ESQUEMA MUSICA- EXAMEN DE EVALUACIÓN Orchestra instruments: ---Strings: -Bowed- violin, viola, cello, bass - Plucked- harp, guitar -Strucked- Piano ---Woodwind: flute, oboe, clarinet, bassson, saxophone ---Brass: trumpet, French horn, trombone, tuba ---Percussion: -Pitched: -Wood: xylophone -Metal: vibraphone -Membrane: kettledrum -Unpitched -Wood: claves, castanets, wood blocks -Metal: triangle, cymbals, gong -Membrane: snare drum, tambourine, bass drum PERCUSSION INSTRUMENTS – PAGE 15 -A percussion instrument is any objet which produces a sound by being hit. -Percussion instruments are sometimes classified as being pitched or unpitched if the make a definite pitch or indefinite pitch. -Music for pitched percussion instruments can be notated on a stave with the same trable and bass clefs used in many non-percussive intruments. -Music for percussion instruments without a definite pitch can be notated with a special percussion clef. PITCHED PERCUSSION INSTRUMENTS – PAGE 16 - The xylophone consists of wooden bars of various lengths that are struck by plastic, wooden or rubber mallets. Each bar is tuned to a specific pitch of the musical scale. -The vibraphone is an instrument similar to the xylophone that produces sound by means of vibrating metal bars. -The kettledrum is a type of drum, it consists of a skin over a large bowl commonly made of copper. They are played by striking the head with a specialized drum stick. Unlike most drums, they produce a definite pitch when struck, and can be tuned, often with the use of a pedal. UNPITCHED PERCUSSION INSTRUMENTS PAGE 17 -Claves are a pair of short thick dowels, When struck they produce a bright clicking noise. -Castanets are pairs of shell- shaped clappers that are hinged together with string. -One of the triangle’s angle’s is left open. It usually struck with a metal beater, giving a high-pithed ringing tone. -A matched pair of cymbals that are held by leather straps and hit together to make a loud, metallic crashing sound. -The tambourine is a musical instrument consisting of a frame, often of wood or plastic, with pairs of small metal. -The snare drum is a drum is a drum with strands of snares made of curled metal. The drum can be sounded by hitting it with a drum –stick or any other form of beater, including brushes and rutes. -A bass drum is a large drum that produces a note of indefinite pitch. It is played with one or sometimes two large, padded mallets. Usually the right hand plays the drum and the left hand muffles it.