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Use of pine resin derivatives
as plastic components”
Juan López Martínez. UPVa
“Use of pine resin derivatives as
plastic components”
Proyecto Investigador
RESEARCH GROUP
Plastics processing and characterization
Responsible Juan López Martínez
Polytechnic University of Valencia
Campus of Alcoy
[email protected]
Sustainable Materials
-Recycled Materials
-Biodegradable Materials
-Natural Materials
Transformation Processes
-Product Development
-Injection Process
-Rapid Prototyping
MATERIAL SCIENCE
EXTRACTION
SYNTHESIS CHEMISTRY
MODIFICATION: FORMULATION,
ADITIVATION
CHARACTERIZATION
APLICATION
REUTILIZATION, RECYCLED
Field of Research
Finantial support 80% is from Companies
Manufacturing Companies:
From small size to transnational.
Special relationship with Technological
Institutes:
-AIJU (Toy)
-AITEX (Textil)
--AIMPLAS (Plastic)
Group:
• 8 Proffesors
• 8 Researchers
Contributors:
• Rafael Balart (Biocomposites)
• Santiago Ferrándiz (Product Development)
• Marina Patricia Arrieta (Natural Aditives)
Sustainable “Materials”
Biodegradable Plastics
Plastics comming
Hydrodegradable, Photo.
from natural resources
Plastics
Plastics Recycling
Examples
of
materials
polimeric
Non renewable resources
Renewable Resources
Synthetics
Naturals
Traditional plastics:
Polyethilene,
Polypropylene
Ivory
Cellulose Acetate
Natural Rubber
Table I. Polimeric materials clasification
Plastics coming from renewables
resources.
The raw material is a product with
vegetal or animal origin “cultivated”
Adventages-Disadvantages
Promoting the philosofy of waste
Life cycle
Food consumption
Versatility in production
Plastics coming from natural
renewable resources
Its apear because of:
Oil one day will run out
Less ambient impact
Versatility Production
Environmental problems:
Plastic’s Island
INVESTMENT IN NATURAL AND RECYCLED POLYMERS
PRESENCE IN PLASTICS MATERIALS
BASE POLYMER
TERMOPLASTHICS: Poly(Lactic acid) (PLA)
THERMOSETS: Bio-resin
ADDITIVES
MAJORITY ADDITIVES: 5-20%
MINORITY ADITIVES: <5%
THERMOPLASTICS
Most common: PLA, PHB, Thermoplastic starch.
Historically: Celullose and its derivatives: Nitrate, Acetate
and Butirate.
LIGNINE BASED POLYMERS
Liquid wood
Pine resin’s derivatives
There are published studies at theoretical level
Bicu, I., & Mustaţă, F. (1999). Diels-Alder polymerization
of some derivatives of abietic acid.
Die Angewandte Makromolekulare Chemie, 264(1), 21-29.
Pine resin’s Thermoplastics derivatives
Kim, W. S., Byun, K. R., Lee, D. H., Min, K. E., Park, L. S., Seo, K. H., ... & Park, S. Y. (2003).
Synthesis of photocrosslinkable polymers using abietic acid and their characterization.
Polymer journal, 35(5), 450-454.
Thermoplastics derivatives from pine resin
Viability
Big companies are necesary.
Greats efforts in research.
Profitability in the medium to the long therm.
Relapse in some clasics: cellulosics
Strong competiton with industrial agriculture
Termosheets: “Bioresinas”
Li, C., Liu, X., Zhu, J., Zhang, C., & Guo, J. (2013). Synthesis, Characterization of a
Rosin-based Epoxy Monomer and its Comparison with a Petroleum-based
Counterpart. Journal of Macromolecular Science, Part A, 50(3), 321-329.
FUKAGAWA, Kiyotaka, et al. POLYMER DERIVED FROM
DEHYDROABIETIC ACID AND USES THEREOF. U.S. Patent No
20,130,022,907, 24 Ene. 2013.
TANGUAY, Christopher M., et al. BIORESIN COMPOSITION
FOR USE IN FORMING A RIGID POLYURETHANE FOAM
ARTICLE. U.S. Patent Application 12/796,737, 9 Jun. 2010.
TransFurans Chemicals bvba
Industriepark
Leukaard 2
B-2440 Geel
T: +32-14/57.87.47
F: +32-14/57.87.67
E: [email protected]
Furfural
Furfural is the base chemical of today’s furan chemistry. It
can be produced from virtually any agricultural waste material
by acid catalysed digestion of hemicelluloses. This process
can be considered as one of the oldest forms of chemical
biorefinery. About 70% of the world production of FF is
converted to furfuryl alcohol. Furfural is also used as an
extractant, solvent and chemical feedstock for other furan
chemicals.
Furfuryl alcohol (FA)
Furfuryl alcohol is the main derivative of furfural produced by
a catalytic hydrogenation. This bio-alcohol finds a large
application base in the formulation of foundry and refractory
thermoset resins.
R. CHECA
USA
COMPARATIVE PRICES:
APPLICATION: SURFBOARDS
Thermosets derivatives from pinoe resin
Viability
No big instalation
Can start with simples uses
Requires research resources, but some of it exists.
Profitability in the short-medium term.
Growing market.
Great versatility and advantages as active products:
Pine resins
Any drawbacks…
MAJORITY ADITIVES IN PLASTICS
One of the mainly uses
Catalogo LURESA
Other Aditives: Plasticizers
s
l
Toy Industry experience
Resistencia Maxima
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
CIT
BEN
EFA2
EFA1
ELO
DOTP
PGA
DINCH
DOA
DINP
DEHP
0
Comparison of the Tensile Strength of PVC plastisols, plasticizers
derived from o-phthalates, substitutes and synthetic plasticizers
coming from natural sources.
EDIBLE FILMS
Functional properties of Sodium and Calcium Caseinate antimicrobial
active films
Aditives derived from pine resin
Viability
Is the star product that have to be maintained.
Facilities and Experiency ara available.
Can start with small applications
Non big resources in research (availables)
Short term profitability
Growing market
Great versatility and advantages as active products:
Pine resins
Another aditives
FUENTES-AUDÉN, Cristina, et al.
Formulation of new synthetic binders:
Thermomechanical properties of resin/recycled polymer blends.
Polymer Engineering & Science, 2011, vol. 52, no 2, p. 242-249.
Gonzalez, Miguel A., et al.
Synthesis and biological evaluation of abietic acid derivatives.
European journal of medicinal chemistry, 2009, vol. 44, no 6, p. 2468-2472.
Minority derivatives of pine resine
Viability
High grade value-added products.
Can lead to alternative products: Insecticides,
parapharmacy…
Can start with small applications and customized
distribution
Requires high research resources (available)
Profitability at medium-long term
Growing market
Great versatility and advantages as active products :
Pine resins
Strategies
Thermoplastic Polymers: Knowing the long-term
posibilities and the existence of interesting products:
waxes and dyes
Thermosets polymers: Research efforts in an
emerging field
Additives majority: Keep positioning and reinforce it
with new uses
Additives minority: derived from pine resin: Leverage
external research.
TOYS AND PLEISURE
SUBSTITUCION FORMALDEHIDOS EN COCHES ALTA GAMA
EL “EQUIPO NASAL” DE AUDI ESTUDIA
LOS OLORES EN EL AUTOMÓVIL
TEXTILES
ANTIBACTERIANOS
TINTAS ECOLOGICAS
(ECOLOGICAL INKS)
LAST SECTOR
Reason to fight for the production
Is a basic resours and also our resource.
Is a wealth of less favored areas
Is a natural renewable resource
Reason to fight for the production
Is a resource that generates knowledge and new
possibilities
HIELO
HELADOS
JUGUETES
PLASTICO
¿?
GRACIAS POR
ESCUCHARME
THANKS FOR YOUR
ATTENTION
Gracias
Grâce
Obrigado
Thanks
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