Subido por Jose María Ureta Urzúa

ch3pro220

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1
READING PROCESS DRAWINGS
2
Common Process Drawings
1. Block flow diagrams
(BFD)
2. Process flow diagrams
(PFD)
3. Piping and
instrumentation
diagrams (P&ID)
4. Utilities flow
diagrams (UFD)
5. Electrical diagrams
6. Schematics
(electrical)
7. Isometrics (piping)
8. Plot plan
3
Block flow diagrams
(BFD)
-- Blocks connected
by straight lines
-- Process flow
http://en.wikipedia.org
/wiki/Process_flow_di
agram
4
Process flow
diagrams
(PFDs)
-- Symbols
-- Directional
arrows
-- Flow
http://en.wikipedi
a.org/wiki/Process
_flow_diagram
5
Piping and
instrumentation
diagrams
(P&IDs)
-- Left to right
-- detail drawings
-- Equipment symbols
and numbers
-- Equipment
designations
-- Major process piping
-- All instrumentation
-- General notes
http://en.wikipedia.org/w
iki/Piping_and_instrume
ntation_diagram
6
Utilities flow
diagrams
(UFD)
-- Utility supply
-- connections
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8
Piping and Instrumentation Continued
http://www.rff.com/process-flow-diagrams.htm
9
Single Line Electrical
Diagram
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oneline_diagram
10
Diagram Software
• Free Download-30 day trial
• http://www.edrawsoft.com/electrical-symbols.php
Practice with common electric symbols, diagrams and
more.
• Isometric drawings
http://teachers.sduhsd.net/delliott/IED/Isometrics%201-2-1.htm
11
http://www.technologystudent.com/despro_flsh/isomty2.html
12
Plot plan
http://www.spedweb.com/spedwebpublic/EquipSpace/equipment_spacing.htm
Process Drawing Information
Title Block &
Application Blcok
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14
15
Continued
16
SYMBOLS
https://controls.engin.umich.edu/wiki/i
ndex.php/PIDStandardNotation
17
http://www.purduecal.edu/cpmi/NSF%20Courses/ECET-462/HANDOUTS/P&ID.pdf
18
https://www.clippard.com/downloads/PDF_Documents/Application_and_Trai
ning/Clippard%20Schematic%20symbols.pdf
19
http://booksite.elsevier
.com/9780080966595/
content/Appendices/A
ppendix%20A.pdf
20
21
Other Symbols http://www.edrawsoft.com/pidsymbols.php
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Equipment Standards
-- ANSI (The American National Standards Institute)
-- API (The American Petroleum Institute)
-- ASME (The American Society of Mechanical Engineers)
-- NEC (The National Electric Code)
-- OSHA (The Occupational Safety and Health Administration)
-- ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials
ISA (Instrumentation, Systems, and Automation Society
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