Documento descargado de http://www.archbronconeumol.org el 18/11/2016. Copia para uso personal, se prohíbe la transmisión de este documento por cualquier medio o formato. Arch Bronconeumol. 2014;50(3):123 www.archbronconeumol.org Clinical Image Foreign-Body Pulmonary Embolism夽 Embolismo pulmonar por cuerpo extraño Aaron Cordova, Inmaculada Alfageme∗ Unidad de Gestión Clínica de Neumología, Hospital Universitario Virgen de Valme, Sevilla, Spain A fifty-year-old woman, never smoker, with an L5 vertebroplasty performed four years previously was referred to our unit because of a radiographic finding. The patient had had dyspnea on heavy exertion for four years, episodes of chest tightness and palpitations. Physical examination was normal. CT images revealed a calcific density foreign body in the left pulmonary artery and similar smaller masses in the right chest. A leakage of vertebral cement could be observed at the level of the L5 vertebra, communicating with the left common iliac vein. The patient was diagnosed with pulmonary embolism (PE) of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), a material used as cement in vertebroplasty. Cement leakage to peripheral tissues during the procedure is the most common complication. PE occurs in 3.4–23% of vertebroplasties performed for osteoporotic fractures,1 and is asymptomatic in most cases. Immediate postoperative management of PE is based on the presence of symptoms and the location of the embolization. Observation is recommended in asymptomatic cases, 3–6 months of anticoagulation therapy is recommended in symptomatic cases and in those with central emboli, and surgery is required in severe cases. In our case, the surgery was old, so we decided treatment unnecessary and but to monitor the patient periodically. No clinical changes have been observed in 3 years of follow-up. Reference 1. Krueger A, Bliemel C, Zettl R, Ruchholtz S. Management of pulmonary cement embolism after percutaneous vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty: a systematic review of the literature. Eur Spine J. 2009;18:1257–65. 夽 Please cite this article as: Cordova A, Alfageme I. Embolismo pulmonar por cuerpo extraño. Arch Bronconeumol. 2014;50:123. ∗ Corresponding author. E-mail address: [email protected] (I. Alfageme). 1579-2129/$ – see front matter © 2013 SEPAR. Published by Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.