# Section: 6-1 Topic: Work and Kinetic Energy Type

Anuncio ```Curso2012-2013
Cuestiones Tema IV. Trabajo y energ&iacute;a.
F&iacute;sica B&aacute;sica Experimental I
Section: 6-1 Topic: Work and Kinetic Energy Type: Conceptual
1. A body of mass m slides a distance d along a horizontal surface. How much work is
done by gravity?
A) mgd
B) zero
C) –mgd
D) One cannot tell from the given information.
E) None of these is correct.
Ans:
Section: 6-1 Topic: Work and Kinetic Energy Type: Conceptual
2.
A body moves with decreasing speed. Which of the following statements is true?
A) The net work done on the body is positive, and the kinetic energy is increasing.
B) The net work done on the body is positive, and the kinetic energy is decreasing.
C) The net work done on the body is zero, and the kinetic energy is decreasing.
D) The net work done on the body is negative, and the kinetic energy is increasing.
E) The net work done on the body is negative, and the kinetic energy is decreasing.
Ans:
Section: 6-1 Topic: Work and Kinetic Energy Type: Conceptual
4. Initially a body moves in one direction and has kinetic energy K. Then it moves in the
opposite direction with three times its initial speed. What is the kinetic energy now?
A) K B) 3K C) –3K D) 9K E) –9K
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Section: 6-1 Topic: Work and Kinetic Energy Type: Factual
5.
The SI unit of energy can be expressed as
A) kg &middot; m/s
D) kg &middot; m &middot; s2
B) kg &middot; m/s2
E) None of these is correct.
C) m/(kg &middot; s)
Ans:
Section: 6-1 Topic: Work and Kinetic Energy Type: Numerical
7.
A 6.0-kg block slides from point A down a frictionless curve to point B. After the
block passes point B, a friction force opposes the motion of the block so that it
comes to a stop 2.5 m from B. Calculate the coefficient of kinetic friction
between the block and the surface after position B.
A) 2.5 B) 0.40 C) &gt;0.40 D) 0.40 N E) 2.5 N
Ans:
Curso2012-2013
Cuestiones Tema IV. Trabajo y energ&iacute;a.
9.
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)
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10.
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)
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F&iacute;sica B&aacute;sica Experimental I
Section: 6-1 Topic: Work and Kinetic Energy Type: Numerical
The kinetic energy of a car is 1.00 105 J. If the car's speed is increased by
20 percent, the kinetic energy of the car becomes
4.00 103 J
1.20 105 J
1.44 105 J
1.04 105 J
unknown; the answer depends on the mass of the car, which is not given.
Section: 6-1 Topic: Work and Kinetic Energy Type: Numerical
A bullet with a mass of 12 g moving horizontally strikes a fixed block of wood
and penetrates a distance of 5.2 cm. The speed of the bullet just before the
collision is 640 m/s. The average force that the wood exerted on the bullet was
4.7 104 N
74 N
4.7 106 N
unknown; the mass of the wood is required.
None of these is correct.
Section: 6-1 Topic: Work and Kinetic Energy Type: Conceptual
14. The weight of an object on the moon is one-sixth its weight on the earth. A body
moving with a given speed on the moon has kinetic energy equal to
______________ it would have if it were moving at the same speed on the earth.
A) the kinetic energy
D) 6 times the kinetic energy
B) 1/36 the kinetic energy
E) 36 times the kinetic energy
C) 1/6 the kinetic energy
Ans:
Section: 6-1 Topic: Work and Kinetic Energy Type: Conceptual
15. A force F pushes a block along a horizontal surface against a force of friction
F f. If the block undergoes a displacement s at constant velocity, the work done
by the resultant force on the block
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)
Ans:
17.
is equal to the work done by the force of friction F f.
is given by W = F &middot; s .
increases the kinetic energy of the block.
increases the potential energy of the block.
is zero.
Section: 6-1 Topic: Work and Kinetic Energy Type: Conceptual
A particle moves halfway around a circle of radius R. It is acted on by a radial
force of magnitude F. The work done by the radial force is
A) zero B) FR C) F R D) 2FR E) 2 R
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19.
A)
B)
C)
Section: 6-1 Topic: Work and Kinetic Energy Type: Conceptual
A variable force is represented on an F-versus-x graph. Which of the following is
the work done by this force?
the slope of the curve
the area bounded by the curve and the x axis
the area bounded by the curve and the F axis
Curso2012-2013
Cuestiones Tema IV. Trabajo y energ&iacute;a.
F&iacute;sica B&aacute;sica Experimental I
D) the F value multiplied by the x value
E) the F value divided by the x value
Ans:
Section: 6-1 Topic: Work and Kinetic Energy Type: Numerical
21. A particle that is subjected to a variable force travels a distance of 20 m in a
straight line in the same direction as the force. The force varies as follows:
First, 5.0 m and F = 0.
Next, 5.0 m and F = 3.0 N.
Next, 5.0 m and F = 6.0 N.
Last, 5.0 m and F decreases uniformly from 6.0 N to zero.
What was the total work done by this force during the full 20-m trip?
A) 15 J B) 30 J C) 45 J D) 60 J E) 75 J
Ans:
Section: 6-1
Topic: Work and Kinetic Energy
Type: Numerical
25.
In pushing a load, a woman exerts a force as given by the graph. What was the
the total work done by the woman?
A) 400 J B) 200 J C) 2000 J D) 1000 J E) 500 J
Ans:
Section: 6-1 Status: New to 5th edition
Type: Numerical
Topic: Work and Kinetic Energy
29.
Two parents when moving into a new house attempt to pull a large crate down the
large hallway, as shown in the figure above. One parent applies a force of
magnitude 150 N directed 45 degrees to the direction of motion, while the other
parent applies a force of 120 N on the other side of the direction of motion. If they
move the crate 15 m and perform work 2.6 kJ, at what angle to the direction of
motion did the second parent pull on the crate?
A) 54 degrees
D) 34 degrees
B) 30 degrees
E) 56 degrees
C) 60 degrees
Ans:
Section: 6-1 Status: New to 5th edition Topic: Work and Kinetic Energy
Type: Conceptual
33. A vertical light spring stretches a distance h meters when a mass m is hung from
it. The spring/mass system is now placed on a horizontal frictionless table and set
into oscillation with amplitude h and maximum velocity v. What is the total
energy involved in the spring/mass oscillating system.
A) &frac12; kh2 + &frac12; mv2
D) mgh + &frac12; kh2 + &frac12; mv2
Curso2012-2013
Cuestiones Tema IV. Trabajo y energ&iacute;a.
F&iacute;sica B&aacute;sica Experimental I
B) &frac12; kh2 + mgh
E) &frac12; mv2
2
2
C) &frac12; mv + &frac12; mgh
Ans:
Section: 6-2 Topic: Work and Energy in Three Dimensions
Type: Numerical
38.
If vector A = –2 iˆ + 3 ĵ and a vector B = 4 iˆ – 5 ĵ , the inner product A &middot; B is
A) –23 B) 7 C) –7 D) 23 E) 17
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Section: 6-2 Topic: Work and Energy in Three Dimensions
Type: Numerical
44.
The angle between the vector A = iˆ + 2 ĵ + 3 k̂ and the z axis is approximately
A) 17&ordm;
B) 37&ordm;
C) 75&ordm;
D) 58&ordm;
E) 26&ordm;
Ans:
47.
Section: 6-2 Topic: Work and Energy in Three Dimensions
Type: Numerical
A 10-kg object undergoes a displacement s = 6 iˆ – 4 ĵ + 2 k̂ . During the
displacement, a constant force F = –3 iˆ + 6 ĵ – 9 k̂ acts on the object. All values
are given in SI units. The work done by the force F on this object is
A) –42 J B) –36 J C) –30 J D) –53 J E) –60 J
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Section: 6-3 Topic: Power Type: Conceptual
50. Consider two engines. The larger is rated at 2 W and the smaller at 1 W. The smaller
one can do a certain quantity of work in 2 h. The larger can do twice as much work in a
time of
A) 30 min B) 1 h C) 2 h D) 4 h E) 1.4 h
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Section: 6-3 Topic: Power Type: Numerical
51. A motor is lifting a mass of 35.0 kg at a constant speed of 6.00 m/s. If friction is
neglected, the power developed by the motor to do this lifting is
A) 740 W B) 1.5 103 W C) 2.1 103 W D) 59 W E) 43 W
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Section: 6-3 Topic: Power Type: Numerical
56. A body is acted upon by a force of 10 N and undergoes a displacement in the
direction of the force in accordance with the relation s = 3t2 + 2t, where s is the
displacement in meters and t is in seconds. The rate at which the force is doing
work at the instant t = 2 s is
A) 14 W B) 12 W C) 120 W D) 140 W E) 160 W
Ans:
Curso2012-2013
Cuestiones Tema IV. Trabajo y energ&iacute;a.
Section: 6-3
Topic: Power
F&iacute;sica B&aacute;sica Experimental I
Type: Numerical
58.
A motor develops power as shown in the graph. The energy expended by the
motor in the time interval between t = 10 s and t = 30 s is
A) 1.0 J B) 1.3 J C) 0.20 kJ D) 0.60 kJ E) 0.70 kJ
Ans:
Section: 6-3
63.
Topic: Power
Type: Conceptual
A force F acts on a body and produces an acceleration a . The body undergoes a
displacement s and attains a velocity v in time t. The instantaneous power being
developed at time t is given by
A) F &middot; v B) F &middot; &frac12; at2 C) F &middot; a D) ( F &middot; 2 s ) /t2 E) F &middot; s
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67.
Section: 6-3 Status: New to 5th edition Topic: Power Type: Numerical
If the average power output of a car engine is the same as a 100-W light bulb, how
long would it take a 1200-kg car to go from zero to 96 km/h (60 mph)?
A) 8.5 103 s B) 5.5 104 s C) 65 s D) 160 s E) 4.3 103 s
Ans:
73.
Section: 6-4 Topic: Potential Energy Type: Conceptual
A woman runs up a flight of stairs. The gain in her gravitational potential energy
is U. If she runs up the same stairs with twice the speed, what is her gain in
potential energy?
A) U B) 2U C) &frac12;U D) 4U E) &frac14;U
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Section: 6-4 Topic: Potential Energy Type: Numerical
78. A 5200-kg cable car in Hong Kong is pulled a distance of 360 m up a hill inclined
at 12&ordm; from the horizontal. The change in the potential energy of the car is
A) 1.8 107 J
D) 6.0 107 J
B) 1.2 107 J
E) 1.8 106 J
C) 3.8 106 J
Ans:
Section: 6-3 Status: New to 5th edition Topic: Power Type: Numerical
72. The human heart is essentially a pump for moving blood around the body. If its
average power output (over many beats) is about 2.0 W and it pumps blood at an
overall average speed of 0.3 m/s into the output aorta channel, calculate the
average force with which the heart moves the blood into the aorta.
A) 0.60 N B) 6.7 N C) 22 N D) 66 N E) 0.18 N
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Section: 6-4 Topic: Potential Energy Type: Conceptual
82.
When the potential energy U(r) is given as in Figure A, then the force is given in
Figure B by curve
Curso2012-2013
Cuestiones Tema IV. Trabajo y energ&iacute;a.
A) 1
B) 2
C) 3
D) 4
F&iacute;sica B&aacute;sica Experimental I
E) 5
Ans:
89.
Section: 6-4 Status: New to 5th edition Topic: Potential Energy
Type: Numerical
The potential energy function for a conservative force acting in the x direction is
shown in the figure on the right. Where would the particle experience a force
directed to the right?
A) between A &amp; B, and E &amp; F
D) at points B and D
B) between B &amp; C and C &amp; D
E) at points C and E
C) between B &amp; C and D &amp; E
Ans:
Section: 7-1 Topic: The Conservation of Mechanical Energy Type: Conceptual
2. A body falls through the atmosphere (consider air resistance) gaining 20 J of kinetic
energy. How much gravitational potential energy did it lose?
A) 20 J
B) more than 20 J
C) less than 20 J
D) It is impossible to tell without knowing the mass of the body.
E) It is impossible to tell without knowing how far the body falls.
Ans:
Section: 7-1 Topic: The Conservation of Mechanical Energy
Type: Conceptual
3.
A projectile of mass m is propelled from ground level with kinetic energy of 450
J. At the exact top of its trajectory, its kinetic energy is 250 J. To what height
above the starting point does the projectile rise?
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)
Ans:
Section: 7-1 Topic: The Conservation of Mechanical Energy
Type: Numerical
5.
You ride a roller coaster car of mass 1500 kg down a frictionless track a distance
H = 23 m above the bottom of a loop as shown. If the loop is 15 m in diameter,
the downward force of the rails on your car when it is upside down at the top of
the loop is
A) 4.6 104 N
D) 0.98 kN
4
B) 3.1 10 N
E) 1.6 103 N
C) 1.7 104 N
Ans:
Curso2012-2013
Cuestiones Tema IV. Trabajo y energ&iacute;a.
F&iacute;sica B&aacute;sica Experimental I
Section: 7-1 Topic: The Conservation of Mechanical Energy
Type: Numerical
10.
A simple pendulum has a bob of mass M. The bob is on a light string of length
The string is fixed at C. At position A, the string is horizontal and the bob is at
rest. The bob is released from A and swings to B, where the string is vertical.
The tension in the string when the bob first reaches B is
A)
B) 2Mg
C) Mg
D) Mg
.
E) None of these is correct.
Ans:
Section: 7-1 Topic: The Conservation of Mechanical Energy
Type: Conceptual
12.
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)
Ans:
A roller coaster starts from rest at point A. If you ignore friction and take the zero
of potential energy to be at C,
the kinetic energy of the coaster at D will be equal to its potential energy at A.
the kinetic energy of the coaster at E will be equal to its potential energy at C.
the kinetic energy of the coaster at C will be equal to its potential energy at A.
the kinetic energy of the coaster at B will be equal to its potential energy at C.
None of these is correct.
Section: 7-1 Topic: The Conservation of Mechanical Energy
Type: Conceptual
15.
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)
Ans:
Assuming the incline to be frictionless and the zero of gravitational potential
energy to be at the elevation of the horizontal line,
the kinetic energy of the block just before it collides with the spring will be equal
to mgh.
the kinetic energy of the block when it has fully compressed the spring will be
equal to mgh.
the kinetic energy of the block when it has fully compressed the spring will be
zero.
the kinetic energy of the block just before it collides with the spring will be &frac12;kx2.
none of the above statements will be true.
Section: 7-2
Topic: The Conservation of Energy
Type: Conceptual
Curso2012-2013
Cuestiones Tema IV. Trabajo y energ&iacute;a.
F&iacute;sica B&aacute;sica Experimental I
20.
Consider a motion in which a particle goes from A
back to A along path 2, as shown.
W(AB, 1) = work in going from A
W(BA, 2) = work in going from B
B along path 1.
A along path 2.
If only conservative forces are acting, then
A) W(AB, 1) &gt; W(BA, 2)
D) W(AB, 1) + W(BA, 2) &lt; 0
B) W(AB, 1) &lt; W(BA, 2)
E) W(AB, 1) + W(BA, 2) = 0
C) W(AB, 1) + W(BA, 2) &gt; 0
Ans:
Section: 7-2 Topic: The Conservation of Energy Type: Numerical
25.
A system comprising two blocks is shown, one of which is on an inclined plane.
The pulley is of negligible mass and is frictionless. The system starts from rest at
position 1 and accelerates. Measurements taken when the blocks reach position 2
indicate that
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
the kinetic energy of block A has changed by 330 J,
the potential energy of block A has changed by 588 J,
the kinetic energy of block B has changed by 110 J, and
the potential energy of block B has changed by 98 J.
The amount of mechanical energy that has been converted to heat because of
friction is
A) 12 J B) 50 J C) 258 J D) 478 J E) 710 J
Ans:
29.
Section: 7-2 Status: New to 5th edition Topic: The Conservation of Energy
Type: Numerical
A 5-kg blob of putty is dropped from a height of 10.0 m above the ground onto a
light vertical spring the top of which is 5 m above the ground. If the spring
constant k = 200 N/m and the blob compresses the spring by 1.50 m, then find the
amount of energy lost in sound and thermal energy.
Una bola de masilla de 5-kg de masa se deja caer desde una altura de 10,0 m
(respecto al suelo) sobre un ligero muelle vertical cuya parte superior est&aacute; 5 m
por encima del suelo. Si la constante del muelle es k = 200 N / m, y la bola
comprime el resorte 1,50 m, encontrar la cantidad de energ&iacute;a perdida en forma
de energ&iacute;a ac&uacute;stica y t&eacute;rmica.
A) 20.0 J B) 169 J C) 266 J D) 438 J E) 94.0 J
Ans:
Respuestas (por orden): B D A E B
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