Public Schools
A Proposal
Teresa Lazcano
Elena Andersen
Laura Herrero
Felipe Queipo
Education
The result of good upbringing
(especially knowledge of correct
social behavior)
WorldReference.com
What is a voucher system?
DEFINITION:
School vouchers are money given from tax
revenues to parents to send their children
to a school of their choice.
Problems with the Voucher System




Excudable
Rival
Costly
Negative Externalities:
- Inequality
- Do to an increase in the supply and
demand,not everybody can get education
Example
In California the big
reason why children
give up in schools is
due to economic
problems a 33.6%.
-We have this problem
with a voucher
system.
-With a public school
this problem will be
solve.
A public school today,
-Financed by the goverment around at 80%( Not
complete) See graph below
- Lack of resources
-Low budget for teaching
-Problems with social integration for inmigrants and
handicaps
- Short-term education instead of long-term (Weak skills
and system)
- Higher inequality
These are the reasons why we believe goverment
intervention is necessary
A public School. A proposal:
-A complete financing by the goverment. (100%)
- Improvement of Infrastructures
 In Areas such as Telecommunications,
Libraries, Health Care, Social Services,
Psychology, Laboratories, etc.
-Make things easy for Immigrant Integration,
Sensorial, Physical and Mentally
handicapped people, and social minorities.
- Constant formation and promotion of teaching
staff
-Reform of Subjects and Update of Teaching
System
-Mandatory Attendance, with fines to parents
and students.
-Long Term Education
-Social System
- Creation of Educational Commission with a
75% of Majority for Reforms
-Create a forum for the development of
teachers, pupil`s and student`s skills
- Integration of Parents in the Educational
Process at the School,APAs, Activities and
School Boards
Goverment Intervention:
A Public Provision
• A public good means:
-Non Rivalry
-Non Excludability
- Positive Externalities
Non Rivalry
• Just one supply, a public one.
• Primary education is the same everywhere.
• Cost of service is (close to) zero.
• Benefits available to every memeber of the
society.
Non-excludability
• Accessible for everyone and benefits whole
society
• Self-excluding from the system is not possible.
• Assistance and integration
• No zoning.
Externalities (Economically)
• Redistribution of income and well-being in society.
• Expand your opportunities in job market
• Lower unemployment rates
• Economic growth.
• Reduction of criminal rates.
• Stimulates continuing professional education
Externalities (Socially)
• Benefits whole society, all part get involved
• Motivation and school behavior.
• The impact of family support.
• Social acceptance.
• Better human development, personal
improvement.
Education system and economic
growth are related. The best education
leads to a better competitive labor
market that in a long term would
increase the economy of a country.
This would result in a global benefit
and well-being for the society.
World Economic Forum:the Global Competitiveness
Report 2005-2006
1
Finland
16
New Zealand
2
USA
17
Korea, Rep.
3
Sweden
18
United Arabic Emirates
4
Denmark
19
Qatar
5
Taiwan
20
Estonia
6
Singapore
21
Austria
7
Iceland
22
Portugal
8
Switzerland
23
Chile
9
Norway
24
Malaysia
10
Australia
25
Luxemburg
11
Netherland
26
Ireland
12
Japan
27
Israel
13
United Kingdom
14
Canada
15
Germany
Finland, the best
example
• According to the Ministry of Education Finland,
this system is based on:
- Pre-school teaching free of charge (meals,
transportation,scholar material)
- Finnish citizen is required to complete this
education
- Improve children's learning conditions
- Safeguard a sufficient level of equal
opportunities for education throughout the
country
-In Finland, 99.7 % of the age group complete
compulsory schooling, which means that Finland
has one of the lowest dropout rates in the world
-The aim is to integrate special-needs education
as far as possible into ordinary schools
-Pupils learn two languages besides their mother
tongue
- In order to create closer cooperation between
vocational education and training and the world of
work, efforts are being made to increase the
proportion of apprenticeship training to some 10 %
of all entrants
THE EFFECTS OF PUBLIC
SCHOOLS
•
•
•
•
•
Standards and Efficiency
Equity
Economic Growth
Human development
General benefits
Conclusion
• Public Schools
-Not Excludable
-Non Rival
-Positive Externality
-Free of Charge
-Efficient
• Vouchers
-Excudable
-Rival
-Negative Externality
-Costly
-Less efficient
-Less Control
WORKS CITED
Ministry of education Finland.”Education”
http://www.minedu.fi/minedu/index.html
World Economic Forum. “Global Competitiveness
Report 2005-2006”
http://www2.weforum.org/site/homepublic.nsf/Co
ntent/Global+Competitiveness+Programme/Glob
al+Competitiveness+Report.html
The information Network on education in Europe.
“Key Data on Education in Europe 2005”
http://www.eurydice.org/Documents/cc/2005/en/
FrameSet.htm
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