El tema de Prácticas Desleales en el Contexto Global Actual.

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El Tema de Prácticas Desleales en el
C t t Gl
Contexto
Global
b l Actual
A t l
Rafael Rubio
Consejo Consultivo de Prácticas Comerciales Internacionales
Diciembre 15, 2010
1
3,428 investigaciones durante el periodo 1995 - 2008
2
Global Trade Protection Report 2009
Principales usuarios: India: 16.5%, Estados Unidos: 12.2%,
CE: 11.4%, África del Sur: 6.0%, Argentina: 7.0% (Total 5:
53 1%) y Mé
53.1%)
México:
i
2
2.8%
8%
3
Global Trade Protection Report 2009
Principales afectados: China: 19.7%, Corea del Sur: 7.4%,
Estados Unidos: 5.5%, Taiwán: 5.5%, Indonesia: 4.2%
(T t l 5:
(Total
5 42.3%)
42 3%)
4
Global Trade Protection Report 2009
Principales sectores afectados
5
Global Trade Protection Report 2009
215 investigaciones por subsidios
6
Global Trade Protection Report 2009
168 salvaguardas en el período 1995 - 2008
7
Global Trade Protection Report 2009
Reportes G20 OMC: Investigaciones AD/CVD/S: 63% primer
reporte, 55% segundo, 43% tercero y 61% cuarto reporte
Type
yp of
restrictive
measure
1st G20
Report
Apr.-Aug.
2009
2nd G20 Report
p
Sep. 2009-Feb.
2010
3rd G20 Report
p
Mar.-May 2010
4th G20 Report
p
May-Oct. 2010
T d remedy
Trade
d
50
52
24
33
Border
21
29
22
14
Export
9
7
5
4
Other
0
7
5
3
Total
80
95
56
54
WTO REPORT ON G20 TRADE MEASURES (MAY 2010 TO OCTOBER 2010)
8
2010: La presentación de investigaciones AD ha
disminuido 19%
Initiations of anti-dumping investigations
G20 Members
January September 2009
January –
September 2010
Argentina
23
7
Australia
5
Brazil
4
Canada
5
China
15
EU
10
India
23
Indonesia
6
7
24
2
4
13
32
0
9
WTO REPORT ON G20 TRADE MEASURES (MAY 2010 TO OCTOBER 2010)
January September 2009
January –
September 2010
Japan
0
0
Korea, Rep. of
0
3
Mexico
2
1
Russian Federation*
6
0
Saudi Arabia
0
0
South Africa
2
0
Turkey
6
1
U it d St
United
States
t
12
2
TOTAL
119
96
G20 Members
WTO REPORT ON G20 TRADE MEASURES (MAY 2010 TO OCTOBER 2010)
10
Los sectores metales y químicos los sectores más afectados
Chartt 1
Ch
Product coverage of anti-dumping investigations
January-September 2010
Others
Oth
17%
January-September 2009
Others
22%
Chemicals
24%
Machinery
5%
Chemicals
22%
Machinery
Machiner
10%
Metals
29%
Plastics
16%
Textiles Stones
6%
3%
Plastics
13%
Metals
22%
Textiles
11%
Source: WTO Secretariat estimates.
11
2010: Las investigaciones de CVD han disminuido 63%
Initiations of countervailing duty investigations
January September 2009
January –
September 2010*
Australia
1
1
Canada
1
0
China
2
1
EU
5
3
India
1
0
United States
9
2
TOTAL
19
7
G20 Member
12
WTO REPORT ON G20 TRADE MEASURES (MAY 2010 TO OCTOBER 2010)
2010: Las investigaciones de salvaguardas han
disminuido 23%
Initiations of safeguards investigations
January - September
2009
January - September
2010
European
p
Union
0
1
India
10
0
Indonesia
0
7
Mexico
0
1
Russian Federation
2
1
Turkey
1
0
TOTAL
13
10
G20 Member
13
WTO REPORT ON G20 TRADE MEASURES (MAY 2010 TO OCTOBER 2010)
Principales medidas de discriminación comercial
durante reuniones G20
- Bail out / state aid measure
- Trade defence
measure (AD, CVD,
safeguard)
T iff measure
Tariff
- Export taxes or
Restriction
- Migration measure
- Investment measure
- Non tariff barriers
- Export subsidy
- Import ban
- Local
L
l content
t t requirement
i
t
211
149…….(23%)
100
45
31
31
28
23
21
18
14
The 8th GTA Report. November 2010
El Tema de Prácticas Desleales en el
C t t Gl
Contexto
Global
b l Actual
A t l
Rafael Rubio
Consejo Consultivo de Prácticas Comerciales Internacionales
Diciembre 15, 2010
15
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