3 disks:
0
DISK
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsattr -G TEST6 -l disk_repair_time
Name
Value
disk_repair_time 3.6h
[[email protected] ~]
If the TEST6_0000 disk is not brought back online in 12960 seconds (3.6 hours), it will be
dropped. 3.6 hours is the default unless a different time is specified when the disk is taken
offline.
7.
List the disks in TEST6. What is the status of the TEST6_0000 disk? Bring the
TEST6_0000 disk back online.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsdsk -G TEST6 -k
Total_MB Free_MB OS_MB Name
Failgroup Failgroup_Type
Library Label UDID Product Redund
Path
650
601
0 TEST6_0000 FGRP1
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN
650
600
650 TEST6_0001 FGRP1
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p11
650
597
650 TEST6_0002 FGRP1
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p3
650
598
650 TEST6_0003 FGRP2
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p4
650
601
650 TEST6_0004 FGRP2
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p5
650
599
650 TEST6_0005 FGRP2
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p6
650
601
650 TEST6_0006 FGRP3
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p7
650
602
650 TEST6_0007 FGRP3
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p8
650
595
650 TEST6_0008 FGRP3
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p9
[[email protected] ~]$
The TEST6_0000 disk has been taken offline; so although it shows up in the disk listing,
there is no path to the underlying device and no space is displayed in the OS_MB column.
The disk status will remain the same until the DISK_REPAIR_TIME value is exceeded
when the disk is dropped.
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SUCCESS: /* ASMCMD */ALTER DISKGROUP TEST6 OFFLINE
TEST6_0000
Bring the TEST6_0000 disk back online. Verify the operation by using the asmcmd lsdsk
command.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd online -G TEST6 -D TEST6_0000
Diskgroup altered.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsdsk -G TEST6 -k
Total_MB Free_MB OS_MB Name
Failgroup Failgroup_Type
Library Label UDID Product Redund
Path
650
601
650 TEST6_0000 FGRP1
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p10
650
600
650 TEST6_0001 FGRP1
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p11
650
597
650 TEST6_0002 FGRP1
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p3
650
598
650 TEST6_0003 FGRP2
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p4
650
601
650 TEST6_0004 FGRP2
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p5
650
599
650 TEST6_0005 FGRP2
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p6
650
601
650 TEST6_0006 FGRP3
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p7
650
602
650 TEST6_0007 FGRP3
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p8
650
595
650 TEST6_0008 FGRP3
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p9
[[email protected] ~]$
9.
Next, take a look at the value for FAILGROUP_REPAIR_TIME. What is the current value?
Change the value of FAILGROUP_REPAIR_TIME to two minutes and take the FGRP1
failure group offline. Look at the offline operation logged in alert_+ASM1.log (again, look
near the end of the file). Verify that the drop timeout value is two minutes.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsdsk -G TEST6 -k
Total_MB Free_MB OS_MB Name
Failgroup Failgroup_Type
Library Label UDID Product Redund
Path
650
596
650 TEST6_0000 FGRP1
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p10
650
601
650 TEST6_0001 FGRP1
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p11
650
601
650 TEST6_0002 FGRP1
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p3
650
600
650 TEST6_0003 FGRP2
REGULAR
System
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p4
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8.
600
650
598
650
597
650
600
650
601
650
TEST6_0004 FGRP2
REGULAR
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p5
TEST6_0005 FGRP2
REGULAR
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p6
TEST6_0006 FGRP3
REGULAR
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p7
TEST6_0007 FGRP3
REGULAR
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p8
TEST6_0008 FGRP3
REGULAR
UNKNOWN /dev/asmdisk2p9
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsattr -G TEST6 -l failgroup_repair_time
Name
Value
failgroup_repair_time 24.0h
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd setattr -G TEST6 failgroup_repair_time
2m
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd offline -G TEST6 -F FGRP1
Diskgroup altered.
[[email protected] ~]$ vi
/u01/app/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/alert_+ASM1.log
SQL> /* ASMCMD */ALTER DISKGROUP TEST6 SET ATTRIBUTE
'failgroup_repair_time' = '2m'
Wed Apr 08 09:57:11 2015
SUCCESS: /* ASMCMD */ALTER DISKGROUP TEST6 SET ATTRIBUTE
'failgroup_repair_time' = '2m'
Wed Apr 08 09:58:41 2015
SQL> /* ASMCMD */ALTER DISKGROUP TEST6 OFFLINE DISKS IN
FAILGROUP FGRP1
Wed Apr 08 09:58:41 2015
NOTE: DRTimer CD Create: for disk group 3 disks:
NOTE: process _user14154_+asm1 (14154) initiating offline of
disk 0.3915918787 (TEST6_0000) with mask 0x7e in group 3 (TEST6)
without client assisting
NOTE: process _user14154_+asm1 (14154) initiating offline of
disk 1.3915918782 (TEST6_0001) with mask 0x7e in group 3 (TEST6)
without client assisting
NOTE: process _user14154_+asm1 (14154) initiating offline of
disk 2.3915918785 (TEST6_0002) with mask 0x7e in group 3 (TEST6)
without client assisting
NOTE: initiating PST update: grp 3 (TEST6), dsk = 0/0xe9682dc3,
mask = 0x6a, op = clear
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650
System
650
System
650
System
650
System
650
System
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NOTE: initiating PST update: grp 3 (TEST6), dsk = 1/0xe9682dbe,
mask = 0x6a, op = clear
NOTE: initiating PST update: grp 3 (TEST6), dsk = 2/0xe9682dc1,
mask = 0x6a, op = clear
Wed Apr 08 09:58:41 2015
GMON updating disk modes for group 3 at 536 for pid 32, osid
14154
NOTE: group TEST6: updated PST location: disk 0003 (PST copy 0)
NOTE: group TEST6: updated PST location: disk 0006 (PST copy 1)
Wed Apr 08 09:58:41 2015
NOTE: PST update grp = 3 completed successfully
NOTE: initiating PST update: grp 3 (TEST6), dsk = 0/0xe9682dc3,
mask = 0x7e, op = clear
NOTE: initiating PST update: grp 3 (TEST6), dsk = 1/0xe9682dbe,
mask = 0x7e, op = clear
NOTE: initiating PST update: grp 3 (TEST6), dsk = 2/0xe9682dc1,
mask = 0x7e, op = clear
Wed Apr 08 09:58:41 2015
GMON updating disk modes for group 3 at 537 for pid 32, osid
14154
NOTE: group TEST6: updated PST location: disk 0003 (PST copy 0)
NOTE: group TEST6: updated PST location: disk 0006 (PST copy 1)
Wed Apr 08 09:58:41 2015
NOTE: cache closing disk 0 of grp 3: TEST6_0000
Wed Apr 08 09:58:41 2015
NOTE: cache closing disk 1 of grp 3: TEST6_0001
Wed Apr 08 09:58:41 2015
NOTE: cache closing disk 2 of grp 3: TEST6_0002
Wed Apr 08 09:58:41 2015
NOTE: PST update grp = 3 completed successfully
NOTE: DRTimer CD Destroy: for diskgroup 3
Wed Apr 08 09:58:41 2015
SUCCESS: /* ASMCMD */ALTER DISKGROUP TEST6 OFFLINE DISKS IN
FAILGROUP FGRP1
Wed Apr 08 09:59:39 2015
WARNING: Started Drop Disk Timeout for Disk 0 (TEST6_0000) in
group 3 with a value 120
WARNING: Disk 0 (TEST6_0000) in group 3 will be dropped in:
(120) secs on ASM inst 1
WARNING: Started Drop Disk Timeout for Disk 1 (TEST6_0001) in
group 3 with a value 120
WARNING: Disk 1 (TEST6_0001) in group 3 will be dropped in:
(120) secs on ASM inst 1
WARNING: Started Drop Disk Timeout for Disk 2 (TEST6_0002) in
group 3 with a value 120
[[email protected] ~]$
The drop timeout is 120 seconds (2 minutes).
10. Wait for two minutes. List the disks that belong to the TEST6 disk group and verify that the
FGRP1 failure group disks have been dropped. Look at the disk drop operation that is
logged in alert_+ASM1.log. Is it possible to bring the failure group FGRP1 back online?
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsdsk -G TEST6 -k
Total_MB Free_MB OS_MB Name
Failgroup_Type Library Label UDID Product
650
599
0 _DROPPED_0000_TEST6
REGULAR
System
650
600
0 _DROPPED_0001_TEST6
REGULAR
System
650
599
0 _DROPPED_0002_TEST6
REGULAR
System
650
598
650 TEST6_0003
REGULAR
System
/dev/asmdisk2p4
650
600
650 TEST6_0004
REGULAR
System
/dev/asmdisk2p5
650
600
650 TEST6_0005
REGULAR
System
/dev/asmdisk2p6
650
596
650 TEST6_0006
REGULAR
System
/dev/asmdisk2p7
650
601
650 TEST6_0007
REGULAR
System
/dev/asmdisk2p8
650
601
650 TEST6_0008
REGULAR
System
/dev/asmdisk2p9
Failgroup
Redund
Path
FGRP1
UNKNOWN
FGRP1
UNKNOWN
FGRP1
UNKNOWN
FGRP2
UNKNOWN
FGRP2
UNKNOWN
FGRP2
UNKNOWN
FGRP3
UNKNOWN
FGRP3
UNKNOWN
FGRP3
UNKNOWN
[[email protected] ~]$ vi
/u01/app/grid/diag/asm/+asm/+ASM1/trace/alert_+ASM1.log
...
SUCCESS: /* ASMCMD */ALTER DISKGROUP TEST6 OFFLINE DISKS IN
FAILGROUP FGRP1
Fri Apr 24 12:31:44 2015
NOTE: cache closing disk 0 of grp 3: (not open) TEST6_0000
Fri Apr 24 12:31:44 2015
NOTE: cache closing disk 1 of grp 3: (not open) TEST6_0001
Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
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Chapter 5 - Page 26
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WARNING: Disk 2 (TEST6_0002) in group 3 will be dropped in:
(120) secs on ASM inst 1
[[email protected] ~]$
Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Practices for Lesson 5: Administering ASM Diskgroups Part II
Chapter 5 - Page 27
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Fri Apr 24 12:31:44 2015
NOTE: cache closing disk 2 of grp 3: (not open) TEST6_0002
Fri Apr 24 12:31:44 2015
NOTE: membership refresh pending for group 3/0x7fea9a35 (TEST6)
Fri Apr 24 12:31:44 2015
GMON querying group 3 at 153 for pid 22, osid 13459
Fri Apr 24 12:31:44 2015
NOTE: cache closing disk 0 of grp 3: (not open) TEST6_0000
Fri Apr 24 12:31:44 2015
NOTE: cache closing disk 1 of grp 3: (not open) TEST6_0001
Fri Apr 24 12:31:44 2015
NOTE: cache closing disk 2 of grp 3: (not open) TEST6_0002
Fri Apr 24 12:31:44 2015
SUCCESS: refreshed membership for 3/0x7fea9a35 (TEST6)
Fri Apr 24 12:32:08 2015
NOTE: Attempting voting file refresh on diskgroup TEST6
NOTE: Refresh completed on diskgroup TEST6. No voting file
found.
Fri Apr 24 12:32:16 2015
NOTE: cache closing disk 0 of grp 3: (not open)
_DROPPED_0000_TEST6
Fri Apr 24 12:32:16 2015
NOTE: cache closing disk 1 of grp 3: (not open)
_DROPPED_0001_TEST6
Fri Apr 24 12:32:16 2015
NOTE: cache closing disk 2 of grp 3: (not open)
_DROPPED_0002_TEST6
NOTE: membership refresh pending for group 3/0x7fea9a35 (TEST6)
Fri Apr 24 12:32:16 2015
GMON querying group 3 at 154 for pid 22, osid 13459
GMON querying group 3 at 155 for pid 22, osid 13459
Fri Apr 24 12:32:16 2015
SUCCESS: refreshed membership for 3/0x7fea9a35 (TEST6)
...
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd online -G TEST6 -F FGRP1
ORA-15032: not all alterations performed
ORA-15281: not all specified disks were brought ONLINE
ORA-15284: ASM terminated ALTER DISKGROUP ONLINE (DBD ERROR:
OCIStmtExecute)”.
*** Or you might see this depending on timing ***
ORA-15011: failure group "FGRP1" does not exist in diskgroup
"TEST6" (DBD ERROR: OCIStmtExecute)
11. Add the disks /dev/asmdisk2p10, /dev/asmdisk2p11, and /dev/asmdisk2p3 back
to the TEST6 disk group. Name the failure group FGRP1. Verify that the disks have been
successfully added.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd
ASMCMD> chdg '<chdg name="test6"> <add><fg name="FGRP1"><dsk
string="/dev/asmdisk2p10" force="true"/><dsk
string="/dev/asmdisk2p11" force="true"/><dsk
string="/dev/asmdisk2p3" force="true"/></fg></add></chdg>'
Diskgroup altered.
ASMCMD> lsdsk -G TEST6 -k
Total_MB Free_MB OS_MB Name
Failgroup_Type Library Label UDID Product
650
617
0 _DROPPED_0000_TEST6
REGULAR
System
650
618
0 _DROPPED_0001_TEST6
REGULAR
System
650
618
0 _DROPPED_0002_TEST6
REGULAR
System
650
629
650 TEST6_0009
REGULAR
System
/dev/asmdisk2p10
650
629
650 TEST6_0010
REGULAR
System
/dev/asmdisk2p11
650
628
650 TEST6_0011
REGULAR
System
/dev/asmdisk2p3
650
597
650 TEST6_0003
REGULAR
System
/dev/asmdisk2p4
650
599
650 TEST6_0004
REGULAR
System
/dev/asmdisk2p5
650
602
650 TEST6_0005
REGULAR
System
/dev/asmdisk2p6
650
598
650 TEST6_0006
REGULAR
System
/dev/asmdisk2p7
Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Practices for Lesson 5: Administering ASM Diskgroups Part II
Chapter 5 - Page 28
Failgroup
Redund
Path
FGRP1
UNKNOWN
FGRP1
UNKNOWN
FGRP1
UNKNOWN
FGRP1
UNKNOWN
FGRP1
UNKNOWN
FGRP1
UNKNOWN
FGRP2
UNKNOWN
FGRP2
UNKNOWN
FGRP2
UNKNOWN
FGRP3
UNKNOWN
Oracle University and Mazz Soluciones SRL use only
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Because the DISKGROUP_REPAIR_TIME value of two minutes has been exceeded, the
failure group disks have been dropped. It is not possible to bring the failure group online at
this point.
TEST6_0007
FGRP3
UNKNOWN
TEST6_0008
FGRP3
UNKNOWN
ASMCMD> exit
[[email protected] ~]$
12. Use srvctl to stop the TEST6 disk group resource. Drop the TEST6 disk group. Make
sure that the TEST6 resource has been removed.
[[email protected] ~]$ srvctl stop diskgroup -diskgroup TEST6
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd dropdg -r -f TEST6
[[email protected] ~]$ crsctl stat res ora.TEST6.dg -t
CRS-2613: Could not find resource 'ora.TEST6.dg'.
[[email protected] ~]$
13. Close all the terminal windows that were opened for this practice.
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Practices for Lesson 5: Administering ASM Diskgroups Part II
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650
602
650
REGULAR
System
/dev/asmdisk2p8
650
598
650
REGULAR
System
/dev/asmdisk2p9
Oracle University and Mazz Soluciones SRL use only
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Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Practices for Lesson 5: Administering ASM Diskgroups Part II
Chapter 5 - Page 30
Chapter 6
Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Practices for Lesson 6: Administering ASM Files, Directories, and Templates
Chapter 6 - Page 1
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THESE eKIT MATERIALS ARE FOR YOUR USE IN THIS CLASSROOM ONLY. COPYING eKIT MATERIALS FROM THIS COMPUTER IS STRICTLY PROHIBITED
Practices for Lesson 6:
Administering ASM Files,
Directories, and Templates
Practices Overview
In this practice, you will administer ASM files, directories, and templates.
Oracle University and Mazz Soluciones SRL use only
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Practices for Lesson 6: Overview
Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Practices for Lesson 6: Administering ASM Files, Directories, and Templates
Chapter 6 - Page 2
Overview
In this practice, you use several tools to navigate the ASM file hierarchy, manage aliases,
manage templates, and move files to different disk regions.
1. ASM is designed to hold database files in a hierarchical structure. Open a terminal session
to host01 as the grid user. After setting up the grid environment, navigate the orcl
database files with ASMCMD.
[[email protected]_pc ~]$ ssh [email protected]
[email protected]'s password:
Last login: Mon Apr 6 07:05:30 2015 from 192.0.2.1
[[email protected] ~]$ . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [grid] ? +ASM1
The Oracle base has been set to /u01/app/grid
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd
ASMCMD> ls
DATA/
FRA/
ASMCMD> ls DATA
ASM/
ORCL/
_MGMTDB/
cluster01/
orapwasm
ASMCMD> ls -l DATA/ORCL/*
Type
Redund
Striped
Time
Sys
APR 03 17:00:00
Y
COARSE
APR 03 17:00:00
Y
COARSE
APR 08 11:00:00
Y
COARSE
APR 03 22:00:00
Y
COARSE
APR 03 17:00:00
Y
COARSE
APR 04 14:00:00
Y
+DATA/ORCL/CONTROLFILE/:
CONTROLFILE
HIGH
FINE
Current.281.874129213
+DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/:
DATAFILE
MIRROR
EXAMPLE.285.874129281
DATAFILE
MIRROR
SYSAUX.277.874128911
DATAFILE
MIRROR
SYSTEM.278.874128989
DATAFILE
MIRROR
UNDOTBS1.280.874129143
DATAFILE
MIRROR
UNDOTBS2.286.874130065
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Practices for Lesson 6: Administering ASM Files, Directories, and Templates
Chapter 6 - Page 3
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Practice 6-1: Administering ASM Files, Directories, and Templates
+DATA/ORCL/ONLINELOG/:
ONLINELOG
MIRROR
group_1.282.874129219
ONLINELOG
MIRROR
group_2.283.874129223
ONLINELOG
MIRROR
group_3.290.874130213
ONLINELOG
MIRROR
group_4.291.874130217
ONLINELOG
MIRROR
group_5.288.874130203
ONLINELOG
MIRROR
group_6.289.874130207
APR 03 22:00:00
Y
APR 03 17:00:00
Y
COARSE
APR 03 17:00:00
Y
COARSE
APR 03 17:00:00
Y
COARSE
APR 03 17:00:00
Y
COARSE
APR 03 17:00:00
Y
COARSE
APR 03 17:00:00
Y
COARSE
APR 03 17:00:00
Y
+DATA/ORCL/PARAMETERFILE/:
PARAMETERFILE MIRROR COARSE
spfile.292.874130221
APR 05 06:00:00
Y
+DATA/ORCL/PASSWORD/:
PASSWORD
HIGH
pwdorcl.276.874128795
COARSE
MAR 12 05:00:00
Y
+DATA/ORCL/TEMPFILE/:
TEMPFILE
MIRROR
TEMP.284.874129257
COARSE
APR 06 23:00:00
Y
ASMCMD>
2.
The default structure may not be the most useful for some sites. Create a set of aliases for
directories and files to match a file system. You can create a directory called oradata
under +DATA/ORCL . Use ASMCMD to do this.
ASMCMD> ls +DATA/ORCL
CONTROLFILE/
DATAFILE/
ONLINELOG/
PARAMETERFILE/
PASSWORD/
TEMPFILE/
ASMCMD> mkdir +DATA/ORCL/oradata
Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
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DATAFILE
MIRROR COARSE
UNDOTBS3.287.874130071
DATAFILE
MIRROR COARSE
USERS.279.874129129
3.
Use ASMCMD to create an alias called example_01.dbf in the oradata folder for the
EXAMPLE datafile in +DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE. List the alias when you have finished. View
the file attributes.
ASMCMD> ls -l DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE
Type
Redund Striped Time
DATAFILE MIRROR COARSE
APR 03
EXAMPLE.285.874129281
DATAFILE MIRROR COARSE
APR 08
SYSAUX.277.874128911
DATAFILE MIRROR COARSE
APR 03
SYSTEM.278.874128989
DATAFILE MIRROR COARSE
APR 03
UNDOTBS1.280.874129143
DATAFILE MIRROR COARSE
APR 04
UNDOTBS2.286.874130065
DATAFILE MIRROR COARSE
APR 03
UNDOTBS3.287.874130071
DATAFILE MIRROR COARSE
APR 03
USERS.279.874129129
17:00:00
Sys
Y
13:00:00
Y
22:00:00
Y
17:00:00
Y
14:00:00
Y
22:00:00
Y
17:00:00
Y
Name
ASMCMD> mkalias DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/EXAMPLE.285.874129281
DATA/ORCL/oradata/example_01.dbf
ASMCMD> ls -l DATA/ORCL/oradata
Type
Redund Striped Time
Sys
DATAFILE MIRROR COARSE
AUG 29 09:00:00 N
=> +DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/EXAMPLE.285.874129281
ASMCMD>
Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
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Chapter 6 - Page 5
Name
example_01.dbf
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ASMCMD> ls +DATA/ORCL
CONTROLFILE/
DATAFILE/
ONLINELOG/
PARAMETERFILE/
PASSWORD/
TEMPFILE/
oradata/
ASMCMD>
Open a terminal session from your desktop to host01 as the oracle user. Determine the
name of the instance that is running on host01 and set the environment. Create a new
tablespace called XYZ. Use SQL*Plus to create the tablespace with a system-generated
datafile name. Determine the orcl instance that is running on host01 and set the
environment before starting.
[[email protected]_pc ~]$ ssh [email protected]
[email protected]'s password:
Last login: Mon Apr 6 12:47:14 2015 from 192.0.2.1
[[email protected] ~]$ pgrep -l ora_pmon
14578 ora_pmon_orcl_3
[[email protected] ~]$ export ORACLE_SID=orcl_3
[[email protected] ~]$ export
ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1
[[email protected] ~]$ export PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin
[[email protected] ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba
SQL> CREATE TABLESPACE XYZ DATAFILE '+data' SIZE 200M;
Tablespace created.
SQL>
5.
Return to the grid terminal and inspect the attributes of the XYZ tablespace datafile.
ASMCMD> ls -l --absolutepath data/orcl/datafile/XYZ*
Type
Redund Striped Time
Sys Name
DATAFILE MIRROR COARSE
APR 08 13:00:00 Y
none =>
XYZ.293.876489337
ASMCMD>
6.
Create another data file for the XYZ tablespace. Name the new datafile
DATA/ORCL/ORADATA/XYZ_01.dbf.
SQL> alter tablespace XYZ add datafile
'+data/orcl/oradata/XYZ_01.dbf' SIZE 200M;
Tablespace altered.
SQL>
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Chapter 6 - Page 6
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4.
Did both the datafiles get system-assigned names? Exit ASMCMD when you have finished.
ASMCMD> ls -l --absolutepath data/orcl/oradata/XYZ*
Type
Redund Striped Time
Sys Name
DATAFILE MIRROR COARSE
APR 08 13:00:00 N
XYZ_01.dbf =>
+DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/XYZ.294.876489413
ASMCMD> ls -l --absolutepath data/orcl/datafile/XYZ*
Type
Redund Striped Time
Sys Name
DATAFILE MIRROR COARSE
APR 08 13:00:00 Y
none =>
XYZ.293.876489337
DATAFILE MIRROR COARSE
APR 08 13:00:00 Y
+DATA/ORCL/oradata/XYZ_01.dbf => XYZ.294.876489413
ASMCMD>
8.
Check the current value of compatible.rdbms. It must be changed to 11.2 or later to
complete the operation for the next step. List the files in the XYZ tablespace.
ASMCMD> lsattr -G DATA -l compatible.rdbms
Name
Value
compatible.rdbms 10.1.0.0.0
ASMCMD> setattr -G DATA compatible.rdbms 12.1.0.0.0
ASMCMD> lsattr -G DATA -l compatible.rdbms
Name
Value
compatible.rdbms 12.1.0.0.0
ASMCMD> ls -l +DATA/orcl/datafile/XYZ*
Type
Redund Striped Time
DATAFILE MIRROR COARSE
APR 08 13:00:00
XYZ.293.876489337
DATAFILE MIRROR COARSE
APR 08 13:00:00
XYZ.294.876489413
Sys
Y
Y
ASMCMD> exit
[[email protected] ~]$
Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Practices for Lesson 6: Administering ASM Files, Directories, and Templates
Chapter 6 - Page 7
Name
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7.
Start a SQL session. Now, move the files for the XYZ tablespace to the hot region of the
DATA disk group. Use the absolute file names listed in step 7.
[[email protected] ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm
SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Thu Apr 9 06:53:22
2015
Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.
All rights reserved.
Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit
Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage
Management options
SQL> alter diskgroup data modify file
'+data/orcl/datafile/XYZ.293.876489337'
attribute ( HOT MIRRORHOT );
Diskgroup altered.
SQL> alter diskgroup data modify file
'+data/orcl/datafile/XYZ.294.876489413'
attribute ( HOT MIRRORHOT );
Diskgroup altered.
SQL>
10. Run the /stage/ASM/labs/less_06/region_query.sql query from your oracle
SQL session to view the attribute changes for the XYZ data files.
SQL> !cat /stage/ASM/labs/less_06/region_query.sql
column diskgroup format a9
column name format a40
SELECT dg.name AS diskgroup, f.file_number, f.primary_region,
f.mirror_region
FROM V$ASM_DISKGROUP dg, V$ASM_FILE f
WHERE dg.group_number = f.group_number and dg.name = 'DATA';
SQL> @/stage/ASM/labs/less_06/region_query.sql
DISKGROUP FILE_NUMBER PRIM MIRR
--------- ----------- ---- ---DATA
253 COLD COLD
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9.
255
294
293
292
291
290
289
256
257
258
COLD
HOT
HOT
COLD
COLD
COLD
COLD
COLD
COLD
COLD
COLD
HOT
HOT
COLD
COLD
COLD
COLD
COLD
COLD
COLD
DISKGROUP FILE_NUMBER PRIM MIRR
--------- ----------- ---- ---DATA
259 COLD COLD
DATA
260 COLD COLD
DATA
261 COLD COLD
DATA
262 COLD COLD
DATA
263 COLD COLD
DATA
264 COLD COLD
DATA
265 COLD COLD
DATA
266 COLD COLD
DATA
267 COLD COLD
DATA
268 COLD COLD
DATA
269 COLD COLD
DISKGROUP FILE_NUMBER PRIM MIRR
--------- ----------- ---- ---DATA
270 COLD COLD
DATA
271 COLD COLD
DATA
272 COLD COLD
DATA
273 COLD COLD
DATA
274 COLD COLD
DATA
275 COLD COLD
DATA
276 COLD COLD
DATA
277 COLD COLD
DATA
278 COLD COLD
DATA
279 COLD COLD
DATA
280 COLD COLD
DISKGROUP FILE_NUMBER PRIM MIRR
--------- ----------- ---- ---DATA
281 COLD COLD
Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
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DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
COLD
COLD
COLD
COLD
COLD
COLD
COLD
COLD
COLD
COLD
COLD
COLD
COLD
COLD
41 rows selected.
SQL>
11. Create a template that changes the default placement of files created in the DATA disk
group to the hot region. Use the SQL session open in your grid terminal. Exit SQL when
you have finished.
SQL> alter diskgroup data ADD TEMPLATE HOT_FILES
2 ATTRIBUTE (HOT MIRRORHOT);
Diskgroup altered.
SQL> exit
[[email protected] ~]$
12. From the oracle terminal, add another data file to the XYZ tablespace by using the
template. Was the file placed in the hot region? Verify that the new file is placed correctly.
SQL> alter tablespace XYZ add datafile '+data(HOT_FILES)' SIZE
200M;
Tablespace altered.
SQL> @/stage/ASM/labs/less_06/region_query.sql
DISKGROUP FILE_NUMBER PRIM MIRR
--------- ----------- ---- ---DATA
253 COLD COLD
DATA
255 COLD COLD
DATA
256 COLD COLD
DATA
257 COLD COLD
DATA
258 COLD COLD
DATA
259 COLD COLD
DATA
260 COLD COLD
DATA
261 COLD COLD
Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
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DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
262 COLD COLD
263 COLD COLD
264 COLD COLD
DISKGROUP FILE_NUMBER PRIM MIRR
--------- ----------- ---- ---DATA
265 COLD COLD
DATA
266 COLD COLD
DATA
267 COLD COLD
DATA
268 COLD COLD
DATA
269 COLD COLD
DATA
270 COLD COLD
DATA
271 COLD COLD
DATA
272 COLD COLD
DATA
273 COLD COLD
DATA
274 COLD COLD
DATA
275 COLD COLD
DISKGROUP FILE_NUMBER PRIM MIRR
--------- ----------- ---- ---DATA
276 COLD COLD
DATA
277 COLD COLD
DATA
278 COLD COLD
DATA
279 COLD COLD
DATA
280 COLD COLD
DATA
281 COLD COLD
DATA
282 COLD COLD
DATA
283 COLD COLD
DATA
284 COLD COLD
DATA
285 COLD COLD
DATA
286 COLD COLD
DISKGROUP FILE_NUMBER PRIM MIRR
--------- ----------- ---- ---DATA
287 COLD COLD
DATA
288 COLD COLD
DATA
289 COLD COLD
DATA
290 COLD COLD
DATA
291 COLD COLD
DATA
292 COLD COLD
DATA
293 HOT HOT
DATA
294 HOT HOT
Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
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Chapter 6 - Page 11
Oracle University and Mazz Soluciones SRL use only
THESE eKIT MATERIALS ARE FOR YOUR USE IN THIS CLASSROOM ONLY. COPYING eKIT MATERIALS FROM THIS COMPUTER IS STRICTLY PROHIBITED
DATA
DATA
DATA
295 HOT
HOT
42 rows selected.
SQL>
13. From the oracle terminal, create a large table in the XYZ tablespace called CUST_COPY
by executing the cr_cust_copy.sql script. This script makes a copy of the
SH.CUSTOMERS table in the XYZ tablespace. Use the SQL session that is open in your
oracle terminal.
SQL> !cat /stage/ASM/labs/less_06/cr_cust_copy.sql
/* create a copy of the SH.customers table in the XYZ tablespace */
/* force some I/O so hot and cold region stats can be viewed */
SET ECHO ON
CREATE TABLE Cust_copy TABLESPACE XYZ AS
SELECT * FROM SH.CUSTOMERS;
SQL> @/stage/ASM/labs/less_06/cr_cust_copy.sql
SQL>
SQL> CREATE TABLE Cust_copy TABLESPACE XYZ AS
2 SELECT * FROM SH.CUSTOMERS;
Table created.
SQL>
14. Query the new table. Select all the rows to force some read activity with the following
command: SELECT * FROM CUST_COPY. Use the SET PAGESIZE 300 command to speed
up the display processing.
SQL> SET PAGESIZE 300
SQL> SELECT * FROM CUST_COPY;
... /* rows removed */
100055 Andrew
Clark
F
1978 Married
77 Cumberland Avenue
74673
Duncan
51402
SC
52722
52790
260-755-4130
J: 190,000 - 249,999
11000
[email protected]
Customer total
52772
01-JAN-98
A
Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Practices for Lesson 6: Administering ASM Files, Directories, and Templates
Chapter 6 - Page 12
Oracle University and Mazz Soluciones SRL use only
THESE eKIT MATERIALS ARE FOR YOUR USE IN THIS CLASSROOM ONLY. COPYING eKIT MATERIALS FROM THIS COMPUTER IS STRICTLY PROHIBITED
DATA
15. View the I/O statistics by region by using ASMCMD from your grid terminal. Run the
io_stats.sql script from your oracle terminal for a slightly different perspective.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd
ASMCMD> iostat --io --region
Group_Name Dsk_Name
Reads
Hot_Reads Hot_Writes
DATA
DATA_0000 620644
78
DATA
DATA_0001 910422
46
DATA
DATA_0002 16734
47
DATA
DATA_0003 18038
45
DATA
DATA_0004 16622
47
DATA
DATA_0005 15564
46
DATA
DATA_0006 53818
72
DATA
DATA_0007 18833
43
DATA
DATA_0008 722205
42
DATA
DATA_0009 16115
44
ASMCMD>
-G DATA
Writes Cold_Reads
Cold_Writes
217179
617850
53545
26
419511
907724
256639
15
195177
14010
31526
6
35737
17441
34473
6
34706
16001
33130
15
203111
14956
200282
8
313023
52501
310032
4
38958
18192
36959
6
37752
721592
36225
4
507781
15517
506475
2
*** Switch to oracle terminal****
SQL> !cat /stage/ASM/labs/less_06/io_stats.sql
column file_number heading 'FILE#' format 999
column diskgroup heading 'DSKGRP' format a6
column hot_reads heading 'H READS' format 9999999
column hot_writes heading 'H WRITES' format 9999999
column cold_reads heading 'C READS' format 9999999
column cold_writes heading 'C WRITES' format 9999999
column name format a40
SELECT dg.name AS diskgroup, f.file_number, f.primary_region,
f.mirror_region, f.hot_reads,f.hot_writes, f.cold_reads,
f.cold_writes
FROM V$ASM_DISKGROUP dg, V$ASM_FILE f
Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
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Chapter 6 - Page 13
Oracle University and Mazz Soluciones SRL use only
THESE eKIT MATERIALS ARE FOR YOUR USE IN THIS CLASSROOM ONLY. COPYING eKIT MATERIALS FROM THIS COMPUTER IS STRICTLY PROHIBITED
55500 rows selected.
SQL>
SQL> @/stage/ASM/labs/less_06/io_stats.sql
DSKGRP FILE# PRIM MIRR H READS H WRITES C READS C WRITES
------ ----- ---- ---- -------- -------- -------- -------DATA
253 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
255 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
256 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
257 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
258 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
259 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
260 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
261 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
262 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
263 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
264 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
265 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
266 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
267 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
268 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
269 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
270 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
271 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
272 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
273 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
274 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
275 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
276 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
277 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
278 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
279 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
280 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
281 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
282 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
283 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
284 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
285 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
286 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
287 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
288 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
289 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
DATA
290 COLD COLD
0
0
0
0
Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Practices for Lesson 6: Administering ASM Files, Directories, and Templates
Chapter 6 - Page 14
Oracle University and Mazz Soluciones SRL use only
THESE eKIT MATERIALS ARE FOR YOUR USE IN THIS CLASSROOM ONLY. COPYING eKIT MATERIALS FROM THIS COMPUTER IS STRICTLY PROHIBITED
WHERE dg.group_number = f.group_number and dg.name = 'DATA';
291
292
293
294
295
COLD
COLD
HOT
HOT
HOT
COLD
COLD
HOT
HOT
HOT
0
0
42
34
28
0
0
72
40
38
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
42 rows selected.
SQL>
16. From the oracle terminal, drop the tablespaces and templates created in this practice by
using the drop_XYZ.sql script. Exit all the terminal windows that were opened for this
practice when you have finished.
SQL> !cat /stage/ASM/labs/less_06/drop_XYZ.sql
/* reset the changesmade in the practice */
/* drop tablespace XYZ including contents and datafiles */
/* drop the HOT_FILES template */
SET ECHO ON
DROP TABLESPACE XYZ INCLUDING CONTENTS AND DATAFILES;
alter diskgroup data drop template HOT_FILES;
EXIT;
SQL> @/stage/ASM/labs/less_06/drop_XYZ.sql
SQL>
SQL>
SQL>
SQL>
SQL>
SQL>
SQL>
/* reset the changesmade in the practice
*/
/* drop tabespace XYZ includung contents and datafiles */
/* drop the HOT_FILES template */
SET ECHO ON
DROP TABLESPACE XYZ INCLUDING CONTENTS AND DATAFILES;
Tablespace dropped.
SQL> alter diskgroup data drop template HOT_FILES;
Diskgroup altered.
SQL>
SQL> EXIT;
Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
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Chapter 6 - Page 15
Oracle University and Mazz Soluciones SRL use only
THESE eKIT MATERIALS ARE FOR YOUR USE IN THIS CLASSROOM ONLY. COPYING eKIT MATERIALS FROM THIS COMPUTER IS STRICTLY PROHIBITED
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
[[email protected] ~]$
17. Close all the terminal windows that were opened for this practice.
Oracle University and Mazz Soluciones SRL use only
THESE eKIT MATERIALS ARE FOR YOUR USE IN THIS CLASSROOM ONLY. COPYING eKIT MATERIALS FROM THIS COMPUTER IS STRICTLY PROHIBITED
Disconnected from Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release
12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic
Storage Management, OLAP,
Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options
Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Practices for Lesson 6: Administering ASM Files, Directories, and Templates
Chapter 6 - Page 16
Overview
In this practice, you investigate ASM file aliasing.
1.
Start a terminal session from your desktop to host01 as the oracle user. Set the
environment.
[[email protected]_pc ~]$ ssh [email protected]
[email protected]'s password:
Last login: Mon Apr 6 07:05:30 2015 from 192.0.2.1
[[email protected] ~]$ . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [oracle] ? orcl
The Oracle base has been set to /u01/app/oracle
[[email protected] ~]$ $ pgrep -l ora_pmon
14578 ora_pmon_orcl_3
[[email protected] ~]$ export ORACLE_SID=orcl_3
[[email protected] ~]$
2.
Query V$TABLESPACE to view current tablespaces. Query V$DBFILE and observe how the
datafile names are stored in the data dictionary.
[[email protected] ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba
SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Fri Apr 24 07:08:15
2015
Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle. All rights reserved.
Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit
Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic
Storage Management, OLAP,
Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options
SQL> col name format a20
SQL> select * from v$tablespace;
TS#
---------1
0
2
NAME
-------------------SYSAUX
SYSTEM
UNDOTBS1
INC
--YES
YES
YES
BIG
--NO
NO
NO
FLA ENC
CON_ID
--- --- ---------YES
0
YES
0
YES
0
Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Practices for Lesson 6: Administering ASM Files, Directories, and Templates
Chapter 6 - Page 17
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THESE eKIT MATERIALS ARE FOR YOUR USE IN THIS CLASSROOM ONLY. COPYING eKIT MATERIALS FROM THIS COMPUTER IS STRICTLY PROHIBITED
Practice 6-2: ASM Aliasing
USERS
TEMP
EXAMPLE
UNDOTBS2
UNDOTBS3
YES
NO
YES
YES
YES
NO
NO
NO
NO
NO
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
0
0
0
0
0
8 rows selected.
SQL> col name format a45
SQL> select * from v$dbfile;
FILE#
---------6
4
1
3
5
2
7
NAME
CON_ID
------------------------------------------ ---------+DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/users.279.874129129
0
+DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/undotbs1.280.874129143
0
+DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/system.278.874128989
0
+DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/sysaux.277.874128911
0
+DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/example.285.874129281
0
+DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/undotbs2.286.874130065
0
+DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/undotbs3.287.874130071
0
7 rows selected.
SQL>
3.
Create a new tablespace called TBS_OMF. Create the tablespace as follows so that the
datafile that is created is an Oracle Managed File (OMF). Create a second tablespace
called TBS_ALIAS, specifying the datafile alias as follows. When you have finished, query
V$TABLESPACE and V$DBFILE again. What do you observe?
SQL> create tablespace TBS_OMF datafile size 100M;
Tablespace created.
SQL> create tablespace TBS_ALIAS datafile '+DATA/TBS_ALS.dbf'
size 100M;
Tablespace created.
SQL> col name format a20
SQL> select * from v$tablespace;
TS# NAME
INC BIG FLA ENC
Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Practices for Lesson 6: Administering ASM Files, Directories, and Templates
Chapter 6 - Page 18
CON_ID
Oracle University and Mazz Soluciones SRL use only
THESE eKIT MATERIALS ARE FOR YOUR USE IN THIS CLASSROOM ONLY. COPYING eKIT MATERIALS FROM THIS COMPUTER IS STRICTLY PROHIBITED
4
3
6
5
7
-------------------SYSAUX
SYSTEM
UNDOTBS1
USERS
TEMP
EXAMPLE
UNDOTBS2
UNDOTBS3
TBS_OMF
TBS_ALIAS
--YES
YES
YES
YES
NO
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
--NO
NO
NO
NO
NO
NO
NO
NO
NO
NO
--- --- ---------YES
0
YES
0
YES
0
YES
0
YES
0
YES
0
YES
0
YES
0
YES
0
YES
0
10 rows selected.
SQL> col name format a45
SQL> select * from v$dbfile;
FILE# NAME
CON_ID
---------- --------------------------------------------- ---------6 +DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/users.279.874129129
0
4 +DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/undotbs1.280.874129143
0
1 +DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/system.278.874128989
0
3 +DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/sysaux.277.874128911
0
5 +DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/example.285.874129281
0
2 +DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/undotbs2.286.874130065
0
7 +DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/undotbs3.287.874130071
0
8 +DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/tbs_omf.295.877898341
0
9 +DATA/tbs_als.dbf
0
9 rows selected.
SQL>
Note that the datafile for TBS_OMF gets a generated, fully qualified file name but the
TBS_ALIAS datafile stored in the data dictionary is the alias, not the fully qualified name.
4.
Open another terminal on your desktop and ssh to host01 as the grid user. Set the
environment and start ASMCMD. List the contents of +DATA to view the datafile alias for
the TBS_ALIAS tablespace. List +DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE and view the OMF-generated
datafile names for the TBS_OMF and TBS_ALIAS tablespaces.
[[email protected]_pc ~]$ ssh [email protected]
[email protected]'s password:
Last login: Thu Apr 23 06:48:00 2015 from 192.0.2.1
[[email protected] ~]$ . oraenv
Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Practices for Lesson 6: Administering ASM Files, Directories, and Templates
Chapter 6 - Page 19
Oracle University and Mazz Soluciones SRL use only
THESE eKIT MATERIALS ARE FOR YOUR USE IN THIS CLASSROOM ONLY. COPYING eKIT MATERIALS FROM THIS COMPUTER IS STRICTLY PROHIBITED
---------1
0
2
4
3
6
5
7
13
14
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd
ASMCMD> ls –lL +DATA
Type
Redund Striped
Time
DATAFILE MIRROR COARSE
APR 24 20:00:00
+DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/TBS_ALIAS.294.877899001
PASSWORD HIGH
COARSE
MAR 11 18:00:00
+DATA/ASM/PASSWORD/pwdasm.256.874088021
Sys
Y
Y
N
Name
ASM/
ORCL/
TBS_ALS.dbf =>
Y
Y
N
_MGMTDB/
cluster01/
orapwasm =>
ASMCMD> ls -lL +DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE
Type
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
Redund
MIRROR
MIRROR
MIRROR
MIRROR
MIRROR
MIRROR
MIRROR
MIRROR
MIRROR
Striped
COARSE
COARSE
COARSE
COARSE
COARSE
COARSE
COARSE
COARSE
COARSE
Time
APR 24
APR 24
APR 24
APR 24
APR 24
APR 24
APR 24
APR 24
APR 24
09:00:00
20:00:00
09:00:00
20:00:00
20:00:00
10:00:00
09:00:00
09:00:00
09:00:00
Sys
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Name
EXAMPLE.285.874129281
SYSAUX.277.874128911
SYSTEM.278.874128989
TBS_ALIAS.294.877899001
TBS_OMF.295.877898341
UNDOTBS1.280.874129143
UNDOTBS2.286.874130065
UNDOTBS3.287.874130071
USERS.279.874129129
ASMCMD>
5.
Return to the oracle terminal and drop both the TBS_OMF and TBS_ALIAS tablespaces.
Query V$TABLESPACE and confirm that both tablespaces have been dropped. Query
V$DBFILE and verify that the datafiles are no longer referenced in the data dictionary.
SQL> drop tablespace TBS_OMF;
Tablespace dropped.
SQL> drop tablespace TBS_ALIAS;
Tablespace dropped.
SQL> col name format a20
SQL> select * from v$tablespace;
Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Practices for Lesson 6: Administering ASM Files, Directories, and Templates
Chapter 6 - Page 20
Oracle University and Mazz Soluciones SRL use only
THESE eKIT MATERIALS ARE FOR YOUR USE IN THIS CLASSROOM ONLY. COPYING eKIT MATERIALS FROM THIS COMPUTER IS STRICTLY PROHIBITED
ORACLE_SID = [grid] ? +ASM1
The Oracle base has been set to /u01/app/grid
NAME
-------------------SYSAUX
SYSTEM
UNDOTBS1
USERS
TEMP
EXAMPLE
UNDOTBS2
UNDOTBS3
INC
--YES
YES
YES
YES
NO
YES
YES
YES
BIG
--NO
NO
NO
NO
NO
NO
NO
NO
FLA ENC
CON_ID
--- --- ---------YES
0
YES
0
YES
0
YES
0
YES
0
YES
0
YES
0
YES
0
8 rows selected.
SQL> col name format a42
SQL> select * from v$dbfile;
FILE#
---------6
4
1
3
5
2
7
NAME
CON_ID
------------------------------------------ ---------+DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/users.279.874129129
0
+DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/undotbs1.280.874129143
0
+DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/system.278.874128989
0
+DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/sysaux.277.874128911
0
+DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/example.285.874129281
0
+DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/undotbs2.286.874130065
0
+DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/undotbs3.287.874130071
0
7 rows selected.
SQL>
6.
Return to the grid terminal. Have the datafiles been removed from the +DATA disk group?
ASMCMD> ls –lL +DATA
Type
Redund Striped
Time
DATAFILE MIRROR COARSE
APR 25 12:00:00
+DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/TBS_ALIAS.294.877899001
PASSWORD HIGH
COARSE
MAR 11 18:00:00
+DATA/ASM/PASSWORD/pwdasm.256.874088021
Sys
Y
Y
N
Name
ASM/
ORCL/
TBS_ALS.dbf =>
Y
Y
N
_MGMTDB/
cluster01/
orapwasm =>
Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Practices for Lesson 6: Administering ASM Files, Directories, and Templates
Chapter 6 - Page 21
Oracle University and Mazz Soluciones SRL use only
THESE eKIT MATERIALS ARE FOR YOUR USE IN THIS CLASSROOM ONLY. COPYING eKIT MATERIALS FROM THIS COMPUTER IS STRICTLY PROHIBITED
TS#
---------1
0
2
4
3
6
5
7
Type
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
Redund Striped
MIRROR COARSE
MIRROR COARSE
MIRROR COARSE
MIRROR COARSE
MIRROR COARSE
MIRROR COARSE
MIRROR COARSE
MIRROR COARSE
Time
APR 24
APR 25
APR 24
APR 25
APR 24
APR 24
APR 24
APR 24
09:00:00
12:00:00
09:00:00
12:00:00
10:00:00
09:00:00
09:00:00
09:00:00
Sys
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Name
EXAMPLE.285.874129281
SYSAUX.277.874128911
SYSTEM.278.874128989
TBS_ALIAS.294.877899001
UNDOTBS1.280.874129143
UNDOTBS2.286.874130065
UNDOTBS3.287.874130071
USERS.279.874129129
ASMCMD>
Because the datafile for the TBS_OMF tablespace was OMF-managed, it was removed
when the tablespace was dropped. However, both the datafile and the datafile alias for the
TBS_ALIAS tablespace still exist.
7.
Remove the TBS_ALIAS datafile. What do you observe?
ASMCMD> rm +DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/TBS_ALIAS.294.877899001
ASMCMD> ls -lL +DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE
Type
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
Redund Striped
MIRROR COARSE
MIRROR COARSE
MIRROR COARSE
MIRROR COARSE
MIRROR COARSE
MIRROR COARSE
MIRROR COARSE
Time
APR 24
APR 25
APR 24
APR 24
APR 24
APR 24
APR 24
ASMCMD> ls -lL +DATA
Type
Redund Striped
09:00:00
12:00:00
09:00:00
10:00:00
09:00:00
09:00:00
09:00:00
Sys
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Time
PASSWORD HIGH
COARSE
MAR 11 18:00:00
+DATA/ASM/PASSWORD/pwdasm.256.874088021
Name
EXAMPLE.285.874129281
SYSAUX.277.874128911
SYSTEM.278.874128989
UNDOTBS1.280.874129143
UNDOTBS2.286.874130065
UNDOTBS3.287.874130071
USERS.279.874129129
Sys
Y
Y
Y
Y
N
ASMCMD>
Removing the datafile removes the alias also.
Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Practices for Lesson 6: Administering ASM Files, Directories, and Templates
Chapter 6 - Page 22
Name
ASM/
ORCL/
_MGMTDB/
cluster01/
orapwasm =>
Oracle University and Mazz Soluciones SRL use only
THESE eKIT MATERIALS ARE FOR YOUR USE IN THIS CLASSROOM ONLY. COPYING eKIT MATERIALS FROM THIS COMPUTER IS STRICTLY PROHIBITED
ASMCMD> ls -lL +DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE
Return to the oracle terminal. Create another tablespace called TBS_ALIAS2 by using
the datafile alias as follows:
SQL> create tablespace TBS_ALIAS2 datafile '+DATA/TBS_ALS2.dbf'
size 100M;
Tablespace created.
SQL>
9.
Return to the grid terminal and view the TBS_ALIAS2 tablespace datafile and the alias.
ASMCMD> ls -lL +DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE
Type
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
Redund
MIRROR
MIRROR
MIRROR
MIRROR
MIRROR
MIRROR
MIRROR
MIRROR
Striped
COARSE
COARSE
COARSE
COARSE
COARSE
COARSE
COARSE
COARSE
Time
APR 24
APR 25
APR 24
APR 25
APR 24
APR 24
APR 24
APR 24
ASMCMD> ls -lL +DATA/
Type
Redund Striped
09:00:00
15:00:00
09:00:00
15:00:00
10:00:00
09:00:00
09:00:00
09:00:00
Sys
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Name
EXAMPLE.285.874129281
SYSAUX.277.874128911
SYSTEM.278.874128989
TBS_ALIAS2.295.877967521
UNDOTBS1.280.874129143
UNDOTBS2.286.874130065
UNDOTBS3.287.874130071
USERS.279.874129129
Time
DATAFILE MIRROR COARSE
APR 25 15:00:00
+DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE/TBS_ALIAS2.295.877967521
PASSWORD HIGH
COARSE
MAR 11 18:00:00
+DATA/ASM/PASSWORD/pwdasm.256.874088021
Sys
Y
Y
N
Name
ASM/
ORCL/
TBS_ALS2.dbf =>
Y
Y
N
_MGMTDB/
cluster01/
orapwasm =>
ASMCMD>
10. Return to the oracle terminal and drop the TBS_ALIAS2 tablespace. This time, include
the “including contents and datafiles” clause as follows:
SQL> drop tablespace TBS_ALIAS2 including contents and datafiles;
Tablespace dropped.
SQL> exit
[[email protected] ~]$
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Practices for Lesson 6: Administering ASM Files, Directories, and Templates
Chapter 6 - Page 23
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8.
ASMCMD> ls -lL +DATA
Type
Redund Striped
Time
PASSWORD HIGH
COARSE
MAR 11 18:00:00
+DATA/ASM/PASSWORD/pwdasm.256.874088021
Sys
Y
Y
Y
Y
N
Name
ASM/
ORCL/
_MGMTDB/
cluster01/
orapwasm =>
ASMCMD> ls -lL +DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE
Type
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
DATAFILE
Redund
MIRROR
MIRROR
MIRROR
MIRROR
MIRROR
MIRROR
MIRROR
Striped
COARSE
COARSE
COARSE
COARSE
COARSE
COARSE
COARSE
Time
APR 24
APR 25
APR 24
APR 24
APR 24
APR 24
APR 24
09:00:00
12:00:00
09:00:00
10:00:00
09:00:00
09:00:00
09:00:00
Sys
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Name
EXAMPLE.285.874129281
SYSAUX.277.874128911
SYSTEM.278.874128989
UNDOTBS1.280.874129143
UNDOTBS2.286.874130065
UNDOTBS3.287.874130071
USERS.279.874129129
ASMCMD> exit
[[email protected] ~]$
12. Close all the terminals that were opened for this practice.
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11. Return to the grid terminal. List the contents of +DATA and +DATA/ORCL/DATAFILE.
Dropping the tablespace with the “including contents and datafiles” clause
removes both the tablespace datafile and the file alias.
Chapter 7
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Practices for Lesson 7: Administering Oracle CloudFS
Chapter 7 - Page 1
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Practices for Lesson 7:
Administering Oracle
CloudFS
Practices Overview
In this practice, you create, register, and mount an ACFS file system. In addition, you manage
ACFS snapshots.
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Practices for Lesson 7: Overview
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Practices for Lesson 7: Administering Oracle CloudFS
Chapter 7 - Page 2
Overview
In this practice, you create, register, and mount an ACFS file system for general use. You see
the acfs modules that are loaded for ACFS. You create, use, and manage ACFS snapshots.
1. Open a terminal window on your first node and become the root user. Set the
environment for ASM. Use the lsmod command to list the currently loaded modules. Use
the grep command to display only the modules that have the ora string in them. Note the
first three modules in the following list. These modules are required to enable ADVM and
ACFS. The oracleasm module is loaded to enable ASMlib management of the ASM disks.
Check all three nodes.
[[email protected]_pc ~] $ ssh [email protected]
Password: *****
[[email protected] ~]# . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [root] ? +ASM1
The Oracle base has been set to /u01/app/grid
[[email protected] ~]#
/* on host01 */
[[email protected]]# lsmod | grep ora
oracleacfs
3310765 0
oracleadvm
506070 1
oracleoks
508392 2 oracleacfs,oracleadvm
[[email protected] ~]#
/* on host02 */
[[email protected]]# ssh host02 lsmod | grep ora
oracleacfs
3310765 0
oracleadvm
506070 1
oracleoks
508392 2 oracleacfs,oracleadvm
[[email protected] ~]#
/* on host03 */
[[email protected] ~]# ssh host03 lsmod | grep ora
oracleacfs
3310765 0
oracleadvm
506070 1
oracleoks
508392 2 oracleacfs,oracleadvm
[[email protected] ~]#
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Practice 7-1: Managing ACFS
Scenario: Your database application creates a number of image files that are stored as
BFILES and external tables. These must be stored on a shared resource. An ACFS file
system meets that requirement. First, create an ASM disk group strictly for ACFS volumes.
Create an ASM volume and the ACFS file system. The ACFS volume should be 3 GB on
the ACFS disk group. The mount point should be
/u01/app/oracle/asfcmounts/images. These operations can be performed with
ASMCA, ASMCMD, or SQL*Plus. The ASMCA solution is shown as follows.
a. Open a terminal window on your first node as the grid user, set the environment, and
start ASMCA.
[[email protected]_pc ~] $ ssh –X [email protected]
Password: <oracle>
[[email protected]]$ . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [grid] ? +ASM1
The Oracle base has been set to /u01/app/grid
[[email protected]]$ asmca
b.
From the grid terminal window, use ASMCA to create a disk group called ACFS.
Step Screen/Page Description
Choices or Values
a.
Disk Groups
Click Create.
b.
Create Disk Group
Enter ACFS in the Disk Group Name field.
Ensure that Normal is selected as the default
for redundancy level. Select
/dev/asmdisk2p10, /dev/asmdisk2p11,
/dev/asmdisk2p3, and /dev/asmdisk2p4.
Click Show Advanced Options, ensure that
ASM Compatibility is set to 12.1.0.0.0, and set
ADVM Compatibility to 12.1.0.0.0. Click OK.
c.
Disk Groups
Check that ACFS is mounted on all three
nodes.
c.
Next, create a volume called IMAGES. Click the Volumes folder tab, and then click
Create. Enter IMAGES in the Volume Name field. Enter 500 M Bytes in the Size field.
Click OK. When the operation has completed, click OK in the Volume: Creation dialog
box. Check the Volume State. If it shows Unknown, refresh the ASMCA display by
switching between folder tabs. If it shows Disabled, right-click the volume and select
Enable on All Nodes.
Next, you create an ACFS file system by using the newly created volume. Take notice
of the Volume Device that is displayed on the Volumes folder tab of ASMCA. In this
example, the device is /dev/asm/images-127. Your name will likely be slightly
different.
Click the ASM Cluster File Systems tab, and then click Create. Enter
/u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images in the Mount Point field. Enter oracle in
the Username field and dba in the Group Name field. Make sure that the correct device
is displayed in the Select Volume name field. Click OK.
d.
e.
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2.
You are prompted to run the
/u01/app/grid/cfgtoollogs/asmca/scripts/acfs_script.sh script as the
root user. Go to the root terminal and take a moment to inspect the contents of the
script. Execute it when you are ready.
[[email protected] ~]# cat
/u01/app/grid/cfgtoollogs/asmca/scripts/acfs_script.sh
#!/bin/sh
/u01/app/12.1.0/grid/bin/srvctl add filesystem -d /dev/asm/images127 -m /u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images -u oracle -fstype ACFS autostart ALWAYS
if [ $? = "0" -o $? = "2" ]; then
/u01/app/12.1.0/grid/bin/srvctl start filesystem -d
/dev/asm/images-127
if [ $? = "0" ]; then
chown oracle:dba /u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images
chmod 775 /u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images
/u01/app/12.1.0/grid/bin/srvctl status filesystem -d
/dev/asm/images-127
exit 0
fi
/u01/app/12.1.0/grid/bin/srvctl status filesystem -d
/dev/asm/images-127
fi
[[email protected] ~]#
/u01/app/grid/cfgtoollogs/asmca/scripts/acfs_script.sh
ACFS file system /u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images is mounted on
nodes host01,host02,host03
[[email protected] ~]#
g.
3.
Click Close in the Run ACFS Script dialog box. Click Exit to quit ASMCA.
As the grid user, use the crsctl command to inspect the resource that was created for
the new ACFS file system. Make sure that it is mounted on all three nodes.
[[email protected] ~]$ crsctl stat res -t
-------------------------------------------------------------------Name
Target State
Server
State
details
-------------------------------------------------------------------Local Resources
-------------------------------------------------------------------ora.ACFS.IMAGES.advm
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
Volume
device /dev/asm/images-127 is online,STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
Volume
device /dev/asm/images-127 is online,STABLE
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f.
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Chapter 7 - Page 6
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ONLINE ONLINE
host03
Volume
device /dev/asm/images-127 is online,STABLE
ora.ACFS.dg
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.ASMNET2LSNR_ASM.lsnr
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.DATA.dg
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.FRA.dg
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.LISTENER_LEAF.lsnr
OFFLINE OFFLINE
host04
STABLE
OFFLINE OFFLINE
host05
STABLE
ora.acfs.images.acfs
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
mounted
on /u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images,STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
mounted
on /u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images,STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
mounted
on /u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images,STABLE
ora.net1.network
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.ons
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.proxy_advm
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
-------------------------------------------------------------------Cluster Resources
-------------------------------------------------------------------ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
host02
STABLE
host03
STABLE
host01
STABLE
host01
169.254.126.103 192.
168.1.101 192.168.2.
101,STABLE
ora.asm
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
Started,STABLE
2
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
Started,STABLE
3
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
Started,STABLE
ora.cvu
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ora.gns
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ora.gns.vip
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ora.host01.vip
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ora.host02.vip
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ora.host03.vip
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.mgmtdb
1
OFFLINE OFFLINE
STABLE
ora.oc4j
1
OFFLINE OFFLINE
STABLE
ora.orcl.db
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
Open,STABLE
2
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
Open,STABLE
3
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
Open,STABLE
ora.scan1.vip
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ora.scan2.vip
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.scan3.vip
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
-------------------------------------------------------------------[[email protected] ~]$
4.
As the root user, view the registry status of the volume with the acfsutil registry
command.
[[email protected]]# acfsutil registry -l
Device : /dev/asm/images-127 : Mount Point :
/u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images : Options : none : Nodes : all :
Disk Group : ACFS : Volume : IMAGES
[[email protected]]#
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1
ONLINE ONLINE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN2.lsnr
1
ONLINE ONLINE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN3.lsnr
1
ONLINE ONLINE
ora.MGMTLSNR
1
ONLINE ONLINE
An ACFS file system can be resized, and it will automatically resize the volume if there is
sufficient space in the disk group. The images file system is near capacity. Increase the file
system by 128 MB. As the root user, use the acfsutil size +128M
/u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images command.
[[email protected]]# acfsutil size +128M /u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images
acfsutil size: new file system size: 671088640 (640MB)
[[email protected] ~]#
6.
As the oracle user, transfer a set of images to
/u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images. Unzip the images in
/stage/ASM/labs/less_07/images.zip to the IMAGES file system.
[[email protected]]$ cd /stage/ASM/labs/less_07
[[email protected] less_07]$ unzip images.zip -d
/u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images
Archive: images.zip
creating: /u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images/gridInstall/
inflating: /u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images/gridInstall/asm.gif
inflating:
/u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images/gridInstall/bullet2.gif
...
inflating:
/u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images/gridInstall/view_image.gif
extracting:
/u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images/gridInstall/white_spacer.gif
[[email protected] less_07]$
7. Verify that the files have been extracted.
[[email protected] less_07]$ ls -R /u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images
/u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images:
gridInstall lost+found
/u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images/gridInstall:
asm.gif
t20108.gif
t30104.gif
bullet2.gif
t20109a.gif
t30105.gif
bullet.gif
t20109b.gif
t30106.gif
divider.gif
t20110.gif
t30107.gif
gradient.gif
t20111a.gif
t30108a.gif
MoveAllButton.gif t20111b.gif
t30108.gif
MoveButton.gif
t20111c.gif
t30109.gif
rpm-oracleasm.gif t20111.gif
t30110.gif
show_me.gif
t20112.gif
t30111.gif
t10101.gif
t20113.gif
t30112a.gif
t10102.gif
t20113h.gif
t30112.gif
t10103.gif
t20114c.gif
t30113a.gif
t10201.gif
t20114login.gif
t30113b.gif
t10202.gif
t20114server.gif t30114a.gif
t10203.gif
t20117add.gif
t30114b.gif
Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Practices for Lesson 7: Administering Oracle CloudFS
Chapter 7 - Page 8
t30119d.gif
t30119.gif
t30120a.gif
t30120b.gif
t30121d.gif
t30123a.gif
t30123b.gif
t30123c.gif
t30201.gif
t30202.gif
t30203.gif
t30204a.gif
t30204.gif
t30205.gif
t30206.gif
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5.
8.
Create a snapshot of the IMAGES file system. Use the ACFSUTIL utility as the root user
to execute the following command:
/sbin/acfsutil snap create snap_001 /u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images
[[email protected]]# /sbin/acfsutil snap create snap_001
/u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images
acfsutil snap create: Snapshot operation is complete.
[[email protected]]#
9.
Find the .SNAP directory and explore the entries. How much space does the
gridInstall directory tree use? How much space does the
.ACFS/snaps/snap_001/gridInstall directory tree use?
[[email protected]]# cd /u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images
[[email protected]
total 88
drwxrwx--x 5
drwxrwxr-x 4
drwxr-xr-x 2
drwx------ 2
images]# ls -la
oracle
oracle
oracle
root
dba
4096 May
oinstall 4096 May
oinstall 12288 May
root
65536 May
7
7
7
7
23:31
11:53
16:30
15:04
.
..
gridInstall
lost+found
[[email protected] images]# du -h gridInstall
2.0M
gridInstall
[[email protected] images]# ls .ACFS
repl snaps
[[email protected] images]# ls .ACFS/snaps
snap_001
[[email protected] images]# ls .ACFS/snaps/snap_001
gridInstall
[[email protected] images]# du -h .ACFS/snaps/snap_001/gridInstall
2.0M
.ACFS/snaps/snap_001/gridInstall
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t10204.gif
t20117crtbs.gif
t30114.gif
t30207.gif
t10205.gif
t20117emctl.gif
t30115a.gif t30208.gif
t20101.gif
t20117tbs.gif
t30115.gif
t40101.gif
t20102.gif
t20119asm.gif
t30116a.gif t40102.gif
t20103.gif
t2017emctl.gif
t30116b.gif t40104.gif
t20104.gif
t30101a.gif
t30116c.gif t40105a.gif
t20105.gif
t30101b.gif
t30116d.gif t40105b.gif
t20106.gif
t30101c.gif
t30118b.gif Thumbs.db
t20107a.gif
t30102.gif
t30119b.gif view_image.gif
t20107.gif
t30103.gif
t30119c.gif white_spacer.gif
Cannot open directory ls:/u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images/lost+found:
Permission denied
[[email protected] less_07]$
11. Create another snapshot of the IMAGES file system.
[[email protected] images]# /sbin/acfsutil snap create snap_002
/u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images
acfsutil snap create: Snapshot operation is complete.
12. How much space is being used by the snapshots and the files that are stored in the
IMAGES file system? Use the acfsutil info command to find this information.
[[email protected] images]# /sbin/acfsutil info fs
/u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images
ACFS Version: 12.1.0.2.0
on-disk version:
43.0
flags:
MountPoint,Available
mount time:
Thu Apr 16 07:54:01 2015
allocation unit:
4096
volumes:
1
total size:
671088640 ( 640.00 MB )
total free:
482791424 ( 460.42 MB )
file entry table allocation: 1114112
primary volume: /dev/asm/images-127
label:
state:
Available
major, minor:
251, 17409
size:
671088640 ( 640.00 MB )
free:
482791424 ( 460.42 MB )
ADVM diskgroup
ACFS
ADVM resize increment: 67108864
ADVM redundancy:
mirror
ADVM stripe columns:
8
ADVM stripe width:
1048576
number of snapshots: 2
snapshot space usage: 2228224 (
2.12 MB )
replication status: DISABLED
[[email protected] images]#
13. Restore the asm.gif file to the file system from the snapshot.
a. The snapshot is a sparse file representation of the file system, so you can browse the
snapshot as if it were a full file system. All the OS file commands are functional. Find
the asm.gif file in the snapshot. Perform this operation as the root user.
[[email protected]]# cd /u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images
[[email protected] images]# find .ACFS -name asm.gif
.ACFS/snaps/snap_001/gridInstall/asm.gif
...
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10. Delete the asm.gif file from the IMAGES file system.
[[email protected] images]# rm gridInstall/asm.gif
rm: remove regular file `gridInstall/asm.gif'? y
[[email protected] images]#
Restore the asm.gif file by copying from the snapshot to the original location.
[[email protected] images]# cp ./.ACFS/snaps/snap_001/gridInstall/asm.gif
./gridInstall/asm.gif
14. Dismount the IMAGES file system from all the three nodes. This command must be
executed by the root user. If the directory is busy, execute lsof +d
/u01/app/oracle/acfsmount/images to find the user that is holding the directory
open and stop that session.
[[email protected] images]# cd
[[email protected] ~]# srvctl stop filesystem -d /dev/asm/images-127
[[email protected] ~]#
15. Remove the IMAGES ACFS file system and volume by using ASMCA that is started from
the grid terminal window.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmca
a.
Click the ASM Cluster File Systems folder tab. Right-click /dev/asm/images-127
(your device name will be slightly different). Select Delete. Click Yes to confirm.
In your root terminal window, run the script as prompted by the ASM Cluster File
System: Delete dialog box. Close the dialog box when the script has been run.
[[email protected] ~]# /u01/app/12.1.0/grid/bin/srvctl remove filesystem d /dev/asm/images-127
[[email protected] ~]#
b.
Click the Volumes tab. Right-click the Volume Device name and select Delete. Click
the Disk Groups tab and right-click ACFS under the Disk Group Name column. Select
Drop. Click Yes to confirm. Click Exit to end your ASMCA session.
16. As the grid user, execute crsctl to confirm that the resources associated with the ACFS
file system have been removed.
[[email protected] ~]$ crsctl stat res -t|more
-------------------------------------------------------------------Name
Target State
Server
State
details
-------------------------------------------------------------------Local Resources
-------------------------------------------------------------------ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.ASMNET2LSNR_ASM.lsnr
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
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Chapter 7 - Page 11
Oracle University and Mazz Soluciones SRL use only
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b.
ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ONLINE
ONLINE
ONLINE
ONLINE
ONLINE
ONLINE
host01
host02
host03
STABLE
STABLE
STABLE
ora.FRA.dg
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.LISTENER_LEAF.lsnr
OFFLINE OFFLINE
host04
STABLE
OFFLINE OFFLINE
host05
STABLE
ora.net1.network
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.ons
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
-------------------------------------------------------------------Cluster Resources
-------------------------------------------------------------------ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN2.lsnr
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN3.lsnr
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ora.MGMTLSNR
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
169.254.126.103 192.
168.1.101 192.168.2.
101,STABLE
ora.asm
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
Started,STABLE
2
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
Started,STABLE
3
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
Started,STABLE
ora.cvu
1
OFFLINE OFFLINE
host01
STABLE
ora.gns
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ora.gns.vip
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ora.host01.vip
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ora.host02.vip
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ora.host03.vip
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ONLINE
ora.DATA.dg
ONLINE
ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.mgmtdb
1
OFFLINE OFFLINE
STABLE
ora.oc4j
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
ora.orcl.db
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
Open,STABLE
2
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
Open,STABLE
3
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
Open,STABLE
ora.scan1.vip
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host02
STABLE
ora.scan2.vip
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host03
STABLE
ora.scan3.vip
1
ONLINE ONLINE
host01
STABLE
-------------------------------------------------------------------[[email protected] ~]$
17. Close all the terminal windows that were opened for this practice.
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Chapter 7 - Page 13
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1
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Chapter 7 - Page 14
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Chapter 8
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Practices for Appendix A
Chapter 8 - Page 1
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Practices for Appendix A
Practices Overview
In these practices, you configure and use:
•
HANFS
•
ASM Filter Driver
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Practices for Appendix A: Overview
Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Practices for Appendix A
Chapter 8 - Page 2
Overview
In this practice, you configure and use High Availability NFS (HANFS). You also shut down
(crash) the node that is running the HANFS service and watch it migrate to a surviving node.
Tasks
1.
Establish a terminal session connected to host01 by using the root OS user.
[[email protected]_pc ~]$ ssh [email protected]
[email protected]'s password: ******
[[email protected] ~]#
2.
Configure the environment by using the oraenv script. Enter +ASM1 when you are
prompted for an ORACLE_SID value.
[[email protected] ~]# . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [grid] ? +ASM1
The Oracle base has been set to /u01/app/grid
[[email protected] ~]#
3.
HANFS requires a running NFS service on each node that can host the HANFS services.
Use the following command to confirm that NFS is running on host01.
[[email protected] ~]# service nfs status
rpc.svcgssd is stopped
rpc.mountd (pid 1495) is running...
nfsd (pid 1558 1557 1556 1555 1554 1553 1552 1551) is running...
rpc.rquotad (pid 1491) is running...
[[email protected] ~]#
4.
Confirm that NFS is also running on host02 and host03.
[[email protected] ~]# ssh host02 service nfs
rpc.svcgssd is stopped
rpc.mountd (pid 1473) is running...
nfsd (pid 1536 1535 1534 1533 1532 1531
rpc.rquotad (pid 1469) is running...
[[email protected] ~]# ssh host03 service nfs
rpc.svcgssd is stopped
rpc.mountd (pid 1537) is running...
nfsd (pid 1600 1599 1598 1597 1596 1595
rpc.rquotad (pid 1533) is running...
[[email protected] ~]#
status
1530 1529) is running...
status
1594 1593) is running...
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Practice A-1: Configuring and Using HANFS
Soon you will create a new Cloud FS file system. In preparation for the new file system,
create a mount point directory on host01.
[[email protected] ~]# mkdir -p /mnt/acfsmounts/acfs1
[[email protected] ~]#
6.
Create the mount point directory on host02 and host03.
[[email protected] ~]# ssh host02 mkdir -p /mnt/acfsmounts/acfs1
[[email protected] ~]#
7.
Become the grid OS user and set your environment.
[[email protected] ~]# su - grid
[[email protected] ~]$ . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [grid] ? +ASM1
The Oracle base has been set to /u01/app/grid
[[email protected] ~]$
8.
Start the ASM Command Utility (ASMCMD).
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd
ASMCMD>
9.
Modify the DATA disk group to enable all the new ASM Dynamic Volume (ADVM) features
included in release 12.1.
ASMCMD> setattr -G DATA compatible.advm 12.1.0.0.0
ASMCMD>
10. Create a new volume. Place the volume in the DATA disk group and set the volume size to
300 MB. Name the volume VOL1.
ASMCMD> volcreate -G DATA -s 300m VOL1
ASMCMD>
11. Examine the newly created volume and take note of the volume device that is associated
with it. Note that your volume device will be different from that shown (/dev/asm/vol1193). Make a note of the volume device because you will require it numerous times in the
following steps:
ASMCMD> volinfo -G DATA VOL1
Diskgroup Name: DATA
Volume Name: VOL1
Volume Device: /dev/asm/vol1-193
State: ENABLED
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5.
ASMCMD>
12. Exit ASMCMD.
ASMCMD> exit
[[email protected] ~]$
13. Exit your grid OS session.
[[email protected] ~]$ exit
logout
[[email protected] ~]#
14. Make an acfs file system on the newly created volume. Use the volume device that you
identified in step 11.
[[email protected] ~]# mkfs -t acfs /dev/asm/vol1-193
mkfs.acfs: version
= 12.1.0.2.0
mkfs.acfs: on-disk version
= 39.0
mkfs.acfs: volume
= /dev/asm/vol1-193
mkfs.acfs: volume size
= 335544320 ( 320.00 MB )
mkfs.acfs: Format complete.
[[email protected] ~]#
15. Create a new Cloud FS file system resource by using the volume device that you identified
in step 11 along with the mount points that you created at the beginning of the practice.
[[email protected] ~]# srvctl add filesystem -m /mnt/acfsmounts/acfs1
-d /dev/asm/vol1-193
[[email protected] ~]#
16. Start the new Cloud FS file system.
[[email protected] ~]# srvctl start filesystem -d /dev/asm/vol1-193
[[email protected] ~]#
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Size (MB): 320
Resize Unit (MB): 64
Redundancy: MIRROR
Stripe Columns: 8
Stripe Width (K): 1024
Usage:
Mountpath:
[[email protected] ~]# srvctl status filesystem
ACFS file system /mnt/acfsmounts/acfs1 is mounted on nodes
host01,host02, host03
[[email protected] ~]#
18. Create a small text file inside the new Cloud FS file system.
[[email protected] ~]# echo “Test File on ACFS” >
/mnt/acfsmounts/acfs1/testfile.txt
[[email protected] ~]#
19. Access the file from another node to demonstrate that the Cloud FS file system is working
correctly.
[[email protected] ~]# ssh host02 cat
/mnt/acfsmounts/acfs1/testfile.txt
Test File on ACFS
[[email protected] ~]#
20. Modify the access privileges for your new file to enable access by any user.
[[email protected] ~]# chmod 777 /mnt/acfsmounts/acfs1/testfile.txt
[[email protected] ~]#
At this point, you have created and tested a new Cloud FS file system. In the next part of
this practice, you publish it by using HANFS.
21. Your environment is preconfigured with a host name and IP address that you will use to
configure HANFS. Examine the IP address that is associated with the host name
c01havip.
[[email protected] ~]# nslookup c01havip
Server:
192.0.2.1
Address:
192.0.2.1#53
Name:
c01havip.example.com
Address: 192.0.2.159
[[email protected] ~]#
22. Create a new havip cluster resource by using the host name c01havip. Use havip1 as
the identifier for the new havip resource.
[[email protected] ~]# srvctl add havip -address c01havip -id havip1
[[email protected] ~]#
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17. Execute the srvctl status filesystem command. On which nodes is VOL1 mounted?
Did you create a mount point on host03?
− -id havip1: Specifies the havip resource that is used to export the file system
− -path /mnt/acfsmounts/acfs1: Specifies the file system that is being exported
− -name export1: Specifies the name that is used to identify the exportfs
resource
− -options rw: Specifies the NFS options for the exported file system
− -clients *.export.com: Specifies the clients permitted to access the exported
file system
[[email protected] ~]# srvctl add exportfs -id havip1 -path
/mnt/acfsmounts/acfs1 -name export1 -options rw -clients
*.example.com
[[email protected] ~]#
24. Start the newly created exportfs resource.
[[email protected] ~]# srvctl start exportfs -name export1
[[email protected] ~]#
25. Confirm that the exportfs resource is running. Note the server that the file system is
exported on (host01 in the following example).
[[email protected] ~]# srvctl status exportfs
export file system export1 is enabled
export file system export1 is exported on node host01
[[email protected] ~]#
26. Confirm that the havip resource is also running. The havip resource is started whenever
an associated exportfs resource is started. Note that the havip resource is located on
the same server as the exportfs resource.
[[email protected] ~]# srvctl status havip
HAVIP ora.havip1.havip is enabled
HAVIP ora.havip1.havip is running on nodes host01
[[email protected] ~]#
27. Establish another terminal session connected to host04 as the root OS user. In the
remainder of this practice, you will use host04 as an NFS client.
[[email protected]_pc ~] $ ssh [email protected]
[email protected]’s password: *******
[[email protected] ~]#
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23. Create a new exportfs cluster resource. The exportfs resource publishes the specified
file system by using HANFS. Following is a summary of the options used:
[[email protected] ~]# mkdir –p /mnt/hanfs1
[[email protected] ~]#
29. Mount the HANFS exported file system.
[[email protected] ~]# mount -o vers=3 c01havip:/mnt/acfsmounts/acfs1
/mnt/hanfs1
[[email protected] ~]#
HANFS supports NFS V2 and V3. If your NFS client is V4, include the –o option.
30. Execute the df command. Examine the output and confirm that the HANFS exported file
system is mounted.
[[email protected] ~]# df
Filesystem
1K-blocks
Used Available Use% Mounted on
/dev/xvda2
11677568
3258924
7825444 30% /
tmpfs
2097152
0
2097152
0% /dev/shm
/dev/xvda1
247919
118542
116577 51% /boot
/dev/xvdb1
16512936
7968484
7705644 51% /u01
/dev/xvde1
7739360
6631200
715024 91% /stage
c01havip:/mnt/acfsmounts/acfs1
327680
183296
144384 56% /mnt/hanfs1
[[email protected] ~]#
31. Become the grid OS user.
[[email protected] ~]# su – grid
[[email protected] ~]$
32. Using your HANFS mount, edit the text file that you created earlier in this practice.
[[email protected] ~]$ vi /mnt/hanfs1/testfile.txt
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28. Create an empty directory to use as an NFS mount point.
Test File on ACFS
Here is some more text…
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
-- INSERT --
2,26
34. Back in your root terminal session on host01, stop Clusterware on the server that is
running the HANFS services; that is, the server running the exportfs and havip
resources, which you identified in steps 25 and 26.
[[email protected] ~]# crsctl stop cluster –n host01 –f
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.crsd' on 'host01'
CRS-2790: Starting shutdown of Cluster Ready Services-managed
resources on 'host01'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.DATA.dg' on 'host01'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.havip1.havip' on 'host01'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.LISTENER.lsnr' on 'host01'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN2.lsnr' on
'host01'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.DATA.dg' on 'host01' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ACFS.dg' on 'host01'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.FRA.dg' on 'host01'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.FRA.dg' on 'host01' succeeded
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Practices for Appendix A
Chapter 8 - Page 9
All
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33. Add some text to the file and leave the file open. If you are unfamiliar with vi, type o to add
a new line, and then type some text.
Stop of 'ora.ACFS.dg' on 'host01' succeeded
Attempting to stop 'ora.asm' on 'host01'
Stop of 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN2.lsnr' on 'host01'
Attempting to stop 'ora.scan2.vip' on 'host01'
Stop of 'ora.LISTENER.lsnr' on 'host01' succeeded
Attempting to stop 'ora.host01.vip' on 'host01'
Stop of 'ora.havip1.havip' on 'host01' succeeded
Attempting to stop 'ora.export1.export' on 'host01'
Stop of 'ora.scan2.vip' on 'host01' succeeded
Attempting to start 'ora.scan2.vip' on 'host02'
Stop of 'ora.asm' on 'host01' succeeded
Attempting to stop 'ora.ASMNET2LSNR_ASM.lsnr' on
Attempting to stop 'ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr' on
Stop of 'ora.host01.vip' on 'host01' succeeded
Attempting to start 'ora.host01.vip' on 'host03'
Stop of 'ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr' on 'host01'
Stop of 'ora.ASMNET2LSNR_ASM.lsnr' on 'host01'
Stop of 'ora.export1.export' on 'host01' succeeded
Attempting to stop 'ora.data.vol1.acfs' on 'host01'
Attempting to start 'ora.export1.export' on 'host02'
Start of 'ora.export1.export' on 'host02' succeeded
Stop of 'ora.data.vol1.acfs' on 'host01' succeeded
Attempting to start 'ora.havip1.havip' on 'host02'
Start of 'ora.scan2.vip' on 'host02' succeeded
Attempting to start 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN2.lsnr' on
Start of 'ora.host01.vip' on 'host03' succeeded
Start of 'ora.havip1.havip' on 'host02' succeeded
Attempting to stop 'ora.DATA.VOL1.advm' on 'host01'
Stop of 'ora.DATA.VOL1.advm' on 'host01' succeeded
Attempting to stop 'ora.proxy_advm' on 'host01'
Start of 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN2.lsnr' on 'host02'
Stop of 'ora.proxy_advm' on 'host01' succeeded
Attempting to stop 'ora.ons' on 'host01'
Stop of 'ora.ons' on 'host01' succeeded
Attempting to stop 'ora.net1.network' on 'host01'
Stop of 'ora.net1.network' on 'host01' succeeded
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CRS-2677:
CRS-2673:
CRS-2677:
succeeded
CRS-2673:
CRS-2677:
CRS-2673:
CRS-2677:
CRS-2673:
CRS-2677:
CRS-2672:
CRS-2677:
CRS-2673:
'host01'
CRS-2673:
'host01'
CRS-2677:
CRS-2672:
CRS-2677:
succeeded
CRS-2677:
succeeded
CRS-2677:
CRS-2673:
CRS-2672:
CRS-2676:
CRS-2677:
CRS-2672:
CRS-2676:
CRS-2672:
'host02'
CRS-2676:
CRS-2676:
CRS-2673:
CRS-2677:
CRS-2673:
CRS-2676:
succeeded
CRS-2677:
CRS-2673:
CRS-2677:
CRS-2673:
CRS-2677:
35. Because cluster services have been shut down on host01, ssh to host02 and set the
environment. Confirm that the HANFS services have migrated to another server (host02 in
the following example).
[[email protected] ~]# ssh host02
[[email protected] ~]# ps -ef|grep asm_smon
grid
7554
1 0 Apr03 ?
root
10197 10151 0 14:04 pts/0
00:00:15 asm_smon_+ASM3
00:00:00 grep asm_smon
[[email protected] ~]# . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [root] ? +ASM3
The Oracle base has been set to /u01/app/grid
[[email protected] ~]# srvctl status exportfs
export file system export1 is enabled
export file system export1 is exported on node host02
[[email protected] ~]# srvctl status havip
HAVIP ora.havip1.havip is enabled
HAVIP ora.havip1.havip is running on nodes host02
[[email protected] ~]#
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CRS-2792: Shutdown of Cluster Ready Services-managed resources
on 'host01' has completed
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.crsd' on 'host01' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ctssd' on 'host01'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.evmd' on 'host01'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.storage' on 'host01'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.storage' on 'host01' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.asm' on 'host01'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ctssd' on 'host01' succeeded
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.evmd' on 'host01' succeeded
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.asm' on 'host01' succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on
'host01'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'host01'
succeeded
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cssd' on 'host01'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cssd' on 'host01' succeeded
[[email protected] ~]#
Test File on ACFS
Here is some more text…
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
:wq
37. Examine the file that you just edited to confirm that your changes were saved. Now you
have seen HANFS in action.
[[email protected]
Test File on
Here is some
[[email protected]
~]$ cat /mnt/hanfs1/testfile.txt
ACFS
more text…
~]$
38. Back in your root terminal session on host02, restart Clusterware on the server where
you stopped it in step 34.
[[email protected] ~]# crsctl start cluster –n host01
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'host01'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.evmd' on 'host01'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'host01' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssd' on 'host01'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.diskmon' on 'host01'
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36. Back in the NFS client session on host04, save the file and exit vi (type <Esc> :wq
<Enter>). You may notice a slight pause while the NFS connection is re-established.
Start of 'ora.diskmon' on 'host01' succeeded
Start of 'ora.evmd' on 'host01' succeeded
Start of 'ora.cssd' on 'host01' succeeded
Attempting to start 'ora.ctssd' on 'host01'
Attempting to start 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on
Start of 'ora.ctssd' on 'host01' succeeded
Start of 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'host01'
Attempting to start 'ora.asm' on 'host01'
Start of 'ora.asm' on 'host01' succeeded
Attempting to start 'ora.storage' on 'host01'
Start of 'ora.storage' on 'host01' succeeded
Attempting to start 'ora.crsd' on 'host01'
Start of 'ora.crsd' on 'host01' succeeded
[[email protected] ~]# exit
[[email protected] ~]#
So far you have seen how HANFS services are automatically migrated when clusterware is
stopped (or a server fails). However, HANFS services can also be manually relocated,
which may be useful when you wish to prepare for a period of planned maintenance for
example.
39. Manually relocate the havip resource. Specify the server where you just restarted
clusterware as the relocation target (by using the –n option). Note that the exportfs
resource is automatically relocated when the havip resource is relocated. If you receive an
error message indicating that the relocation target is not online, wait a few seconds and try
again.
[[email protected] ~]# srvctl relocate havip –id havip1 –n host01 –f
HAVIP was relocated successfully
[[email protected] ~]#
40. Confirm that the HANFS services are relocated.
[[email protected] ~]# srvctl status exportfs
export file system export1 is enabled
export file system export1 is exported on node host01
[[email protected] ~]# srvctl status havip
HAVIP ora.havip1.havip is enabled
HAVIP ora.havip1.havip is running on nodes host01
[[email protected] ~]#
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CRS-2676:
CRS-2676:
CRS-2676:
CRS-2672:
CRS-2672:
'host01'
CRS-2676:
CRS-2676:
succeeded
CRS-2672:
CRS-2676:
CRS-2672:
CRS-2676:
CRS-2672:
CRS-2676:
[[email protected] ~]$ exit
logout
[[email protected] ~]#
42. Unmount the NFS mount on host04.
[[email protected] ~]# umount /mnt/hanfs1
[[email protected] ~]#
43. Back in your root terminal session on host01, stop the HANFS services.
[[email protected] ~]# srvctl stop exportfs -name export1 -f
[[email protected] ~]#
44. Stop the Cloud FS file system that you have used throughout this practice.
[[email protected] ~]# srvctl stop filesystem -d /dev/asm/vol1-193
[[email protected] ~]#
Congratulations! You have successfully configured and used High Availability NFS
(HANFS).
45. Close all the terminal windows that were opened for this practice.
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41. Exit the grid terminal session on host04 and return to the root terminal session.
Overview
In this practice, you configure and use the new Oracle ASM Filter Driver. You see how to
configure ASM Filter Driver on a new cluster that is running Oracle Grid Infrastructure version
12.1.0.2, and you perform tests to demonstrate how ASM Filter Driver protects data integrity by
preventing unauthorized changes to the disk devices that it manages.
Tasks
Part 1: Configuring ASM Filter Driver
By default, ASM Filter Driver is not configured on a new or an upgraded cluster. In the first part
of this practice, you configure ASM Filter Driver in a rolling manner on a two-node cluster that is
running Oracle Grid Infrastructure version 12.1.0.2.
1. Establish a terminal session connected to host01 as the grid user and configure the
terminal environment as follows:
[[email protected]_pc ~] $ ssh –X [email protected]
[[email protected] ~]$ . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [grid] ? +ASM1
The Oracle base has been set to /u01/app/grid
[[email protected] ~]$
2.
ASM Filter Driver should be configured on all the hub nodes in a cluster. Examine your
cluster and take note of the hub nodes in the cluster.
[[email protected] ~]$ olsnodes -a
host01 Hub
host03 Hub
host02 Hub
host05 Leaf
host04 Leaf
[[email protected] ~]$
3.
Examine the ASM environment and take note of the ASM disk string setting.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd dsget
parameter:/dev/asmdisk*
profile:/dev/asmdisk*
[[email protected] ~]$
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Practice A-2: Configuring and Using ASM Filter Driver
Add AFD:* to the ASM disk string to enable future discovery of disks controlled by ASM
Filter Driver. Confirm the new setting.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd dsset '/dev/asmdisk*','AFD:*'
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd dsget
parameter:/dev/asmdisk*, AFD:*
profile:/dev/asmdisk*,AFD:*
[[email protected] ~]$
5.
Open a terminal from your desktop to host01 as the root user. ASM Filter Driver can be
configured in a rolling fashion, that is, one node at a time. To configure ASM Filter Driver on
each node, first stop Oracle Clusterware.
[[email protected]_pc ~]$ ssh [email protected]
[email protected]'s password: *****
Last login: Thu Apr 9 10:25:52 2015 from 192.0.2.1
[[email protected] ~]#
[[email protected] ~]# . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [root] ? +ASM1
The Oracle base has been set to /u01/app/grid
[[email protected] ~]# crsctl stop crs
CRS-2791: Starting shutdown of Oracle High Availability
Services-managed resources on 'host01'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.crsd' on 'host01'
CRS-2790: Starting shutdown of Cluster Ready Services-managed
resources on 'host01'
...
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gipcd' on 'host01'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gipcd' on 'host01' succeeded
CRS-2793: Shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed
resources on 'host01' has completed
CRS-4133: Oracle High Availability Services has been stopped.
[[email protected] ~]#
6.
After Oracle Clusterware is stopped, execute the ASM Filter Driver configuration command.
Notice that the command must be executed as the root user.
[[email protected] ~]# asmcmd afd_configure
Connected to an idle instance.
AFD-627: AFD distribution files found.
AFD-636: Installing requested AFD software.
AFD-637: Loading installed AFD drivers.
AFD-9321: Creating udev for AFD.
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4.
[[email protected] ~]#
7.
Confirm the configuration and ensure that the ASM Filter Driver state is reported as
LOADED.
[[email protected]
Connected to
ASMCMD-9526:
'DEFAULT' on
~]# asmcmd afd_state
an idle instance.
The AFD state is 'LOADED' and filtering is
host 'host01'
[[email protected] ~]#
8.
Restart Oracle Clusterware.
[[email protected] ~]# crsctl start crs -wait
CRS-4123: Starting Oracle High Availability Services-managed
resources
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.mdnsd' on 'host01'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.evmd' on 'host01'
...
CRS-6016: Resource auto-start has completed for server host01
CRS-6024: Completed start of Oracle Cluster Ready Servicesmanaged resources
CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started.
[[email protected] ~]#
9.
Go to the grid terminal session and examine the ASM Filter Driver disk string setting. You
find that the ASM Filter Driver disk string is initially empty.
Note: Do not confuse the ASM disk string with the ASM Filter Driver disk string.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd afd_dsget
AFD discovery string:
[[email protected] ~]$
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AFD-9323: Creating module dependencies - this may take some
time.
AFD-9154: Loading 'oracleafd.ko' driver.
AFD-649: Verifying AFD devices.
AFD-9156: Detecting control device '/dev/oracleafd/admin'.
AFD-638: AFD installation correctness verified.
Modifying resource dependencies - this may take some time.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd afd_dsset '/dev/asmdisk*'
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd afd_dsget
AFD discovery string: '/dev/asmdisk* '
[[email protected] ~]$
11. Repeat the configuration steps 5 through 10 on host02 and host03.
Ensure that you configure all your nodes consistently because any variation between nodes
could cause problems later.
The ASM Filter Driver disk string must be configured separately on every node. This differs
from the ASM disk string, which can be set on one node and is automatically propagated
throughout the cluster.
[[email protected] ~]# ssh host02
[[email protected] ~]# ps -ef|grep asm_smon
root
6560 6430 0 13:07 pts/0
grid
7554
1 0 Apr03 ?
00:00:00 grep asm_smon
00:00:18 asm_smon_+ASM3
[[email protected] ~]# . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [root] ? +ASM3
The Oracle base has been set to /u01/app/grid
[[email protected] ~]# crsctl stop crs
CRS-2791: Starting shutdown of Oracle High Availability
Services-managed resources on 'host02'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.crsd' on 'host02'
CRS-2790: Starting shutdown of Cluster Ready Services-managed
resources on 'host02'
...
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gipcd' on 'host02'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gipcd' on 'host02' succeeded
CRS-2793: Shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed
resources on 'host02' has completed
CRS-4133: Oracle High Availability Services has been stopped.
[[email protected] ~]# asmcmd afd_configure
Connected to an idle instance.
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10. To enable future disk discovery by ASM Filter Driver, set the ASM Filter Driver disk string to
the original ASM disk string setting, which you examined in step 3.
Note: Ensure that you are acting as the grid user (not the root user) when you set the
ASM Filter Driver disk string.
[[email protected]
Connected to
ASMCMD-9526:
'DEFAULT' on
~]# asmcmd afd_state
an idle instance.
The AFD state is 'LOADED' and filtering is
host 'host02'
[[email protected] ~]# crsctl start crs -wait
CRS-4123: Starting Oracle High Availability Services-managed
resources
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.mdnsd' on 'host02'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.evmd' on 'host02'
...
CRS-6016: Resource auto-start has completed for server host02
CRS-6024: Completed start of Oracle Cluster Ready Servicesmanaged resources
CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started.
[[email protected] ~]# exit
logout
Connection to host02 closed.
[[email protected] ~]#
**** Go to grid terminal *****
[[email protected] ~]$ ssh host02
[[email protected] ~]$ . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [grid] ? +ASM3
The Oracle base has been set to /u01/app/grid
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AFD-627: AFD distribution files found.
AFD-636: Installing requested AFD software.
AFD-637: Loading installed AFD drivers.
AFD-9321: Creating udev for AFD.
AFD-9323: Creating module dependencies - this may take some
time.
AFD-9154: Loading 'oracleafd.ko' driver.
AFD-649: Verifying AFD devices.
AFD-9156: Detecting control device '/dev/oracleafd/admin'.
AFD-638: AFD installation correctness verified.
Modifying resource dependencies - this may take some time.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd afd_dsget
AFD discovery string: ' /dev/asmdisk* '
[[email protected] ~]$ exit
logout
Connection to host02 closed.
[[email protected] ~]$
**** Repeat steps 5-11 on host03 ****
**** Return to the root terminal ****
[[email protected] ~]# ssh host03
[[email protected] ~]# ps -ef|grep asm_smon
root
6560 6430 0 13:07 pts/0
grid
7554
1 0 Apr03 ?
00:00:00 grep asm_smon
00:00:18 asm_smon_+ASM2
[[email protected] ~]# . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [root] ? +ASM2
The Oracle base has been set to /u01/app/grid
[[email protected] ~]# crsctl stop crs
CRS-2791: Starting shutdown of Oracle High Availability
Services-managed resources on 'host03'
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.crsd' on 'host03'
CRS-2790: Starting shutdown of Cluster Ready Services-managed
resources on 'host03'
...
CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gipcd' on 'host03'
CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gipcd' on 'host03' succeeded
CRS-2793: Shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed
resources on 'host03' has completed
CRS-4133: Oracle High Availability Services has been stopped.
[[email protected] ~]# asmcmd afd_configure
Connected to an idle instance.
AFD-627: AFD distribution files found.
AFD-636: Installing requested AFD software.
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[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd afd_dsset '/dev/asmdisk*'
[[email protected]
Connected to
ASMCMD-9526:
'DEFAULT' on
~]# asmcmd afd_state
an idle instance.
The AFD state is 'LOADED' and filtering is
host 'host03'
[[email protected] ~]# crsctl start crs -wait
CRS-4123: Starting Oracle High Availability Services-managed
resources
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.mdnsd' on 'host03'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.evmd' on 'host03'
...
CRS-6016: Resource auto-start has completed for server host03
CRS-6024: Completed start of Oracle Cluster Ready Servicesmanaged resources
CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started.
**** Go to grid terminal *****
[[email protected] ~]$ ssh host03
[[email protected] ~]$ . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [grid] ? +ASM2
The Oracle base has been set to /u01/app/grid
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd afd_dsset '/dev/asmdisk*'
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd afd_dsget
AFD discovery string: '/dev/asmdisk* '
[[email protected] ~]$ exit
logout
Connection to host03 closed.
[[email protected] ~]$
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AFD-637: Loading installed AFD drivers.
AFD-9321: Creating udev for AFD.
AFD-9323: Creating module dependencies - this may take some
time.
AFD-9154: Loading 'oracleafd.ko' driver.
AFD-649: Verifying AFD devices.
AFD-9156: Detecting control device '/dev/oracleafd/admin'.
AFD-638: AFD installation correctness verified.
Modifying resource dependencies - this may take some time.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmca
13. Examine your ASM disk group configuration.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsdg
State
Type
Rebal Sector Block
AU
Req_mir_free_MB Usable_file_MB Offline_disks
MOUNTED EXTERN N
512
4096 1048576
0
1806
0
N
MOUNTED NORMAL N
512
4096 1048576
2700
3712
0
MOUNTED EXTERN N
512
4096 1048576
0
7619
0
N
Total_MB Free_MB
Voting_files Name
1950
1806
AFDDG/
27000
10124
Y DATA/
8100
7619
FRA/
[[email protected] ~]$
14. Examine the AFDDG disk group and verify the disk devices that it contains. Do the same
for the FRA disk group.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsdsk -G AFDDG
Path
/dev/asmdisk2p9
/dev/ asmdisk2p10
/dev/ asmdisk2p11
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsdsk -G FRA
Path
/dev/asmdisk1p8
/dev/asmdisk1p9
/dev/asmdisk2p1
[[email protected] ~]$
15. Stop the AFDDG disk group.
[[email protected] ~]$ srvctl stop diskgroup –diskgroup AFDDG
[[email protected] ~]$
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12. Start ASMCA and create a disk group called AFDDG by using external redundancy. Use
the three disks /dev/asmdisk2p9, /dev/asmdisk2p10, and /dev/asmdisk2p11. Exit
ASMCA when you have finished.
•
A label name (ASMDSK2P1, to ASMDSK2P11) is applied to each disk, and the
administrator is free to specify the label of his or her choice.
•
Because asmdisk2p1 belongs to the FRA disk group and asmdisk2p9,
asmdisk2p10, and asmdisk2p11 belong to the new AFDDG disk group, the -migrate option must be specified for these disks. This option is not required when
disks are labeled before use by ASM.
[[email protected]
[[email protected]
[[email protected]
[[email protected]
[[email protected]
[[email protected]
[[email protected]
[gr[email protected]
[[email protected]
[[email protected]
[[email protected]
~]$
~]$
~]$
~]$
~]$
~]$
~]$
~]$
~]$
~]$
~]$
asmcmd
asmcmd
asmcmd
asmcmd
asmcmd
asmcmd
asmcmd
asmcmd
asmcmd
asmcmd
asmcmd
afd_label
afd_label
afd_label
afd_label
afd_label
afd_label
afd_label
afd_label
afd_label
afd_label
afd_label
ASMDSK2P1 /dev/asmdisk2p1 --migrate
ASMDSK2P2 /dev/asmdisk2p2
ASMDSK2P3 /dev/asmdisk2p3
ASMDSK2P4 /dev/asmdisk2p4
ASMDSK2P5 /dev/asmdisk2p5
ASMDSK2P6 /dev/asmdisk2p6
ASMDSK2P7 /dev/asmdisk2p7
ASMDSK2P8 /dev/asmdisk2p8
ASMDSK2P9 /dev/asmdisk2p9 --migrate
ASMDSK2P10 /dev/asmdisk2p10 --migrate
ASMDSK2P11 /dev/asmdisk2p11 --migrate
[[email protected] ~]$
17. Verify that all the disks are labeled as expected.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd afd_lsdsk
---------------------------------------------------------------Label
Filtering
Path
================================================================
ASMDSK2P1
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p1
ASMDSK2P2
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p2
ASMDSK2P3
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p3
ASMDSK2P4
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p4
ASMDSK2P5
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p5
ASMDSK2P6
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p6
ASMDSK2P7
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p7
ASMDSK2P8
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p8
ASMDSK2P9
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p9
ASMDSK2P10
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p10
ASMDSK2P11
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p11
[[email protected] ~]$
At this point, the disks are labeled and visible to the node where the labeling occurred.
However, the label information is not automatically propagated throughout the cluster, and
this must occur on every node that wishes to mount the disk group.
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16. Apply an ASM Filter Driver label to the disk devices associated with asmdisk2, the disk
containing the slices used by the AFDDG disk group.
[[email protected] ~]$ ssh [email protected]
[[email protected] ~]$ . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [grid] ? +ASM3
The Oracle base has been set to /u01/app/grid
[[email protected] ~]$
19. Confirm that there are currently no labeled devices visible on this node.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd afd_lsdsk
There are no labelled devices.
[[email protected] ~]$
20. Perform an ASM Filter Driver disk scan. This operation scans all the disks in the ASM Filter
Driver disk string path and discovers all the labels. Afterwards, confirm the visibility of the
labels.
Note: The ASM Filter Driver disk scan must be performed on every node that wants to
mount the disk group. You will need to perform the AFD scan on host02 and host03.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd afd_scan
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd afd_lsdsk
---------------------------------------------------------------Label
Filtering
Path
================================================================
ASMDSK2P1
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p1
ASMDSK2P2
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p2
ASMDSK2P3
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p3
ASMDSK2P4
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p4
ASMDSK2P5
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p5
ASMDSK2P6
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p6
ASMDSK2P7
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p7
ASMDSK2P8
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p8
ASMDSK2P9
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p9
ASMDSK2P10
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p10
ASMDSK2P11
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p11
[[email protected] ~]$ exit
[[email protected] ~]$ ssh host03
[[email protected] ~]$ . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [grid] ? +ASM2
The Oracle base has been set to /u01/app/grid
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18. Connect to host02 as the grid user and configure the terminal environment.
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd afd_scan
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd afd_lsdsk
---------------------------------------------------------------Label
Filtering
Path
================================================================
ASMDSK2P1
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p1
ASMDSK2P2
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p2
ASMDSK2P3
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p3
ASMDSK2P4
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p4
ASMDSK2P5
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p5
ASMDSK2P6
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p6
ASMDSK2P7
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p7
ASMDSK2P8
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p8
ASMDSK2P9
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p9
ASMDSK2P10
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p10
ASMDSK2P11
ENABLED
/dev/asmdisk2p11
[[email protected] ~]$ exit
logout
Connection to host03 closed.
[[email protected] ~]$
21. Mount the AFDDG disk group. Re-list the devices for the AFDDG DG. How do the device
names compare to the devices shown by the same command in step 14. How are these
labels tracked by AFD? List the /dev/oracleafd directory. Oracle AFD accesses the
devices by using the admin block device. The disk labels are stored in the
/dev/oracleafd/disks directory.
[[email protected] ~]$ srvctl start diskgroup –diskgroup AFDDG
[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd lsdsk -G AFDDG
Path
AFD:ASMDSK2P10
AFD:ASMDSK2P11
AFD:ASMDSK2P9
[[email protected] ~]$ ls -al /dev/oracleafd
total 0
drwxrwx--- 3 grid asmadmin
80 Apr 20 12:23 .
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[[email protected] ~]$ asmcmd afd_lsdsk
There are no labelled devices.
[[email protected] ~]$ file /dev/oracleafd/disks/*
/dev/oracleafd/disks/ASMDSK2P1: ASCII text
/dev/oracleafd/disks/ASMDSK2P10: ASCII text
/dev/oracleafd/disks/ASMDSK2P11: ASCII text
/dev/oracleafd/disks/ASMDSK2P2: ASCII text
/dev/oracleafd/disks/ASMDSK2P3: ASCII text
/dev/oracleafd/disks/ASMDSK2P4: ASCII text
/dev/oracleafd/disks/ASMDSK2P5: ASCII text
/dev/oracleafd/disks/ASMDSK2P6: ASCII text
/dev/oracleafd/disks/ASMDSK2P7: ASCII text
/dev/oracleafd/disks/ASMDSK2P8: ASCII text
/dev/oracleafd/disks/ASMDSK2P9: ASCII text
[[email protected] ~]$ cat /dev/oracleafd/disks/ASMDSK2P9
/dev/asmdisk2p9
[[email protected] ~]$
22. As the root user, execute the following dd command, which attempts to write a random
block of data on to one of the ASM Filter Driver–enabled disks. Notice that the write attempt
fails and an I/O error is reported.
[[email protected] ~]# >/var/log/messages
[[email protected] ~]# dd if=/dev/random of=/dev/asmdisk2p10 bs=4096
count=1 oflag=sync
dd: writing '/dev/asmdisk2p10': Input/output error
0+1 records in
0+0 records out
0 bytes (0 B) copied, 0.00145229 s, 0.0 kB/s
[[email protected] ~]#
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Practices for Appendix A
Chapter 8 - Page 26
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drwxr-xr-x 18 root root
4140 Apr 20 12:23 ..
brwxrwx--- 1 grid asmadmin 249, 0 Apr 20 14:34 admin
drwxrwx--- 2 grid asmadmin
260 Apr 20 13:32 disks
[[email protected] ~]# tail -5 /var/log/messages
Apr 23 08:15:21 host01 kernel: F 4435092.206/150423081521
dd[5540] afd_mkrequest_fn: write IO on ASM managed device
(major=202/minor=107) not supported i=9 start=20393984 seccnt=8
pstart=20393984 pend=21725184
Apr 23 08:15:21 host01 kernel: Buffer I/O error on device
xvdg11, logical block 0
Apr 23 08:15:21 host01 kernel: lost page write due to I/O error
on xvdg11
[[email protected] ~]# ls -al /dev/asmdisk*|grep 107
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 202, 107 Apr 20 14:42 /dev/asmdisk2p10
[[email protected] ~]#
Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Practices for Appendix A
Chapter 8 - Page 27
Oracle University and Mazz Soluciones SRL use only
THESE eKIT MATERIALS ARE FOR YOUR USE IN THIS CLASSROOM ONLY. COPYING eKIT MATERIALS FROM THIS COMPUTER IS STRICTLY PROHIBITED
23. View the tail end of the system log at /var/log/messages. Notice the messages
indicating that ASM Filter Driver rejected and unauthorized the write attempt. Notice also
that the error messages identify the process that is responsible for the unauthorized write
attempt (dd[32221]) along with the relevant disk device (major=202/minor=107) .
Oracle University and Mazz Soluciones SRL use only
THESE eKIT MATERIALS ARE FOR YOUR USE IN THIS CLASSROOM ONLY. COPYING eKIT MATERIALS FROM THIS COMPUTER IS STRICTLY PROHIBITED
Copyright © 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Practices for Appendix A
Chapter 8 - Page 28
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