Subido por Prof. Yadira Albelo, Ph.D.

Project of Christobal Colon

Early American
History Project
Christopher Columbus (1451 – 1506)
• Columbus was an explorer.
• He later lived in Lisbon where he worked as a
trader. He learned how to make maps and
navigate a ship.
• Wanted to find better route to Asia but needed
money –Asked Spain for money and ships! –So
he took off and landed…
• In 1492, he sailed from Europe to America. He
and his sailors crossed the Atlantic Ocean, not
knowing where they would land.
• It was a voyage into the unknown. After
Columbus, other Europeans began to explore
and settle in America.
On his first trip, Colon needed 3 crew
ships, food supply for 1 year and
someone to finance his trip.
Columbus spent years trying to
convince someone to pay for his trip.
He first tried to make King Juan II of
Portugal pay for his trip, but the king
was not interested. Finally, he was able
to convince Queen Elizabeth and King
Ferdinand of Spain to pay for the trip.
Travels of Cristopher Columbus
He set sail on August 3, 1492 with
three ships called Nina, Pinta and Santa
María. The trip was long and difficult.
At one point his men threatened to
mutiny and wanted to return.
Columbus promised them that he
would return in two days if they could
not find land. However, in his diary, he
wrote that he had no intention of
Travels of Cristopher Columbus
• At the end of the 15th century, it was nearly impossible to reach
Asia from Europe by land. Portuguese explorers solved this
problem by taking to the sea.But Columbus had a different idea:
Why not sail west across the Atlantic instead of around the
massive African continent?
• He presented his plan to officials in Portugal and England, but it
was not until 1492 that he found a sympathetic audience: the
Spanish monarchs Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile.
• Columbus wanted fame and fortune. Ferdinand and Isabella
wanted the same, along with the opportunity to export
Catholicism to lands across the globe. (Columbus, a devout
Catholic, was equally enthusiastic about this possibility.)
• Columbus’ contract with the Spanish rulers promised that he
could keep 10 percent of whatever riches he found, along with a
noble title and the governorship of any lands he should encounter.
• On his first trip (1492-1493) Columbus reached several
Caribbean islands: Guanahaní (San Salvador), Cuba
(Juana) and Santo Domingo (La Española). In La
Españolachocó his best ship, the "Santa María", and
with his wood a fortínllamado "La Navidad" was built.
Columbus returned to Spain in the caravel "La Niña".
• On his second trip (1496-1496) Columbus discovered
the Lesser Antilles (Dominica and Guadalupe), passed
through Puerto Rico (San Juan Bautista) and arrived in
Hispaniola where he found the destroyed Christmas
fort. Very close, he founded his first city which he
named as La Isabela. Then he explored Cuba and
sailing south discovered Jamaica (Santiago).
• On his third trip (1498-1500) Columbus
discovered Trinidad Island and the mouth
of the Orinoco River in Venezuela (Tierra
de Gracia). Around Hispaniola he was taken
prisoner for the complaints of the
dissatisfied Spaniards with his command.
He returned chained to Spain, where
Lareina Isabel released him.
• On his fourth trip (1502-1504) Columbus
explored the coasts of Central America
(Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and