familia Calamoceratidae

familia Calamoceratidae
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Introduction 1,2
The family has long been recognized within the Trichoptera, being first established by Ulmer (1906).
The nominotypical genus was included in a “section” of Leptoceridae by McLachlan and a few other
early workers. The 8 genera are well defined and together comprise about 175 species from around the
world. Anisocentropus McLachlan and Phylloicus Müller are the largest genera in the family with over
60 species each. The former is widespread in the Paleotropics of Africa, Asia, and Australia, with 1
outlying species in eastern North America. Phylloicus is endemic to the Neotropics, with several species
extending their range into the southwestern USA. Banyallarga Navás is another Neotropical endemic of
less than 20 species. The Neotropical fauna was recently revised in its entirety by Prather (2003, 2004).
The other species rich genus in the family is Ganonema McLachlan, with about 20 species in the
Oriental and eastern Palearctic regions. Smaller genera, with no more than 2 or 3 species each, include:
Ascalaphomerus Walker (China), Calamoceras Brauer (Europe), Georgium Fischer (Japan, Thailand), and
Heteroplectron McLachlan (eastern and western North America, Japan). Larvae of the family are well
known for their flattened cases made of large pieces of excised leaves that completely camouflage the
larva from above. Others build tubular cases of sand grains or hollow a twig to use as a case. The larvae
inhabit the slower, depositional areas of small streams and rivers where they feed as shredders of leaf
litter and other plant detritus. Larvae of a Brazilian species inhabit the “tanks” of water trapped by the
leaf axils of bromeliads. Adults of many species have very brightly colored and patterned wings
imparted by thickened hairs or scales. Many are more active during the day than most Trichoptera, as
they engage in diurnal mating behavior. (From Holzenthal et al., 2007)
Statistics of barcoding coverage 3
Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:356
Specimens with Sequences:319
Specimens with Barcodes:288
Species With Barcodes:89
Public Records:46
Public Species:10
Public BINs:12
1. Holzenthal, Ralph W., Roger J. Blahnik, Aysha Prather, and Karl Kjer.2010. Calamoceratidae.
Version 20 July 2010 (under construction).http://dev.tolweb.org/Calamoceratidae/14595/2010.07.20
in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/
2. © <a href="http://rci.rutgers.edu/~insects/kjer.htm">Karl Kjer</a>, <a
href="http://www.entomology.umn.edu/museum/people/prather.html">Aysha Prather</a>, <a
href="http://www.entomology.umn.edu/museum/people/blahnik.html">Roger J. Blahnik</a>, <a
href="http://www.entomology.umn.edu/museum/people/holzenthal.html">Ralph W.
Holzenthal</a>, some rights reserved
3. © Barcode of Life Data Systems, some rights reserved