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REPORTED SPEECH BY SARA
• STATEMENTS: (said that)
CAMBIO DE TIEMPOS
DIRECT
REPORTED SPEECH
SPEECH
Simple Present
Simple Past
Simple Past
Past Perfect
Present Perfect
Past Perfect
will
would
FORMAS CONTINUAS
am/are/is
was/were
was/were
had been
has been
had been
EXAMPLES
from
to
Peter said that he worked in the
Peter: "I work in the garden."
garden.
Peter: "I worked in the garden."
Peter said that he had worked in the
Peter: "I have worked in the
garden.
garden."
Peter: "I had worked in the garden."
Peter said that he would work in the
Peter: "I will work in the garden."
garden.
Peter said that he could work in the
Peter: "I can work in the garden."
garden.
Peter said that he might work in the
Peter: "I may work in the garden."
garden.
Peter: "I would work in the garden." Peter: "I would work in the garden."
(could, might, should, ought to)
(could, might, should, ought to)
FORMAS CONTINUAS
Peter said that he was working in
Peter: "I'm working in the garden."
the garden.
Peter: "I was working in the
garden."
Peter: "I have been working in the Peter said that he had been working
in the garden.
garden."
Peter: "I had been working in the
garden."
EXPRESIONES DE TIEMPO
1
this (evening)
today/this day
these (days)
now
(a week) ago
that (evening)
that day
those (days)
then
(a week) before
the weekend before / the previous
last weekend
here
next (week)
tomorrow
weekend
there
the following (week)
the next/following day
2- QUESTIONS (asked me/him…)
1-Question SIN question words (yes/no questions):
Peter: "Do you play football?" - Peter asked me whether (if) I played football.
Question CON question words:
Peter: "When do you play football?" - Peter asked me when I played football
3-COMMANDS (told me/her…)
La forma es: tell +(not) to + infinitive.
Affirmative commands
Father: "Do your homework."
Father told me to do my homework.
Negative commands
Teacher. "Don't talk to your neighbour."
The teacher told me not to talk to my neighbour.
• Las Reglas básicas en reported speech se resumen:
• Los tiempos cambian de presente a pasado y de pasado a un pasado anterior
• Las expresiones temporales cambian
• Los pronombres (posesivos, personales…) cambian
REPORTED SPEECH BY SARA
2
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